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  1. Poverty Proofing the School Day Luke Bramhall School Research and Delivery Lead Children North East 07702666961 Luke.bramhall@children-ne.org.uk @povertyproofcne www.povertyproofing.co.uk

  2. What do we mean by ‘child poverty’? • Government definition: Household income less than 60% of median income • Pupil Premium / Free School Meals • Alternative definition (Townsend, 1979) - An individual or family is in poverty if they: ‘…lack the resources to obtain the types of diet, participate in the activities and have the living conditions and amenities which are customary, or at least widely encouraged and approved, in the societies to which they belong.’

  3. Child Poverty Statistics • 4.1 million children living in poverty (30%) • Slight increase on previous year • 2020 prediction over 4.7 million – Institute for Fiscal Studies • 2022 prediction over 5.2 million children

  4. Challenges associated with child poverty • Health Inequalities • Low social mobility • Poverty Trap • Bad Housing • In work poverty • Food Insecurity • Perfect storm • Poverty Premium • Low educational achievement

  5. Education Policy Institute, 2018 26.6%

  6. What are the links between child poverty and educational outcomes • Low income is a strong predictor of low educational performance • By the time children start school, poor students can lag as much as 11 months behind their better off peers • The gap between children from richer and poorer backgrounds widens especially quickly during primary school

  7. Poverty and Shame ‘Schools broadened horizons but the stark differences it exposed were a source of shaming: smartly dressed or not, more than one set of uniform or not, hungry or not, pocket money or not, calculator or not, the list was endless’ Walker et al (2013)

  8. Poverty and Shame ‘In my research in English schools over a period of 25 years, working-class children have often said that they feel stupid, rubbish, ‘no good’ or even that they ‘count for nothing’ in the school context. For working class children, classrooms are often places of routine everyday humiliation and slights.’ Reay (2017)

  9. Why Poverty Proof the School Day?

  10. Poverty Proofing the School Day ‘Look there’s Hope, She’s got holes in her shoes,Pays nothing for dinners,And holds up the queue’s,Going home with a face full of sorrow,But don’t worry Hope,We’ll get you tomorrow’

  11. Do you know who is poor in your school?

  12. What did we find? Food and FSM Resources Charity and Fundraising Transport

  13. What did we find? Uniform Extra-Curricular Activity Careers

  14. What did we find? Homework Wellbeing and Mental Health Behaviour Rewards and Attendance Curriculum and Ability Grouping

  15. What did we find? Celebrations Bullying Leadership and Governance

  16. ‘Remove the barriers to learning’ ‘No activity or planned activity in schools should identify, exclude, treat differently or make assumptions about those children whose household income or resources are lower than others.’

  17. Poverty Proofing Your School Day • How to • Minimise costs • Ensure equal access to opportunities, regardless of income • Reduce & challenge stigma • Your school context • Impact of school costs in your school • Current good practice • Areas for improvement

  18. How does this look in my school? Fundraising How is money collected? Are there any sponsored events? Non-uniform days. Costs associated with fun days. Are the PTA poverty proofed? Is it obvious who made donations to foodbank? Poppys / red noses / Pudsey bears. Rewards Are roles in schools monitored? Do children get rewards for activities that require resources? Are attendance rewards reliant on 100% attendance? How do you celebrate end of year? Do reading rewards require parent signature? Hidden Costs Teachers presents. Parents buying pupils work. Trip kit lists. Parents invited to support trips. Birthday Cakes. Secret Santa. Does it cost to access the uniform. Do you have to bring resources in for show and tell or toy day?

  19. What are we doing School Audit Whole school day experience Consult with all students Consult with parents Digital Toolkit for schools Report and action plan Support to implement an action plan Support to plan pupil premium spending and monitor impact Quality Assurance & Accreditation Social and Emotional Wellbeing Staff and Governor Training Delivery Partner

  20. Newcastle University Evaluation Evidence of improved attendance and attainment as a result of removing barriers to learning Greater take up of free school meals More effective use of pupil premium Less costly school day Increase in uptake of school trips and music tuition by the most disadvantaged pupils Shift in whole school ethos High impact programme Challenging but highly effective programme Dependant on third party nature of the audit Good value for money

  21. Newcastle University Evaluation “This has been one of the most impactful programmes we have ever been involved in” It’s not a package, it is a process leading to a shift of ethos” “This is the best thing I’ve heard in 40 years!” “They [pupils] speak the most amazing amount of common sense and that’s what we need to hear”

  22. A final thought….. ‘‘…schools and their teachers may want to concern themselves a little less with the efficiency and effectiveness of their approach to instruction, and a little more with the kind of people they want their charges to be…

  23. A final thought….. Gorard (2010) … Schools, in their structure and organisation, can do more than simply reflect the society we have; they can try to be the precursor of the kind of society that we wish to have’

  24. Questions?

  25. Luke Bramhall School research and Delivery Lead Twitter:@povertyproofcne Luke.bramhall@children-ne.org.uk 07809215387 0191 2562449 www.nechildpoverty.org.uk