Circe, Calypso & Ino. Scheming Enchantress, Concealer of Men & Flashing Gull By Michelle K. Odysseus’ Travels. Circe - #7 Calypso - #12. Goddess & Sorceress Island of Aeaea Daughter of Helios & Perse Possesses power for spiritual purification. Circe offering Odysseus a cup of wine.
Scheming Enchantress, Concealer of Men & Flashing Gull
By Michelle K
Circe - #7
Calypso - #12
Painting of Circe turning Odysseus’ men into swine.
This is a black figure vase from C. 4th century BCE. This Greek vase shows Circe offering Odysseus the distorted wine. Notice the dagger in Odysseus’ right hand, which he will use to threaten Circe as Hermes advised. To the right of Circe is a weaving loom, which in Greek culture was a skill that women were expected to master. It suggests that this is something that Circe excels at. The way Odysseus is portrayed as an old, weak-looking man is interesting, as his appearance is usually very appealing with distinct, young features. It is possible the artist decided to portray him this way to represent his miserable state from his years of endless traveling. In Ancient Greece, the type of hat Odysseus is wearing is known as a traveling hat, which for the purposes of this vase, marks him as a wanderer. Also, it is interesting that the shape of the cup Circe has in her hands, is the same exact shape as the vase that the art it self was created on.
In this illustration Odysseus is threatening Circe with his sword. On the floor is the wine vase that contained the distorted wine she offered him. Notice Circe’s facial expression and body language. She looks sweet as if she is asking for mercy and using her charm to make Odysseus drop his sword. Clearly Odysseus is portrayed very differently in this drawing, compared to the previous black figure vase. In this illustration he is in his armor looking young and brave.
Odysseus & Circe
Black figure cup depicting Circe turning Odysseus’ men into swine. (550-525 BC): Many of the men begin turning into animals as Circe stirs her potion and continues serving it. We can see several men already changing, as one man has a boars head, and another man has the head and neck of a lion. It is interesting to see the man on the far right (still a man) looking as if he is escaping as he looks over his shoulder. Perhaps this is Eurylochus. A dog sits below Circe, possibly a man that has already been transformed, or maybe just a loyal pet of Circe’s.
Ino & Dionysis II
Ino nursing Dionysis II.
This terra-cotta sculpture depicts Phrixus on the golden ram. Notice the fish below the front hooves of the ram. They probably represent that the ram is flying over the sea.
Post-classical panting by an Italian artist, Tibaldo
3 handled water jar
(C. 390 - 380 BC)
Black figure vase depicting Odysseus & Circe
And pining away. I’m sending you home.
Look, here’s a bronze axe. Cut some long timbers
And make yourself a raft fitted with topdecks,
Something that will get you across the sea’s misty spaces.
I’ll stock it with fresh water, food and red wine-
Hearty provisions that will stave off hunger - and
I’ll clothe you well and send you a following wind
To bring you home safely to your own native land,
If such is the will of the gods of high heaven,
Whose minds and powers are stronger than mine.”
-Calypso (Book 5, lines 160 - 170, pg.74-75, Lombardo translation)
Terracotta Phrixus Sculpture / Phrixus & Ino vase:
Precourt, B. Mythology. 2004. 14 Feb. 2005 <www.uwn.edu/course/mythology/1000/oedipus.htm>.
Calypso Statue / Ino & Dionysis II pic:
Parada, Carlos. Greek Mythology Link. 14 Feb. 2005 <www.uwn.edu/course/mythology/1000/oedipus.htm>
Calypso & Odysseus vase:
Good, Walter. 14 Feb. 2005 <www.paeonia.ch/hist/daph/uk/kunst/CALYPSOE.htm>.
Circe & Odysseus Vase:
The Odyssey Online. 15 Feb. 2005 <rhapsodes.homestaead.com/odyssey.html>.
Ino & Odysseus Painting & Circe/Odysseus Vase:
Other Adventures of Odysseus. 15 Feb. 2005 <ccwf.cc.utexas.edu/.../Odyssey/adventures.html>.
Circe & Odysseus Drawing:
Hamilton, Edith. Edith Hamilton’s Mythology. New York: Little Brown & Company, 1999
Locke, . 2002. The Odyssey. 15 Feb. 2005 <www.mrlocke.net/English one/Epic/>.
Circe In Greek Mythology. 15 Feb. 2005 <waltm.net/Circe.htm>.
Circe & Odysseus vase:
Due Hackney, Casey. January 2004. Greek Art and Archaeology. 15 Feb. 2005 <www.uh.edu/~cldue/3397/odyssey_lecture.html>.
Circe & Odysseus Vase:
22 August 2001. Index of Classics & Art Museum Mythology. 15 Feb. 2005 <www.beloit.edu/. ../Odyssey>.
Circe & Odysseus’ men painting:
The Isle of Circe. 15 Feb. 2005 <www.auburn.edu/.../gainey/homer/circe.html>.
Circe Enchants Odysseus' Crew. 15 Feb. 2005 <http://www.philipresheph.com/demodokos/odyssey/pic80.htm>.
Joe, Jimmy. Classical Mythology. 1999. Timeless Myths. 15 Feb. 2005 <http://www.timelessmyths.com/classical/beasts.html>.
Hecate Goddess of Magic. 15 Feb. 2005 <http://www.linsdomain.com/gods&goddesses/hecate.htm>.
Design Ino. Independent Marine Design. 15 Feb. 2005<http://www.designino.com/>.
The University of Vermont. 2003. 15 Feb. 2005 <http://www.uvm.edu/~classics/?Page=mainpagelinks/ambrose.html>.
Phrixus & Ram Drawing:
Wilkes, Diane. 1998. 15 Feb. 2005 <http://www.tarotpassages.com/bursten12.htm>.
Helle & Phrixus sculpture:
Fairbanks, Avard. Fairbanks Art & Books. 2003. 15 Feb. 2005 <http://www.fairbanksartbooks.com/FantasySculpture.html>.