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The Role and Environment of Managerial Finance

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    1. Chapter 1 The Role and Environment of Managerial Finance

    2. What is Finance? Finance can be defined as the art and science of managing money. Finance is concerned with the process, institutions, markets, and instruments involved in the transfer of money among individuals, businesses, and governments. 2

    3. The Managerial Finance Function The size and importance of the managerial finance function depends on the size of the firm. In small companies, the finance function may be performed by the company president or accounting department. As the business expands, finance typically evolves into a separate department linked to the president as was previously described in Figure 1.1. 3

    4. The Managerial Finance Function: Relationship to Economics (cont.) The primary economic principal used by financial managers is marginal cost-benefit analysis which says that financial decisions should be implemented only when added benefits exceed added costs. 4

    5. The Managerial Finance Function: Relationship to Accounting (cont.) One major difference in perspective and emphasis between finance and accounting is that accountants generally use the accrual method while in finance, the focus is on cash flows. The significance of this difference can be illustrated using the following simple example. 5

    6. The Managerial Finance Function: Relationship to Accounting (cont.) The Nassau Corporation experienced the following activity last year: Now contrast the differences in performance under the accounting method versus the cash method. 6