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Association of Muslim professionals Topic: Mental illness: what is it, why do they have it, and how do I deal with it Venue: Psychiatric Hospital Yaba, Lagos Speaker: Banji Adesoji Date: 3 rd April 2011. Outline What is mental Illness What is depression What causes depression

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slide1

Association of Muslim professionals

Topic: Mental illness: what is it, why do they have it, and how do I deal with it

Venue: Psychiatric Hospital Yaba, Lagos

Speaker: Banji Adesoji

Date: 3rd April 2011

slide2

Outline

  • What is mental Illness
  • What is depression
  • What causes depression
  • How do I know a person has it
  • What must I stop doing to prevent it
  • What must I start doing to treat it
so really what does this mean
So really what does this mean?
  • Mental Illness is a behavioral pattern associated subjective distress or disability that occurs in an individual, and which is not a part of normal development or culture.
  • Types

-Organic brain disorders

-Mental and behavioral disorders

-Schizophrenia

-Mood disorders ( Mania-Depression-BAD)

-Anxiety disorders

-Somatoform disorders etc

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Beethovenfrank BrunoWinston ChurchillKurt CobainErnest HemingwayMarriete HemingwayJohnny DeppRoseanne BarrRosie O’ donnellMarilyn MonroeIsaac NewtonRobin WilliamsRobert Downey JnrVincent Van GoghAbraham LincolnJean Claude van Damme

what is depression
What is depression?
  • The difference between depression and sadness/grief is in terms of content, duration and severity
  • Depression is a state of low mood and aversion to activity that adversely affects a person’s family, work or school life and general health.
  • Types

-Mild

-Moderate

-Severe

-Bipolar depression

-Atypical depression

-Seasonal affective disorder

why him and not her
Why him and not her?
  • Biological

-Genetic

-developmental

-organic causes

  • Psychological

-early childhood experiences

-significant life events

-family and marital discord

  • Social

-living conditions

-economic distress

-disasters: natural and human inflicted

symptoms
symptoms
  • Undue sadness
  • Reduced energy levels
  • Loss of interest
  • Reduced or excessive sleep
  • Reduced or excessive appetite
  • Forgetfulness/ inability to concentrate
  • Undue suspiciousness
  • Undue guilt feelings
  • Feelings of hopelessness/ helplessness
  • Suicidal ideations/ suicidal attempts
  • Hearing of strange voices
risk factors
Risk factors
  • Being a woman
  • Loss of mother
  • No confiding relationship
  • Substance abuse
  • Being unemployed
  • Having 3 children under the age of 10years
  • Untreated or poorly treated medical illnesses
  • Malignancies
  • HIV/AIDS illness
  • Major life events
treatment
treatment
  • Biological

-Medications

-Exercise

-Nutrition

  • Psychology
  • Social
  • Spiritual