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D.A.R.E. By Katherine Palma. Is D.A.R.E. an effective program for preventing the use of drugs and alcohol among children and teens?. My research shows : n ot effective. Too costly N ot consistent Results aren’t good enough. What is D.A.R.E.?.

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d a r e


By Katherine Palma

Is D.A.R.E. an effective program for preventing the use of drugs and alcohol among children and teens?
my research shows n ot effective
My research shows : not effective
  • Too costly
  • Not consistent
  • Results aren’t good enough
what is d a r e
What is D.A.R.E.?
  • D.A.R.E stands for Drug Abuse Resistance Education
  • The “primary mission is to provide children with the information and skills they need to live drug-and-violence-free lives.” (The DARE Mission)
  • Run by police
for d a r e
For D.A.R.E.

Those in favor of D.A.R.E. say:

  • Can’t be expected to solve everything
  • D.A.R.E. reinforces students intentions not to use drugs
  • Introduces students to police
against d a r e
Against D.A.R.E.
  • According to a longitudinal study:
    • No effect on behavior regarding tobacco
    • Unrelated to alcohol
    • Unrelated to marijuana use
    • No statistical effect on illicit drugs
  • In 2000 D.A.R.E. America received $9.7 million tax dollars
  • Don’t publically announce cost per student
against d a r e1
Against D.A.R.E.
  • Does not delay use
  • Not enough statistical evidence
  • There are better programs available
  • Drug and Alcohol programs are important
  • D.A.R.E. isn’t the best one available
  • Dukes, R. L., Ullman, J. B., & Stein, J. A. ( 1996). A three-year follow-up of Drug Abuse Resistance Education (D.A.R.E.). Evaluation Review, 20, 49– 66.
  • Earhart, J., Hart, S. R., Jimerson, S. R., Renshaw, T., Saeki, E., Singh, R. D., & Stewart, K. (2011). A summary and synthesis of contemporary empirical evidence regarding the effects of the Drug Abuse Resistance Education program (D.A.R.E.). Contemporary School Psychology, (15), 93+. Retrieved from http://go.galegroup.com.online.library.marist.edu/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CA268604746&v=2.1&u=nysl_se_marist&it=r&p=AONE&sw=whttp://
  • Elliot, J. (1995, March). Drug prevention placebo: How DARE wastes time, money and police. Reason, 14-21.
  • Ennett, S. T., Tobler, N. S., Ringwalt, C. L., & Flewelling, R. L. (1994). How effective is drug abuse resistance education? A meta-analysis of Project DARE outcome evaluations. American Journal Of Public Health, 84(9), 1394-1401. doi:10.2105/AJPH.84.9.1394
  • Johnston, L. D., O'Malley, P. M., & Bachman, J. G. ( 1996). National survey results on drug use from the Monitoring the Future Study, 1975–1994. Rockville, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse.
  • Lynam, D. R., Milich, R., Zimmerman, R., Novak, S. P., Logan, T., Martin, C., & ... Clayton, R. (2009). Project DARE: No effects at 10-year follow-up. In G. Marlatt, K. Witkiewitz, G. Marlatt, K. Witkiewitz (Eds.) , Addictive behaviors: New readings on etiology, prevention, and treatment (pp. 187-196). Washington, DC US: American Psychological Association. doi:10.1037/11855-008
  • Osborne A, Comeau N, LeCavelier J, & Blumenthal L. Pilot Studies of a Middle School Drug Abuse Resistance Education (D.A.R.E.) Curriculum in Six Canadian Communities.
  • Perry, C.L., Williams, C.L., Veblen-Mortenson, S., Toomey, T.L., Komro, K.A., Anstine, P.S., McGovern, P.G., Finnegan, J.R., Forster, J.L., Wagenaar, A.C., & Wolfson, M. (1996). Project Northland: Outcome of a community-wide alcohol use prevention program during early adolescence. American Journal of Public Health, 86, 956-965.
  • Thombs, D. L. (2000). A retrospective study of DARE: Substantive effects not detected in undergraduates. Journal Of Alcohol And Drug Education, 46(1), 27-40.
  • http://www.cerd.org/press/d-a-r-e-s-programs-cost-soars-past-1-billion-with-little-accounting
  • www.dare.com/home/THEDAREMISSION.asp
  • http://www.dare.com/home/Resources/documents/RCMP_DARE_Report_FINAL.pdf
  • http://darehawaii.org/kauai.html