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Experiences with right-based empowerment of the right holders Christian Friis Bach International DirectorDanChurchAid, member of actalliance
Empowerment – Denmark in 1797 Source: Patienternes Rigshospital, Anne Løkke, 2007 For dinner each patient at the National Hospital had a right to soup (¾ litre), beef (125 gram), bread (250 g) and beer (½ litre) To avoid fraud and to ensure the right of the patients two steps where taken: A detailed menu was posted in each room and a weight-scale so that they could control it themselves.
Russian rights • Lobby for reform of “propiska” system • Shadow reports to the UN Committee on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights
Information and public interest litigation in India • Public interest litigation: Right to Food campaign • Awareness-raising and monitoring: National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, Public Distribution System, Mid-day Meals • Training womens groups in using the Right-to-Information Act Indien 2001-
Countdown in Ethiopia • The Ethiopian Civil Society Network on Climate Change • 40 different civil society organisation members. • Raising awareness • Capacity Building • Experience sharing and documentation • Action oriented research • 29.109 petition cards signed by Ethiopian women, children, men, elders, farmers, pastoralists
Rights-based approaches in practice Duty bearers • A focus on human rights standards, mechanisms and strategies • A focus on structural and root causes • A focus on equality and non-discrimination • A focus on empowerment and participation • A focus on advocacy and accountability Right-holders
Rights Gender Discrimination Microcredit Green Challenges • NGO laws imposing restrictions • Difference in donor/organisation strategies – from handouts to rights • Too political for some donors and partners – limited fundraising • Difficult to communicate • Too complex – need for innovative “empowerment” methodologies • Difficult to show and measure concrete results • Still most common with focus on civil and political rights
From ”projectitis” ….. Government Danida Parliament USAID Ministry of Health Ministry of Agriculture Ministry of .. SIDA Regional level World Bank Local level Red Cross OXFAM ChristianAid Local partners DanChurchAid
Right-based approaches Civil Society Organisations Local partners … to governance and rights-based approaches Regering Budget support and good governance Danida Parliament World Bank Ministry of Health Ministry of Agriculture Ministry of .. SIDA Regional level USAID Local level
Democratic dilemmas Democracy-index: Light blue > 9 Black < 2 Source: Economist 2007
Rights-based approaches • From services and hand-outsto rights, advoacay and empowernment • From projects to partners • From working alene to working in alliances • From upwards accountability to downwards accountability
I 1797 … Source: Patienternes Rigshospital, Anne Løkke, 2007