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Pattern-Oriented Architectures for E-business Systems. C0MP 9117 Software Architecture. 24 th August 2004. Haryanto, David (z3139532) Nyo, Yupar (z3103328) Wang, Xiaowen (z3089932). Agenda. Introduction

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pattern oriented architectures for e business systems

Pattern-Oriented Architectures for E-business Systems

C0MP 9117 Software Architecture

24th August 2004

Haryanto, David (z3139532)

Nyo, Yupar (z3103328)

Wang, Xiaowen (z3089932)

  • Introduction
  • Pattern-Oriented Architecture in e-business domain – the need, challenges and transition.
  • Existing Patterns (IBM, MVC, etc).
  • Case Studies (FutureStep Electronics, Retailers’ Mega Exchange, Artimus).
  • Benefits
  • Future
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Q & A
the beginning of patterns ref 4 7
The Beginning of Patterns [Ref 4, 7]
  • The use of patterns originated in the field of architecture (for buildings, towns design, etc) during late 1970.
  • Moved into Software Engineering field in the early 1990s as a way to describe solutions to recurring problems encountered in architectural design.
pattern oriented software architecture ref 4 8
Pattern-Oriented Software Architecture [Ref 4, 8]
  • Proven and repeatable (reusable) architectures, designs.
  • Address a recurring problem that arises in specific design situations.
  • Observed NOT invented.
  • Document/Capture existing, well-proven design experience and solutions.
  • Support the construction of software with defined properties.
  • Identify and specify abstractions.
  • Help to build and manage complex, heterogeneous software.
  • Patterns are a means of documenting software architectures.
  • Properties of POSA.
challenges problems of e business applications ref 11
Challenges/ Problems of e-business applications [Ref 11]
  • Going beyond traditional enterprise systems
  • Security
  • Performance
  • Availability
  • A need to integrate with existing legacy applications
  • Increased Complexity
  • No room for error
  • Interpretability
  • Time Constraint
the need for pattern oriented architecture in e business ref 8
The Need for Pattern-Oriented Architecture in E-business [Ref 8]

These challenges create needs for Pattern-Oriented Architecture in e-business domain, as POSA’s properties could facilitate them.

  • Recurring problems and similar requirements.
  • Higher degree of integration.

Especially with existing legacy systems for payment, inventory, etc.

  • Quality and Complexity.
  • Need for speed.

Crucial! If a system is delivered significantly faster, the better it is for the business, increasing competitive edge.

  • Reuse of patterns can help the workload, reduce the complexity and enhance the quality. It thus fastens the development.
the need for pattern oriented architecture in e business 2
The Need for Pattern-Oriented Architecture in E-business 2
  • E-business systems have to hold water from day one.[Ref 8]

No room for error with systems that face into the external world. Simply cannot be tolerated. Example : Downtime, Consequence of error for an online mall.

  • Shortage of skills

Growing Area

  • The need for experiences

A need for knowledge base that would help architects and designers with limited skills or experiences. Patterns capture the experts’ knowledge and provide proven solutions.

  • Changing technology
pattern oriented architecture and ebusiness
Pattern-Oriented Architecture and ebusiness
  • “One of the major reasons that e-business systems fail is due to problems with the underlying technical architecture.” – McGrath, Vice President, UK Services, Princeton Softtech. [Ref 6]
  • Solution – Reuse the proven architecture, Pattern-Oriented Architecture
existing patterns
Existing Patterns
  • IBM’s Architecture Patterns for e-business [Ref 8]
  • MVC (Model View Controller Pattern). [Ref 12]
  • Perspective Pattern – Integrate middleware with business models. From Princeton Softech, Subsidiary of Computer Horizon Corp. [Ref 6]
  • Dublo Pattern – To reuse elements of legacy system within multi-tier architectures. From the University of Oldenburg, Germany. [Ref 13]
  • BizArk – A reusable e-business architecture based on pattern-oriented technology. Encompasses main building blocks like CRM, ERP. [Ref 1]
  • And many more….
ibm s patterns for e business application patterns
IBM’s Patterns for E-business : Application Patterns
  • Application patterns – conceptual layouts that describe how the application components and data within a business solution interact.
  • Select the application pattern that fits best, based on the key business and IT drivers.

[Ref 8]

ibm s patterns for e business runtime patterns
IBM’s Patterns for E-business : Runtime Patterns
  • Runtime patterns – used to define the logical middleware structure supporting an Application pattern.
  • Select the best-fitting Runtime pattern based on non-functional requirements (for example, availability, performance, security and scalability).
  • Each Application pattern requires one or more Runtime patterns.

[Ref 8]

case study iii artimus a web based news poster http sourceforge net struts
Case Study III - ArtimusA web-based news poster (
  • Implement MVC and Layer pattern [Ref 4].
  • Benefit of MVC and Layer pattern.
  • Flexibility to add new component (Lucene search engine component).













Search Engine

  • [Ref 4]
benefits ref 7 8
Benefits [Ref 7, 8]
  • Reusability
  • Greater productivity
  • Enable to use existing skills and proven solutions/architectures
  • Capture the specific knowledge of the most skilled architects within an organization.
  • Retain business and technology knowledge from IT staff that would otherwise disappear once a skilled member leaves the organization
  • Rapid implementation, faster approach.
  • More predictability than those produced by incremental approach.
benefits 2
Benefits 2
  • Mass customization
  • More cost effective
  • Focus on “what to build” rather than “how to build it”.
  • High quality e-business applications in less time.
  • Address non-functional properties. (E.g. Broker Architecture address interoperability. [Ref 4, pg. 407])
  • Easing workload.
  • Achieve all these without burning out a reduced workforce.
growing areas future of patterns and e business applications
Growing Areas/Future of Patterns and e-business applications
  • E-business oriented pattern language – a set of patterns that allow the composition and arrangement of prefabricated patterns and components to build e-business applications.
  • Support and training for finding and selecting appropriate patterns.
  • Evaluations and improvements of POSA in e-business domain.
  • To further the use and development of Pattern-Oriented Architecture in e-business domain.
  • No longer “build as you go”.
  • No longer a choice between “buy or build”.
  • Build, buy, rent, connect or any combination. [Ref 8]
  • Do more with little in tough economic conditions. Reusability.
  • Craftsmanship to Industrialization by learning to customize, reuse, and follow the patterns to produce similar but distinct applications.
  • That’s what Pattern-Oriented Architecture offers.
  • A. Touir, H. Mathkour, T. Al-Naeem, BizArk : A Reusable E-business Architecture based on Pattern-Oriented Technology, Computer Systems and Applications, 2003.
  • D. Manolescu, A. Kunzle, Several Patterns for e-Business Applicaiton,2001.
  • D. Bohinc, Patterns in Software Architecture, Synergy International Limited, 2003.
  • F. Buschmann, R. Meunier, H. Rohnert, P. Sommerlad, M. Stal, Pattern-Oriented Software Architecture : A System of Patterns, John Wiley and Sons, 2001.
  • G. Vasudeva, Patterns for e-business : Leveraging Architectural Patterns in Defining Enterprise Architecture and Solution Architecture , IBM, 2003.
  • R. McGrath, R. Sparks, PRINCETON SOFTECH:Princeton Softech enables fast, high quality ebusiness development, M2 Presswire, Coventry, March 15 2000, pg. 1.
  • T. Blankers, Combining models and patterns: delivering on the promise of increased IT productivity, Java Developer’s Journal, July 2003 v8 i7 pS1(4).
references 2
References 2
  • J. Adams, S. Koushik, G. Vasudeva, G. Galambos, Patterns for e-business- A Strategy for Reuse, IBM Press, August 2001.
  • J. Adams, S. Koushik, G. Vasudeva, G. Galambos, Patterns for e-business- An Executive Overview, IBM, August 2001.
  • J. Adams, Patterns for e-business in Practice, IBM, November,2001.
  • M. Butler, Patterns for e-business – continued evolution, IBM, Butler Direct Limited, July 2001.
  • P. Gopalan, IBM ebusiness : Technology, Solution and Design Overview, Chapter 2, “E- business concepts and technologies”, IBM, 2003.
  • W. Hasselbring, R. .Reussner, The Dublo Architecture Pattern for Smooth Migration of Business Information Systems : An Experience Report, Proceedings of the 26th International Conference on Software Engineering (ICSE ’04), 0270-5257,2004.
questions and answers
Questions and Answers

Any Question?