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Global 10 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Global 10
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  1. Global 10 Test 3.2 Review

  2. Marshall Plan • Plan whose purpose was to help Europe rebuild after WWII

  3. Cold War • The name for the ideological competition between the US and USSR: Democracy vs. Communism

  4. Nuclear • Concern for this type of war deterred the US and USSR from engaging in battle

  5. NATO • Formed in 1949 as a mutual defense pact

  6. Containment • Name for the US policy of trying to stop the spread of communism

  7. Warsaw Pact • Communist counterpart to NATO; formed in 1955

  8. Satellites • Status of most East European countries after WWII

  9. Stalin, Khrushchev, Brezhnev, Gorbachev, Yeltsin, Putin • Leaders (6) of Soviet Union after Lenin

  10. Berlin Wall • Built to prevent East Germans from escaping to West Germany

  11. Arms Race • Expensive competition for weapons superiority during cold war

  12. Perestroika • Gorbachev’s program to improve the efficiency of the Soviet economy

  13. Coup • Word that means a sudden overthrow of a government

  14. Gorbachev • Soviet leader who increased freedom of expression and free enterprise (capitalism), and whose programs caused cold war tensions to decrease

  15. Glasnost • Russian word for “openness;” a program of Gorbachev

  16. Fall of Berlin Wall; Reunification • Two events in Germany that symbolized the end of the cold war

  17. Communist • Political Party that dominates the Chinese government

  18. Great Leap Forward • Mao’s program whose goal was to increase industrial and agricultural production

  19. Cultural Revolution • Chinese program (1960s) to promote and glorify Mao

  20. One-Child Policy • Policy enacted in the late 70s/early 80s in China to deal with overpopulation

  21. Peasants • Support from this group helped the Bolsheviks and Chinese Communists to be successful in their revolutions

  22. Overpopulation • Lack of housing, difficulty in meeting people’s needs, and the one-child policy are all caused by this problem

  23. A Pro-Democracy Protest • What took place in Tiananmen Square in 1989?

  24. Oil • Natural resource that is one of Japan’s most critical needs; imports over 90% from Middle East

  25. Favorable Balance of Trade • Exports greater than imports

  26. United States • Nation that gave economic aid to Japan to create an ally against communism

  27. Pol Pot • Hitler’s “Final Solution” can be compared to this leader’s actions in Cambodia

  28. Domino Theory • Name for the theory that if one nation became communist, others around it would also

  29. Vietnam • The US underestimation of the determination of its enemy was a reason for failure in this war (1960s/70s)