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Interest Groups in Georgia: An Example of Professional Organizations. Archil Abashidze Ilia State University.
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Ilia State University
Charles E. Lindblom (1968) “in less developed countries, where political participaton is at a low level... because of insufficient experience with mass participation in politics, “the interest articulation” function of interest groups may be more critical than in the more developed countries. For in these societies, alternatives to interest groups as channels through which the citizen’s needs can be called to the attention of proximate policy makers are much less effective than in the developed societies. Journalism, research, and informed public discussion are all thin”.
Has the policy-making process become more participatory since 2004?
What is the role of professional associations in this process?
Are there success stories hat can be shared?
” an interest group is an association of individuals, organized or not, that tries to influence public policy”
Interest groups arise in response to feelings of common interest among individuals who are experiencing some form of deprivation or frustration.
Individuals cannot be expected to organize spontaneously once they become aware of a threat to their common interest. As long as individuals are likely to receive the collective goods that interest groups are working to obtain regardless of whether or not they make a contribution toward the effort, it will be exceedingly difficult to spur many of them into action.
Jack L.Walker (1983):
1. Groups that require members to possess certain professional or occupational credential.
2. Groups, that are open to all citizens regardless of their qualifications.
First, formal interest groups such as industrialists and journalists’ associations;
Second, amorphous interest groups such as blue-collar workers, peasants, pensioners, ethnic group;
Third, network of groups based on family, friends. Locality, or professional associations;
Fourth, indigenous nongovernmental groups, groups that Jones defines as “pressure” groups in the western understanding;
Fifth, transnational organizations and international NGOs, not interest groups strictly speaking, but on certain stage performing similar functions.