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Day 123: The War to End War. Baltimore Polytechnic Institute March 14 , 2014 A/A.P. U.S. History Mr. Green. The War to End War. Objectives: Students will: Explain what caused America to enter World War I.

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Day 123 the war to end war

Day 123: The War to End War

Baltimore Polytechnic Institute

March 14, 2014

A/A.P. U.S. History

Mr. Green

The war to end war
The War to End War

Objectives: Students will:

Explain what caused America to enter World War I.

Describe how Wilsonian idealism turned the war into an ideological crusade for democracy that inspired public fervor and suppressed dissent.

Discuss America’s mobilization for war and its reliance primarily on voluntary methods rather than government force.

Explain the consequences of World War I for labor, women, and African Americans.

Describe America’s participation in the War, and explain why its economic and political importance exceeded its military contribution to the Allied victory and German defeat.

AP Focus

With U.S.-German relations strained, what is left of the rapport erodes with the disclosure of the Zimmerman telegram in March 1917. In it, the German government promises that if Mexico agrees to an alliance with Germany, it will regain the territory it lost to the U.S. in the Mexican-American War. The following month, President Wilson asks and receives from Congress a declaration of war. Opposition to U.S. entry into the war is strong in the Midwest and Southwest; the Zimmerman telegram, however, infuriates residents of Texas, Arizona, and New Mexico.

Chapter focus
Chapter Focus

Chapter Themes

Entering World War I in response to Germany’s unrestricted submarine warfare, Wilson turned America’s participation into a fervent ideological crusade for democracy that successfully stirred the public to a great voluntary war effort, but at some cost to traditional civil liberties.

After America’s limited but important contribution to the Allied victory, a triumphant Wilson attempted to construct a peace based on his idealistic Fourteen Points. But European and senatorial opposition, and especially his own political errors, doomed American ratification of the Versailles Treaty and participation in the League of Nations.


Test Monday March 17

Election Charts for 1900-1912 Due next week!!!

ID’s due Monday

Decades Chart for 1910s due Tuesday


The students will be able to analyze the impact of the Great War on the American public by describing the outcomes for U.S. participation in the Great War

Forging a war economy
Forging a War Economy

Economic mobilization began voluntarily

Government took greater control as war dragged on

Food Administration-Herbert Hoover

wheatless Wednesdays

meatless Tuesday

victory gardens

Congress restricted foodstuffs for alcohol production

Fuel Administration copied Hoover’s ideas

4 liberty bond drives-2/3 of the cost

Increased taxes for the rest

$112 billion the final cost

War Industries Board

production quotas, allocated raw materials, set prices on government purchases, railroads, time-daylight savings

Making plowboys into doughboys
Making Plowboys into Doughboys

A large American force was needed

Conscription raised the American force

passed six weeks after declaring war


no subs

only people in key industries-shipbuilding

337,000 escaped

4,000 CO’s

African-Americans-”construction battalions”


Fighting in france belatedly
Fighting in France-Belatedly

Effective American forces arrived in France a year after declaration

Small operations in Belgium, Italy, and Russia

America helps hammer the hun
America Helps Hammer the “Hun”

Germany pushed hard in spring of 1918

Supreme Commander-French marshal Foch

Americans met Germans at Chateau-Thierry

1st U.S. battle in a European war

Second Battle of the Marne-counteroffensive

marked beginning of German withdrawal

Pershing wanted a separate army

Meuse-Argonne offensive-Sept 26-Nov. 11, 1918

1.2 million U.S. troops

14 points disarm germany
14 points disarm Germany

Kaiser leaves Germany

Armistice-11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month in the year 1918

9 million soldiers died

20 million suffered grievous wounds

30 million people died from flu epidemic in 1918-1919

Americans only fought 2 battles in last 2 months of war

Prospects of endless troops

Wilson steps down from olympus
Wilson Steps Down from Olympus

Wilson lost the 1918 mid-terms

Wilson took no Republican to Europe during the peace process

An idealist amid the imperialists
An Idealist Amid the Imperialists

Wilson kept at arms length by European leaders

Big 4-Italy, France, U.S., Britain

January 18,1919-Conference Opens

Red scare moving west

League of Nations



Wilson had to fight the Senate on the treaty

Treaty of Versailles

Henry Cabot Lodge wanted to Americanize the treaty

used delay tactics

Wilson went public

Sept. 25, 1919-Wilson collapsed, then had a stroke 3 days later


Read Chapter 30

Prepare for 5 question quiz on