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Chapter 1 Section 3. Early Native Americans Hohokam 1. Arizona 2. A.D. 300 – A.D. 1300 3. Irrigation Channels 4. Left Behind- a. Pottery b. Carved Stones c. Shells. On Left: Pueblo Grande Above: Hohokam Shell Carving. B. Anasazi 1. Lived in four corners are

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chapter 1 section 3
Chapter 1 Section 3
  • Early Native Americans
    • Hohokam
    • 1. Arizona
    • 2. A.D. 300 – A.D. 1300
    • 3. Irrigation Channels
    • 4. Left Behind-
    • a. Pottery
    • b. Carved Stones
    • c. Shells
slide2

On Left: Pueblo Grande

Above: Hohokam Shell Carving

slide3

B. Anasazi

1. Lived in four corners are

a. Utah, Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico

2. A.D. 1 – A.D. 1300

3. Pueblo-Stone Dwelling

a. Pueblo Bonito

4. Cliff Dwellings

a. Mesa Verde

5. A.D. 1300-oved to smaller communities

slide4

II. Mound Builders

A. Lived in area between Pennsylvania and Mississippi River valley

B. Adena-

1. Ohio River Valley

2. 800 B.C.

3. Hinter/Gatherers

Miamisburg, Ohio Moundsville, West Virginia

slide6

C. The Hopewell

1. Farmers and Traders

2. Built large “Effigy” mounds-shaped like birds, bears, and snakes

3. Left behind-pearls, shells, cloth, and copper

4. Vast trading empire.

slide7

D. Cahokia

1. Largest settlement in Illinois

2. City of 1,600 people

3. Monks mound

a. 100 feet tall

b. Highest structure north of Mexico

slide8

III. Other Native Americans

A. North

1. Inuits

2. Igloos

3. Wore furs and sealskins

4. Hunters and fishers

slide9

B. West

1. Tlingit, Haida, Chinook, Nez Perce,Yakimsa, Pomo, Ute and Shoshone

2. Hunter/Gatherers

C. Southwest

1. Hopi, Acoma and Zuni

2. Adobe brick homes

slide10

4. Navajo and Apache

a. 1500’s

b. Hunter/Gatherers

c. Built square homes called hogans

slide11

D. Great Plains

1. Nomads

2. Hunters and Farmers

3. Lived in Tepees

4. Learned to tame wild horses

a. Used them to hunt and fight

slide12

E. East

1. Iroquois and Cherokee

2. Iroquois formed 5 groups

a. Onondaga

b. Seneca

c. Mohawk

d. Oneida

e. Cayuga

F. Southeast

1. Creek, Chickasaw and Cherokee

2. Farmers