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Crime in America. Street Law Chapter 7. Crime. Something one does or fails to do that is in violation of a law Behavior for which the government has set a penalty Range of crime…. Crime Rates. Influenced by location, age, gender Higher in urban versus suburban areas

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Crime in america

Crime in America

Street Law

Chapter 7


Crime
Crime

  • Something one does or fails to do that is in violation of a law

  • Behavior for which the government has set a penalty

  • Range of crime…


Crime rates
Crime Rates

  • Influenced by location, age, gender

  • Higher in urban versus suburban areas

  • Higher in suburban versus rural areas

  • Individuals aged 15 – 24 commit more violent crime than any other group


Crime rates continued
Crime Rates, continued

  • Males commit almost four times as many crimes as females

    • Rate of female crime has increased

  • 1/3 of crimes involve alcohol

  • Cost of crime has increased…


Textbook problem
Textbook Problem

  • Page 76

  • Figure 7.1

    • Crimes Reported and Arrests Made (2001)

  • Problem 7.2

    • Be prepared to answer letters a – d in class


Reasons for high crime rates
Reasons for High Crime Rates

Poverty

Permissive Courts

Unemployment

Lack of Education

Abuse of alcohol and drugs

Inadequate police protection

Rising population

Lack of parental guidance

Breakdown of morals

Ineffective correctional system

Influence of television and films


Dealing with crime
Dealing with Crime

  • Would tougher penalties curb crime?

  • Is the threat of going to prison really a deterrent for crime?

  • Would increasing the number of police officers help to reduce the crime rate?


One solution community policing
One Solution: Community Policing

  • Strategy to build closer relations between the police and the communities they serve

    • Select communities are chosen to participate

  • Police on bikes or “walking the beat”

  • Police have more direct contact with residents

    • Residents can help with crime prevention


Textbook problem1
Textbook Problem

  • Page 78

  • Figure 7.2

    • U.S. Crime Clock

  • Problem 7.3

    • Be prepared to answer letters a – c in class


Crime on college campuses
Crime on College Campuses

  • Common crimes

    • Violent assaults, hate crimes, property crimes

    • Many involve alcohol

  • Forcible sex offenses are common

    • Often involve alcohol


Crime on college campuses1
Crime on College Campuses

  • Colleges/Universities are required to report campus crime

  • Lycoming College

    • http://www.lycoming.edu/safetyandsecurity/crimestatistics.html


Strategies to reduce crime
Strategies to Reduce Crime

  • Communities…

  • Criminal Justice System…

    • Police…

    • Corrections…

  • Policies…