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Landscape Planning and Design. Learning Objectives. List the 2 key goals of landscaping. Describe the 3 basic elements of landscape design. List and describe the 5 principles of design. Describe the steps in planning a landscape. Describe considerations in selecting plants for a landscape.

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Landscape Planning and Design


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    1. Landscape Planning and Design

    2. Learning Objectives • List the 2 key goals of landscaping. • Describe the 3 basic elements of landscape design. • List and describe the 5 principles of design. • Describe the steps in planning a landscape. • Describe considerations in selecting plants for a landscape.

    3. What is Landscape Design? • Key Goals • Aesthetics (beauty) • Function • Beauty and Function determined by the customer • Indoor landscaping is called ‘Interiorscaping’

    4. Aesthetic Goals • Enhance attractiveness and human enjoyment • Increase property values • Soften the edges of built structures

    5. Functional Goals • Provide privacy • Control traffic flow • Screen out unsightly elements • Modify environmental factors • Windbreaks • Shade • Temperature insulation • Recreation • Reduce noise, glare and environmental pollution

    6. Landscape Professionals • Landscape Architect • Landscape Designer • Landscape Contractor • Nursery Professional • Landscape Maintenance Supervisor

    7. Elements of Landscape Design • Color • Warm vs. cool • Flowers vs. leaves • Seasonal • Texture • Smooth vs. rough • Coarse vs. fine • Form • Shape • Horizontal vs. vertical

    8. Design Principles • Unity • Balance • Focalization • Rhythm and line • Scale or proportion

    9. Residential Landscapes • Needs assessment • Site Analysis • Preliminary design: • Public area • Private area • Service and utility area Private Area Public Area

    10. Plant Selection • Climate • Temperature • Moisture • Soil pH • Sunlight • Features at maturity • Maintenance level • Customer preferences

    11. Site Analysis & Planting Plans • Plant spacing • Location of built structures • List of scientific name of plants • Quantity of each • Size of each plant • Planting plans are a means of communication between designer and contractor.

    12. Sample Partial Plant List

    13. Perspective Sketch • Drawing that depicts the landscape visually before it is completed • Great to show a customer for review

    14. The Outdoor Room Concept • Corner planting • Demarcates the corners of the “outdoor room” • Foundation planting • Usually low-growing • Shortest plants below windows • Line planting • Along property lines • May act as screen • Accent planting • Specimen plants

    15. Other Considerations • Formal vs. informal • Access and movement • Budget • Usually 5 to 20% of the cost of the home • Reduce costs by using plants in smaller sizes • Irrigation system • Plan for installation in “phases” • Landscape looks put-together • Spread cost over several years

    16. Review Questions • The two main goals of landscaping include aesthetic and ___________ considerations. • The three main elements of landscape design are color, texture and __________. • Two common mistakes in design include overplanting and not accounting for plant ____ at maturity.