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Unit 1. Learning, Chinese-style. Unit 1 Learning Styles If you find a two-year-old boy is putting a key into a box, would you help him immediately? Why or why not? Can you recall how your parents taught you in your childhood? Did they like to teach you by holding your hands?

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Unit 1

Unit 1

Learning, Chinese-style


Unit 1

Unit 1

Learning Styles

  • If you find a two-year-old boy is putting a key into a box, would you help him immediately? Why or why not?

  • Can you recall how your parents taught you in your childhood? Did they like to teach you by holding your hands?

  • Which way do you prefer when you were in trouble with one of your toys, turning to your parents for help or exploring by yourself?


A survey
A Survey

  • Play is the best way to learn.

  • Children develop life skills best through formal program.

  • Children are natural curious, inspired, motivated learners, but sometimes the enjoyment of learning can get lost in the pressure to “succeed” in formal education.

  • Parents are the most important instructors to the children, so they should give as much guidance as possible.

Do you agree with the following?


Talk about this

Talk about this:

Recall how your parents taught you to learn to do something at your early age.

What do you think of the ways they taught you?

As an adult now, how do you expect your parents taught you?


Unit 1

Two children are given hula hoops, a toy they are unfamiliar with:

Susan is given a hula hoop with instructions on how to use it.

Jack is given a hula hoop but no instructions.

What kinds of outcome do you expect?


A practical experiment
A Practical Experiment with:

Two children are given hula hoops, a toy they are unfamiliar with.

Susan is given a hula hoop with instructions on how to use it.

Jack is given a hula hoop but no instructions.

What kind of outcomes do you expect?


A practical experiment1
A Practical Experiment with:

Two children are given hula hoops, a toy they are unfamiliar with.

Both outcomes are good.

Susan learns a useful play skill.

Jack uses his hoop in a different, but equally playful way.

Which one do you think is better in developing the children’s creativity?


A practical experiment2
A Practical Experiment with:

Two children are given hula hoops, a toy they are unfamiliar with.

Susan, because she followed the directions given, will have a skill she can use anytime she wants to move her body in that specific way. The outcome is limited to having followed directions and mastered a particular skill.

Jack, on the other hand, had the experience of exploring and discovering an item he was unfamiliar with. He used what he learned about this circular-shaped object to solve a problem of his own and incorporated (结合) the hula hoop as an innovative solution to help him do something that he wanted to do -- kick a ball through a target. Jonathan learned he could use his own observation and exploration to learn about new objects.

What conclusion can you draw from this experiment?


More for discussion
More for Discussion with:

  • If you find a two-year-old boy is putting a key into a box, would you help him immediately? Why or why not?

  • Can you recall how your parents taught you in your childhood? Did they like to teach you by holding your hands?

  • Which way do you prefer when you were in trouble with one of your toys, turning to your parents for help or exploring by yourself?


Scanning
Scanning with:

Scan Text A and decide whether the following statements are true or false.

  • Benjamin was worried that he couldn’t put the key into the box.

  • In the Chinese staff’s opinion, the parents should guide Benjamin to insert the key.

  • The author and his wife didn’t care whether Benjamin succeeded in inserting the key into the slot.

  • For the Westerners, learning should take place by continual careful shaping and molding.

  • Chinese teachers hold the opinion that skills should be acquired as early as possible, while American educators think that creativity should be acquired early.


Part division of the text
Part Division of the Text with:

Part 1 (L. 1 --- 32)

Part 2 (L. 33 --- 97)

Part 3 (L. 98 --- 102)

An anecdote: the Chinese staff helped Benjamin _____________.

to place the key

The author’s thought about different ___________________ in China and the West.

approaches to learning

In the form of a question, the author gives a suggestion of a more rational approach to fostering ___________ __________.

creativity and

basic skills


Questions and answers
Questions and Answers with:

  • How does the author introduce the topic in Text A?

  • Sum up the contrast between the couple and that of the hotel staff toward Benjamin’s efforts in inserting the key into the slot.


Unit 1

3. Read the first sentence of Paragraphs 6 and 7 and decide what method of contrast and comparison is used.

4. Sum up the contrast between Chinese and Western ways to learn to fulfil a task.

5. Read from Para 11 to 13. Which comparison and contrast is used here?


Unit 1

6. The following are two types of attitudes toward creativity and basic skills. Which one belongs to the Chinese and which one belongs to the westerners?

1) Giving priority to developing skills at an early age, believing that creativity can be promoted over time.

2) Putting more emphasis on fostering creativity in young children, thinking that skills can be picked up later.


Ways to conclude an essay
Ways to Conclude an Essay creativity and basic skills. Which one belongs to the Chinese and which one belongs to the westerners?

  • Restate the main point previously mentioned.

  • Proposing a solution.

  • Quoting from some book or person.

  • Predicting further developments.

  • Making a suggestion in the form of a question.


Detailed reading
Detailed Reading creativity and basic skills. Which one belongs to the Chinese and which one belongs to the westerners?

  • :Because of … usually fail. (L.13 --- 15)

    Paraphrase:

    Because he was quite young and didn’t quite know that he should put the key carefully into the narrow key hole, he would usually fail.


Unit 1

2. Benjamin creativity and basic skills. Which one belongs to the Chinese and which one belongs to the westerners?… least. (L.15) Paraphrase:

Benjamin was not bothered at all.


Unit 1

3. creativity and basic skills. Which one belongs to the Chinese and which one belongs to the westerners?… and throw light on Chinese attitudes toward creativity. (L.30)

Paraphrase :

… and to help explain Chinese attitudes toward creativity.


Unit 1

4. Since the child creativity and basic skills. Which one belongs to the Chinese and which one belongs to the westerners?… struggle? (L. 37 --- 39)

Question:

What does the desired action refer to?


Unit 1

5. creativity and basic skills. Which one belongs to the Chinese and which one belongs to the westerners?… two activities that did matter to us. (L. 48)

Paraphrase:

--- Two activities that were important to us.


Unit 1

6. --- whether it be placing a key in a key slot. (L. 52) creativity and basic skills. Which one belongs to the Chinese and which one belongs to the westerners?

Paraphrase:

--- No matter whether it is placing a key in a key slot, drawing a hen or making up for some mistakes.


Unit 1

7. creativity and basic skills. Which one belongs to the Chinese and which one belongs to the westerners?… making their boldest departures …. (L. 80)

Paraphrase:

--- doing something different from established rules tradition.


Useful expressions
Useful Expressions creativity and basic skills. Which one belongs to the Chinese and which one belongs to the westerners?

be attached to

exploratory behavior

  • 被系在 …上

  • 探索行为

  • 偶尔

  • 父母的责任

  • 揭示、阐明

  • 最终目的

  • 要做的动作

  • 所希望的结果

  • 关键

  • 育儿观

on occasion

parental duties

throw light on

an ultimate purpose

desired action

a desirable outcome

critical point

a value of child rearing


Unit 1

make up for a misdeed creativity and basic skills. Which one belongs to the Chinese and which one belongs to the westerners?

in retrospect

well-intentioned

come to sb’s rescue

with extreme facility and gentleness

apply to

evolve to

promote creativity

worthwhile goals

11. 弥补某种错误行为

12. 回想起来

13. 善意的

14. 前来帮助某人

15. 及其熟练地、温和地

16. 适用于

17. 发展到

18. 发展创造力

19. 值得追求的目标


Unit 1

  • I heard a noise and went downstairs to _____. creativity and basic skills. Which one belongs to the Chinese and which one belongs to the westerners?

  • The judge ruled that the defendant's previous conviction was _____ and could be discussed during the case.

  • My career was all-important, and my family got _____.

  • An analysis of the results should _____ the problems of global warming.


Unit 1

  • It is _____ that the systems we develop in-house should be compatible with those in use elsewhere.

  • As you _____ tasks, cross them off your list.

  • Be patient. You will get your promotion _____.

  • The _____ of the business has an office in New York.

  • The hotel has its own pool and leisure _____.


After 2 spot 1

top compatible with those in use elsewhere.

Spot Dictation

scholar

You probably think you will never be a _____ student. This is not necessarily so, however. Anyone can become a better ________ if he or she wants to. It is true that you may not be ___________ about everything that you study, but by using your time properly you may improve your grades without __________ work. Here’s how:

Spot Dictation

After-2.spot-1

enthusiastic

additional

Plan your time


After 2 spor 2

Scan compatible with those in use elsewhere.

Spot Dictation

Make good use of

1. _________________ carefully.

2.Find a good place to study.

3. _____ before you read.

4. _________________ your time in class.

5.Study ___________ .

6.Develop _______________ about tests.

There are other ____________ that might help you with your studying. Only a few have been mentioned here. You will probably discover many others after you have tried these.

regularly

After-2.spor-2

a good attitude

techniques

Plan your time


Proverbs and quotations
Proverbs and Quotations compatible with those in use elsewhere.

  • There is no end to learning.

  • What is learned in the cradle is carried to the grave.

  • Questioning is the door to knowledge.


For next week
For Next Week compatible with those in use elsewhere.

Units 1 – 2, Listening Course

  • What role do sports play in our life?

  • What is your favorite sport? What does it bring to you?

  • What sports do most young people go in for? What do they learn from sports?

  • How important is weather forecast in our life?

  • What do you expect from weather forecast?

  • Do you like the climate in Zhuhai / Guangzhou / Guangdong? Why or why not?


Assignment
Assignment compatible with those in use elsewhere.

Work in group to explore how some parents in England or America or else where teach their children in the early age. What do you think of their ways of such education.


For unit 2
For Unit 2 compatible with those in use elsewhere.

Warm-up Questions:

1. If you should become the richest person in China, what kind of life do you think you would live?

2. Some people believe, “there is only one success --- to be able to spend your own life in your own way”. Do you agree? Give your reasons.


Find in the text
Find in the Text compatible with those in use elsewhere.

What Jamie Beaulieu imagined to see:

1.

2.

3.

4.

What Jamie Beaulieu actually saw:

1.

2.

3.

4.


Find in the text1
Find in the Text compatible with those in use elsewhere.

Details for the character traits of the richest man:

  • free of self-importance

  • friendly and easy-going

  • never flashy

  • hard working

  • generous