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Space, a Force Multiplier in a Network-Enabled Environment May, 2010 Linda Reiners Vice President Lockheed Martin Space This presentation includes “basic marketing information on function or purpose or general system descriptions” as defined in theITAR (Sec. 120.10, Article (5) and Sec. 120.11) and therefore is not controlled ITAR information. This document is not a proposal or offer.
New paradigms and systems needed for the 21st century • Transition from stovepiped platforms and circuit-switched communications to network centric architectures • Increased emphasis on standard interfaces to achieve joint interoperability for U.S. and allies • Increased reliance on satellite-based remote sensing and increased use of advanced sensors • Affordability requires shared technology development byU. S. and allies • Integrated architectures with space, UAVs, air and ground tied together with information management technologies Space systems provide an essential complement to air and ground assets in remote sensing, communications and navigation
Elements of Space Enabled Regional Defense Detect/Track (early) Threat Analyze Locate Information Gathering Credit: NASA Dr. Short’s Remote Sensing Tour Navigation Early Warning Detect/Track Interoperate Launch Ship and Ground-Based Radars and Air Sensors Communications Detect/Track Target Engage Missile Defense
Regional Security Phases • Phase 1: Information Gathering (Remote Sensing) • Detect and analyze potential threat • Monitor threat & intent • Indications and warning • Phase 2: Early Warning (Space-Based) • Detect launch and generate trajectory • Focus sea- and land-based tracking assets for early acquisition • Phase 3: Engage • Track, target and launch defensive missiles; engage target Space capabilities are a critical part of an integrated Net-Centric Security Architecture
Phase 1: Space-Based Remote Sensing- Monitor & Understand Threats Credit: Space Imaging Credit: NASA Dr. Short’s Remote Sensing Tour IKONOS Supplying over 2,000,000 Images Since 1999
Missile Warning / Missile Defense Missile Warning / Missile Defense OPIR Sensor OPIR Sensor Battlespace Awareness Theater Theater Space Space Phase 2: Space-Based Infrared Missions • Missile Warning (MW) • Early and reliable reporting to all Users • Precise threat Launch and Impact Point determination for accurate Attack Assessment • Missile Defense (MD) • Alerts start kill chains for attack & intercept • Launch locations ID’ed for attack • Missile Burnout state vector cues MD systems to intercept inbound threats • Battlespace Awareness (BA) • Rapid updates for new insight on battlefield • Allows more efficient resource management • Technical Intelligence (TI) • Infrared sensors detect valuable information to characterize threats and tactics • Orbital persistence & wide area collection for evolving threat development Technical Intelligence • Missile characterization • Space object signaturesand characteristics • Phenomenology • Other target data IR Intensity Event Duration Mission data processing and dissemination enables all 4 Space-Based Early Warning missions
Space-Based Early Warning Functions • Acquire In Boost Phase – Provides Launch Warning • Track to Near Booster Burnout – Provides State Vector • Transmit Messages to C2BMC and GFC • Support Radar Cueing and MD Radar Range Extension Space-Based Sensor Mission Control Station Intercept IR-Cued Tracking Beam Interceptor Reduced Range Search Beam Ballistic Missile Boost Phase Launch Point Attack BMDS C2BMC and GMD Fire Control Sites Ground-Based Radar • Space-Based Early Warning Messages • Launch Warning • State Vector Phase 3: Space Support to Missile Defense Engagement
SATCOM-Based Internet Paradigm Provides Connectivity firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com Integrated Telecommunications Network firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com
A Tiered Approach to Global Communications Systems Provides Interoperability DSCS Milstar AEHF MUOS AEHF Block II International/Other Iridium Next
GPS System Overview Program Facts • 24-satellite constellation/ 34 on-orbit • 6 Orbital Planes, Min of 4 Satellites/Plane • Semi-Synch Orbit (20,200 km / 10,900 miles) • Launched from Cape Canaveral on Delta II/EELV • First launch 1978; FOC 1995 • Prime Contractors • Boeing - II, IIA and IIF • Lockheed Martin - IIR, IIR-M and III Program Description • Space-based radio-navigation system • Satellites broadcast precise time signals to allow users to estimate their own position, velocity, and time • Two levels of service • Standard Positioning Service (SPS) • Precise Positioning Service (PPS) Current/Future Constellation • 34 satellites / 31 healthy to users (As of Jan 1, 2010) • 15 IIA • 3 inactive spares; set to test mode (LADO) • 12 IIR + 7 IIR-M • 12 satellites on the watch list • 12 IIF • planned launch starting in 2009 • increased capabilities • 32 III • planned launch starting in 2014 • increased capabilities GPS Provides World-wide Location and Timing Information
Lockheed Martin Summary • Providing space and missile systems for five decades • Satellite communications • Strategic missile programs • Missile defense systems • Surveillance and navigation • Remote sensing and exploration systems • Human spaceflight • Applying advanced technology solutions to meet our Customer’s security and information needs • Mission Success and Operational Excellence
PIRA SSC201003010_17 Mar 2010 K0937861_SSC_Overview 12