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Importance of Adequate and Balanced Nutrition. Dr. Biplab K. Nandi Former Senior Food and Nutrition Officer Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations; President, Society for Nutrition, Education and Health Advancement, Kolkata (SNEHA), India

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Importance of Adequate and Balanced Nutrition

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importance of adequate and balanced nutrition
Importance of Adequate and Balanced Nutrition

Dr. Biplab K. Nandi

Former Senior Food and Nutrition Officer

Food and Agriculture Organization of the

United Nations;

President, Society for Nutrition, Education and Health Advancement, Kolkata (SNEHA), India

ILSI-India Conference on Managing Sweetness, Delhi

17 September 2009

  • Food and Nutrition Security
  • WFS and MDGs
  • Key to Balanced Nutrition
  • Nutritional Situation—Asia and World
  • Double Burden of Malnutrition
  • Food Based Strategies—Diversified Food Basket
  • FAO Projects in support of Balanced Nutrition
  • Concluding Remarks
food and nutrition security
Food and Nutrition Security
  • Four Dimensions of Food Security
  • Nutritional Security
  • Household Food Security
wfs and mdgs
WFS and MDGs
  • WFS
  • MDG 1 and other 7 MDGs
millennium development goals

Millennium Development Goals

Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger

Achieve universal primary education

Promote gender equality and empower women

Reduce child mortality

Improve maternal health

Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases

Ensure environmental sustainability

Development a global partnership for development

four key to balanced nutrition
Four Key to Balanced Nutrition
  • Food Based Dietary Guidelines
  • Macronutrients
  • Micronutrients
  • Hydration—Safe drinking water
  • Plate Method—For portioning daily diet
suggested portioning of diet
Suggested Portioning of Diet
  • 50% of total calories from CHO
  • 20% of total calories from fats
  • Emphasis on Monounsaturated fats: olive, saffola etc.
  • Green Leafy Vegetables
  • Assorted Vegetables
  • Fruits
  • 6-8 glasses of water
  • Protein (more of milk and milk products and pulses)
  • Fish—Highly Recommended
  • Whole grains (Brown rice)
important considerations
Important Considerations
  • Access to safe and adequate nutritious Foods
  • Four dimensions of Food and Nutrition Security
  • Dietary Diversification and Food based approach
  • Balancing Calories and Consuming Wide Variety of Foods
  • Food for Balanced Nutrition and Health
  • Promoting Nutrition, right from the childhood
  • Life Cycle Approach
fao s mandate founded in 1945
FAO’s Mandate (founded in 1945)

Raise levels of nutrition and standards of living

Improve agricultural productivity

Better the conditions of rural populations

Contribute to the expansion of the world’s economy

prevalence of undernourishment
Prevalence of undernourishment

Source : FAO, SOFI, 2008

prevalence of undernourishment south asia
Prevalence of undernourishment, South Asia

(Data NA for Bhutan, Maldives)

Source: FAO, SOFI,2008

world nutrition situation
World Nutrition Situation
  • IDA: affects more than 3.5 billion people
  • VAD: 3.3 million U5s with clinical VAD and 75-140 million U5s with sub-clinical VAD
  • IDD: 740 million people affected by goitre
global malnutrition situation a paradox
Global Malnutrition Situation—A Paradox
  • FAO: 848 million undernourished
  • WHO: 300 million obese adults


115 million people in developing countries suffering from obesity-related conditions

double burden of malnutrition
Double Burden of Malnutrition
  • A real Paradox
  • Undernutrition
  • Diet related chronic diseases due to over nutrition—Diabetes, CHD, Some forms of Cancer
  • Managing both through diet
  • Adequate and Balanced Nutrition—the key
  • Physical Activity
  • Healthy Lifestyle
icn wfs and millennium summit
ICN, WFS and Millennium Summit
  • ICN & World Declaration of the Plan of Action for Nutrition including combating Hidden Hunger led to developing National Plans of Action for Nutrition (NPANs)
  • International Alliance Against Hunger (IAAH)
  • MDGs included nutrition and health as one of the cornerstones of development.
  • Greater investment in nutrition linked agriculture and development strategies leads to improved health, in particular, has beneficial effects on next generation.
fao projects and lessons learnt in asia
FAO projects and Lessons Learnt in Asia
  • Bangladesh
  • Bhutan
  • Cambodia
  • China
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Lao PDR
  • Nepal
  • Philippines
  • Sri Lanka
  • Thailand
  • Viet Nam
role of fao in support of food based strategies
Role of FAO in support of food based strategies
  • Facilitates process for promoting supply, access and consumption of adequate quantity and quality of safe foods
  • Primarily advocates dietary diversification and fortification
  • Recognizes need for broad based supplementation (high risk areas) and public health measures
  • Improve both micronutrient and overall nutritional status
recommendations and conclusions
Recommendations and Conclusions
  • Promote Nutrition Orientation to Food Production by incorporating nutrition considerations into development policies and programmes and agriculture in particular, including poverty reduction strategies
  • National Food and Agriculture Policy to aim/strengthen achievement of balanced production and availability of a range of diverse foods
adequate and balanced nutrition
Adequate and Balanced Nutrition
  • Farm and not Pharmacy, approach
  • Diversified Food Basket for Balancing Calorie Intake and Dietary Diversification
concluding remarks
Concluding Remarks
  • Reference to National RDA and Food Pyramid
  • Limiting Sugar Intake
  • Eating more Whole Grains
  • Avoiding Trans fats
  • Limiting Saturated Fat Intake
  • Eating 20% to 35% of daily calories from Fats
  • Consuming monounsaturated and poly unsaturated Fats
  • Ensuring Safety of Foods
an old chinese proverb
An Old Chinese Proverb




another saying
Another Saying

Let Food be Our Medicine



Society for Nutrition, Education and Health Advancement (SNEHA) Kolkata, India


For Your Kind Attention