Panama Ali Kurnath, Mary Durkin, Shayna Lasala, Sam Zaycer
How the U.S got involved • In 1903 Columbia had control of Panama • U.S wanted rights to the Panama Canal, which was controlled by a French business that held the rights to the project • French said Roosevelt had to pay them $40 million for their rights over the project. He agreed. • Roosevelt offered to pay Columbia $10 million for a strip of land across Panama. Columbia refused • Panama revolted and U.S supported them. Panama won.
America paid Panama $10 million a year for 10 miles of the canal. About every 20 years price was increased. The canal opened in 1914. How the U.S got involved
U.S Motives • Having the Panama Canal would help the U.S with trade • Maintain good naval base • It was also a lot faster for trade • Us wanted shortcut from the Atlantic ocean to the Pacific • Wanted to secure economic benefits within the area • Potential to be one of the most strategic waterways
U.S Justifications • The canal would help Panama increase their trade and also make a profit. • U.s would create a modern sewage system • A way to supply clean water due to mosquitoes carrying yellow fever. • Would help Panamas economy by making tolls along the canal (jobs)
Did the US justify their actions? • Created jobs along the canal • Fixed all the sewage systems and created a way to store clean water (preventing disease) • US paid for payments for all the construction (example: sewage system)
Reaction of the Locals • Panama liked the fact that they were free from Columbia and that America owned part of the Canal. • Eventually Panama did not want U.S to have control over any part of the Canal. • The Columbians were not happy about losing Panama.
Final Reaction • In 1977, General Torrios and Jimmy Carter agreed on two things. -Panama could have control of the Canal and neutrality in the Canal (didn’t completely receive until 1999) • Columbia was still attacking Panama • In 2006 a new plan for the Canal was approved.
Mafia Don • All America wanted was more profit and more trade. • Said they were going to help Panama free themselves from Columbia • But when Panama revolted, Roosevelt just sent over troops to keep everything under control. • After Panama gained independence the U.S stayed in Panama which] • Held Panama back from being completely independent.
Were U.S actions beneficial? • U.S was more beneficial than not because they helped Panama gain independence. • We also helped finish the Canal • And America eventually gave Panama total control
Works Cited • http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0107870.html • http://hackingfamily.com/chris/School/panama_canal_control.htm • http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2030.htm