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This Lesson. Online instruction delivery networks. Online instruction ‘drivers’ and ‘enablers’. Information or Instruction. The Role of the Instructional Designer. Types of online instruction. Activities. INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN. Instructional Design is about how to help people learn better.

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slide1

This Lesson

Online instruction delivery networks

Online instruction ‘drivers’ and ‘enablers’

Information or Instruction

The Role of the Instructional Designer

Types of online instruction

Activities

slide2

INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN

Instructional Design is about how to help people learn better.

An instructional designer is in charge of the educational design of multimedia projects. He or she essentially drafts a blueprint for a whole project - from determining the content of the project to deciding how to present the content to the learner.

Instructional Design is the process of analysis of learning needs and goals and the development of a delivery system to meet those needs.

slide3

NETWORKS USED

FOR DELIVERING

ONLINE INSTRUCTION

INTERNET

INTRANET

EXTRANET

slide4

Internet

INTERNET

International

Network.

5,000,000

Hosts

350,000,000

users

“Customers”

The World Wide Web (WWW) contains an estimated 2.5 billion documents, growing at a rate of 7.5 million documents per day.

The three largest search engines in terms of internally reported documents indexed are

Google with 1.35 billion

documents (500 million

Availableto most searches),

Fast, with 575 million documents and Northern Light with 327 million documents.

Client

Surface WWW versus ‘deep’

or ‘invisible’ WWW

"The next big killer application for the Internet is going to be education. Education over the Internet is going to be so big it is going to make e-mail look like a rounding error."

John Chambers CEO of Cisco Systems

ipot

slide5

INTRANET

Internal

Internet.

Corporation

resources

“Customers”

Intranet

A corporate university is a portal within a company through which all education takes place.

It is an organization's strategic hub for educating employees, customers, & suppliers.

A corporate university provides strategically relevant learning solutions for each job family within a corporation

Corporation

slide6

INTERNET

International

Network.

5,000,000

hosts

“Customers”

Extranet

Supplier

Intranet

External Intranet.

Internet access

to Corporate resources

Corporation

Corporate

INTRANET

Internal Internet.

Corporate

resources

eLearning for entire value chain: Staff – Suppliers - Custormers

slide7

WHY DEVELOP

ONLINE

INSTRUCTION?

slide8

What is driving

eLearning ?

OPPORTUNITIES

* Internet access becoming

standard at work and home.

* Advances in technology

enable creation of

interactive, media-rich

content.

* Increasing bandwidth and

better delivery platforms

make eLearning more

attractive.

* Emerging technology

standards facilitate

compatibility and useability

of eLearning products.

* Growing selection of high

quality eLearning products

and services.

THREATS

* Rapid obsolescence

of knowledge and

training.

* Need for just-in-time

training and delivery.

* Search for cost

effective ways to meet

learning needs of

globally distributed

Workforce.

* Skills gap and

demographic changes

drive need for new

learning models.

* Demand for flexible

access to lifelong

learning.

slide9

Intermediation

Education Institution

Internet Based Intermediary

INTERNET

The use of internet technologies to provide consumers with an alternative access

to the products and services of established ‘bricks and mortar’ suppliers.

Learners

Expertise

Experience

Resources

Qualifications

slide10

INTERMEDIATION – Education industry sectors case studies

Higher Education

Consumer

Corporate

School

slide11

INFORMATION

OR

INSTRUCTION?

slide12

INFORMATION

The subject

The content

INSTRUCTION

The subject

The objectives

The content

The quiz

INFORMATION IS NOT INSTRUCTIONIn the early days of disk-based computer-based training (CBT), there was a rush to pour content into electronic tutorials. Most early programs were nothing more than books on a computer. Learners were forced to passively read the text on the screen, often clicking the Enter button or space bar to move on. These types of programs, derisively known as page-turners, tainted the image of CBT for many years.

slide14

The Instructional Designer

The Instructional Designer designs and develops content and curriculum products, learning support resources and delivery/assessment methodologies.

Instructional designers increasingly use the flexibility offered by multimedia applications to target specific learning objectives and audiences.

slide15

The Role of the Instructional Designer

1. Perform a needs assessment/analysis

2. Plan and monitor training projects

3. Assess the relevant characteristics of the target audience

4. Assess the relevant characteristics of the setting

5. Perform job, task, and/or content analysis

6. Write criterion-referenced, performance-based objectives

7. Select instructional media

8. Recommend instructional strategies

9. Develop performance measurement instruments

10. Develop training program materials

11. Prepare end-users for implementation of courseware materials

12. Evaluate instruction, program, and process

slide16

Instructional Design Tools

  • Models:
  • Steps to guide the design and development of instruction
  • e.g. the ADDIE model
  • Learning theories:
  • Guidelines for achieving learning.
  • e.g. Gagne’s nine events of instruction.
  • Evaluation strategies:
  • Procedures for determining the results of instruction.
  • e.g. Kirkpatrick’s levels of evaluation
slide17

Identify the

triangle

a)

b)

c)

  • No. this is a square
  • Yes, and its angles
  • total 180 degrees
  • c) No. this is a circle

A triangle

has 3 sides

An online instruction process

  • FEEDBACK
  • Remediation
  • Reinforcement

FACT

*knowledge

*skill

*attitude

  • TEST
  • Formative
  • summative
slide18

INFORMATION

The subject

The content

INSTRUCTION

The subject

The objectives

The content

The quiz

INFORMATION IS NOT INSTRUCTIONIn the early days of disk-based computer-based training (CBT), there was a rush to pour content into electronic tutorials. Most early programs were nothing more than books on a computer. Learners were forced to passively read the text on the screen, often clicking the Enter button or space bar to move on. These types of programs, derisively known as page-turners, tainted the image of CBT for many years.

slide19

Online instruction exercise

Use PowerPoint to develop an online lesson based on the flowchart below

Present

remediation

try again

Ask a

question

with 2

choices

wrong

What you

will

learn

Present a

rule or fact

TITLE

right

Present

reinforcement

exit

The

subject

The

objectives

The

content

The

quiz

slide20

TYPES OF

ONLINE

INSTRUCTION

slide21

Drill and Practice

Provides opportunities for practice when mastery of a new skill or information is desired. Usually used after initial instruction.

Simulation

Used for practicing a skill when the real context is too costly, dangerous or inaccessible. Provides answers to ‘What will happen if I do this?’. Oops, try again.

Tutorial

Introduces new information that is usually taught in a sequential manner. They are useful for teaching factual information, rules, and the application of rules.

Knowledge construction

Enables learners to actively construct their own knowledge by relating new information to preexisting knowledge. Learners interact with the new knowledge, the learning environment, and with other learners

Types of online instruction

slide23

Tutorial Flow Chart

Gain the learner's attention

Inform the learners of the objectives

Stimulate recall of prerequisite knowledge

Present the stimulus for the new content

Promote transfer and retention of the new content

Provide learning guidance and prompts

slide24

Provide a

Virtual environment

Simulation Flow Chart

Examine

impact of the

selected choice

Select

choice

Present

choices

Repeat ?

Exit

slide25

Knowledge Construction

Suggest

a process

for achieving

the task.

Present

the

task

Recommend

sources of

new knowledge

Provide rules

for measuring

success

Evaluate

slide26

ACTIVITIES

Go to the Cyberteacher site

Read notes for this lesson

Complete activities