Biodiversity in Minnesota Lydia Benning
Wood Duck (Aix Sponsa) • Description: Male: Blue-Green crested head with white stripes Females: Brown with a crest and distinctive white eye ring. • Eats acorns, weed seeds, berries, insects, and plants. • Predators are mink, red-tailed hawks, and humans. • Wood ducks habitat is wooded river bottoms, and wooded pot holes and lakes. • More than 100,000 wood ducks breed in Minnesota. • Fun Facts: Wood ducks are also called woodies, and the wood duck is the only North American duck that regularly produces 2 broods in one year. • Disease: Duck Plague and Avian Influenza
Red Fox (VulpesVulpes) • Description: Known for its rusty red coat, white tipped bushy tail, and black legs, ears, and nose. • Reproduction: Usually mate in February and 52 days later they will have 5-10 pups. • Eats Rats and mice, rabbits, berries, nuts and seeds. • Red foxes compete for space with coyotes, who will kill foxes. • Live in many areas like mature forests to open fields. • The population remains strong. They are the most common predator though. • Hunters and trappers harvest up to 100,000 each year. • A disease called sarcoptic sometimes kills thousands of red foxes. • Fun facts: A red fox can run up to 30mph and can leap 15 feet in a single bound. They are one of a few predators that store food items for future use.
Brown Bullhead (AmeiurusNebulosus) • Description: lacks scales, has four pairs of dark barbels. • Reproduction: They spawn in April through Jane, female lays the eggs and then the male cares for the eggs until they are hatched. • They eat insects, leeches, snails, other fish, clams, and plants. • Predators are walleyes, northern pike and other fish. • They live in lakes with a low oxygen level and turbid water. • The population is abundant in Minnesota. • Fishing for brown bullheads is open all year, limit is 100. • Fun Facts: -Brown bullheads have sharp spines on their dorsal and pectoral fins. -Very tolerant in different water temperatures. -Resistant to domestic and industrial pollution.
Smooth Green Snake (OpheodrysVernalis) • Description: Bright green color, smooth scales. • Reproduction: Mate in the spring, lay 3 to 11 eggs, and it varies for how long it takes her to lay the eggs. • Eats mostly insects and spiders. • Predators are birds of prey, various mammals, and other snakes. • They are found in open areas where grass and shrubs are found. Winters they hibernate in the ground or in rock crevices. • Do not have a protected status in Minnesota. • Fun Facts: -They turn blue after they die. –Should not be kept as pets because they will not eat in captivity so they will die. –Great Climbers.
White Cedar (ThujaOccidetalis) • Description: trunk is often twisted, divided into two or more stems, branches short and nearly horizontal. • Bark: gray to reddish-brown, Separating in long vertical, narrow shredded strips. • Leaf: Scale like, green to yellowish-green, aromatic scent when crushed. • Fruit and seeds: Small, oblong cone ripens in the fall of the first year. • The oil from a white cedar are used in cleaner, hair preparations, room sprays, and soft soap. • The name white cedar came from the light color of the wood.
Leadplant (AmorphaCanescens) • Description: small blue to purplish flowers with a bright orange stems • Fun Fact: -The roots are long, tough, and stringy so the Leadplant got the nickname “Devil’s Shoestrings.” • Blooms: June-August • Uses for the erosion control because of their woody root system.