Day 123: The War to End War. Baltimore Polytechnic Institute March 14 , 2014 A/A.P. U.S. History Mr. Green. The War to End War. Objectives: Students will: Explain what caused America to enter World War I.
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Baltimore Polytechnic Institute
March 14, 2014
A/A.P. U.S. History
Objectives: Students will:
Explain what caused America to enter World War I.
Describe how Wilsonian idealism turned the war into an ideological crusade for democracy that inspired public fervor and suppressed dissent.
Discuss America’s mobilization for war and its reliance primarily on voluntary methods rather than government force.
Explain the consequences of World War I for labor, women, and African Americans.
Describe America’s participation in the War, and explain why its economic and political importance exceeded its military contribution to the Allied victory and German defeat.
With U.S.-German relations strained, what is left of the rapport erodes with the disclosure of the Zimmerman telegram in March 1917. In it, the German government promises that if Mexico agrees to an alliance with Germany, it will regain the territory it lost to the U.S. in the Mexican-American War. The following month, President Wilson asks and receives from Congress a declaration of war. Opposition to U.S. entry into the war is strong in the Midwest and Southwest; the Zimmerman telegram, however, infuriates residents of Texas, Arizona, and New Mexico.
Entering World War I in response to Germany’s unrestricted submarine warfare, Wilson turned America’s participation into a fervent ideological crusade for democracy that successfully stirred the public to a great voluntary war effort, but at some cost to traditional civil liberties.
After America’s limited but important contribution to the Allied victory, a triumphant Wilson attempted to construct a peace based on his idealistic Fourteen Points. But European and senatorial opposition, and especially his own political errors, doomed American ratification of the Versailles Treaty and participation in the League of Nations.
Test Monday March 17
Election Charts for 1900-1912 Due next week!!!
ID’s due Monday
Decades Chart for 1910s due Tuesday
The students will be able to analyze the impact of the Great War on the American public by describing the outcomes for U.S. participation in the Great War
Economic mobilization began voluntarily
Government took greater control as war dragged on
Food Administration-Herbert Hoover
Congress restricted foodstuffs for alcohol production
Fuel Administration copied Hoover’s ideas
4 liberty bond drives-2/3 of the cost
Increased taxes for the rest
$112 billion the final cost
War Industries Board
production quotas, allocated raw materials, set prices on government purchases, railroads, time-daylight savings
A large American force was needed
Conscription raised the American force
passed six weeks after declaring war
only people in key industries-shipbuilding
Effective American forces arrived in France a year after declaration
Small operations in Belgium, Italy, and Russia
Germany pushed hard in spring of 1918
Supreme Commander-French marshal Foch
Americans met Germans at Chateau-Thierry
1st U.S. battle in a European war
Second Battle of the Marne-counteroffensive
marked beginning of German withdrawal
Pershing wanted a separate army
Meuse-Argonne offensive-Sept 26-Nov. 11, 1918
1.2 million U.S. troops
Kaiser leaves Germany
Armistice-11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month in the year 1918
9 million soldiers died
20 million suffered grievous wounds
30 million people died from flu epidemic in 1918-1919
Americans only fought 2 battles in last 2 months of war
Prospects of endless troops
Wilson lost the 1918 mid-terms
Wilson took no Republican to Europe during the peace process
Wilson kept at arms length by European leaders
Big 4-Italy, France, U.S., Britain
January 18,1919-Conference Opens
Red scare moving west
League of Nations
Wilson had to fight the Senate on the treaty
Treaty of Versailles
Henry Cabot Lodge wanted to Americanize the treaty
used delay tactics
Wilson went public
Sept. 25, 1919-Wilson collapsed, then had a stroke 3 days later
Read Chapter 30
Prepare for 5 question quiz on