ONCE MORE ABOUT ANOMALIES PHYSICS Vladimir A. Pinchuk. Baltic State Technical University Saint-Petersburg, Russia. firstname.lastname@example.org. SOME REFERENCES.
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Baltic State Technical University
that, with neglect of a negligibly small components, can be brought to anyone from
Here: V – ionization potential;Ω - the potential of the space, the value of which can be estimate as the minimum work done by the external influence on charge injection into the AQN-formation’s volume
General character of internal the energy equilibrium conditions (IEEC)
In an analogous way the general character of the internal energy equilibrium conditions are revealed:
For the reaction of type A+B<=>AB
activation energy of the association reaction
in the exponent index
In context of the revealed IEEC it turns out that among other things the such a parameter as traditionally evaluated temperature T being applied to localized formations with uncompensated charge (“aquasi-neutral” or AQN – formations) directly determines the equilibrium populations only of mechanical energy states.
If within the limits of traditional approaches
and with regard to IEEC - the excitation temperature of chemical bonds and electron energy states of level of AQN-medium, then its relationship with - the excitation temperature of mechanical (translational, oscillatory and rotational) energy states (below referred as translational) is determined by
In other words, as it was supposed according IEEC the injection of excess charge into the medium really causes deformation of the energy state population distribution function to the form
( ) if .
An AQN-foundation is thermodynamically opened system that is characterized first of all with being essentially disturbed one’s equilibrium.
We should particularly concentrate our attention on the fact that approaching of AQN-systems towards the internal energy equilibrium conditions according to IEEC is realizing
in “up to down” direction.
that the realization probability of one or another reaction type (including the CNS reaction itself) in every particular moment of time at the stage of the system relaxation to the new quasi-stationary state (due to the changes of internal equilibrium conditions caused by the injection of excess electric charge by external factors) may be estimated according to the equation
i.e. as the difference between the excitation temperature of the corresponding to the relaxation reaction energy level and the translational temperature related to the excitation temperature itself.
In other words, if the AQN-formations is realized in the medium with low temperatures then initial levels of necessary stretch over negative region and then, in the course of relaxation, undergo discontinuity of the type ( ).
If electronic shell and nuclear in totality to consider as united, being energetically balanced system, that the last can be interpreted as an indirect indication onto development possibility under the relaxation an instability of the AQN-medium’s atom-molecular structure the CNS-realization conditions in that number.
It is important to note that control actions onto medium by the charge factor in common are realized under conditions of charge instabilities, being excited, for example, by acoustic or electrical influences upon medium.
Call attention to the fact that in these conditions not only positive but and negative activation energy correction factors ( ) are being formed.
Under this conditions the population of electron energy states corresponding to standard distribution becomes re-exciting one.
Being sprang up so misbalance over the populations distribution must be suppressed by energy (electrons) flow from out shell of medium. The one substantiates the phenomenon of k - or e - capture (corresponding to arising of neutrons and within framework of the common dynamic circle AQN-systems formation).
So it is substantiated at the present that phenomenon of k- or e-capture is needed step of conditions forming for cold nuclear synthesis realization1).
1) S. V. Tsivinski. “About principally new possibility to realize nuclear synthesis of deuterium, tritium and helium from hydrogen atoms”. Vestnik of Russian Academia of Natural Sciences. Physics. N3. 2002. P. 43-45. (only in Russian).
The revealed conditions of internal energy equilibrium substantiate an existence of traditionally not accounted (earlier unknown) control channel over material media states
(charge-up control channel)
where the electric charge plays a role of controlling influences factor.
Of the one, which testifies to real prospects of searching for ways of
However common peculiarities of the channel using (and as applied to assimilation CNS problem in that number) up to now is not cleared yet.
In addition the real perspectives to make more exact, on basis of the revealed regularity, the views of some different key, but up to now not solved yet, physics problems were being estimated.
As for Ball Lightning,
- the energy, accumulated by the BL-medium due to the distribution function deformation of chemical bonds and electron energy states populatons.
Convection heat exchange
Mass exchange mechanism
High frequency instability (HFI) in chambers of heat engine up to now has not received needed comprehension yet (energy feeding mechanism especially)
It is felt that relaxation in connection with natural reduction of reactions’ activation barrier will be accompanied by intensification in the AQN-formations medium of wide spectrum of endothermic reactions and, first of all, of dissociation reactions (for example H2O<—>HO+H and/or CO2 <—>co+O)Natural increase of local levels of both molar concentrations and medium’s pressure will ensure, in that case, steady forming of positive reverse connection being directed onto intensification of initial inner-chamber instabilities.