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Mexicano Contributions to the Southwest. Chapter 17 Pgs. 233 - 243. 17.1 Introduction. The United States adopted many things from the Mexican heritage Heritage (tradition)- something that is passed down from previous generations. 17.2 Mexicano Mining Contributions. Gold Mining :

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17 1 introduction
17.1 Introduction
  • The United States adopted many things from the Mexican heritage
  • Heritage (tradition)- something that is passed down from previous generations
17 2 mexicano mining contributions
17.2 Mexicano Mining Contributions

Gold Mining:

Mexicans gave Americans the:

  • Batea: The gold pan
  • Riffle box: Separated mud and gold
  • Arrastra: Crushed rocks so gold could be removed
17 2 continued
17.2 Continued…

Silver and Copper Mining:

  • Henry Comstock found silver in Nevada
  • Americans looked for Mexicans for help when they mined for copper in Arizona
17 3 cattle ranching
17.3 Cattle Ranching
  • Cattle were very thin with long horns

The Rancho:

  • The main products produced on Ranchos were: meat hides and tallow (lard)
  • Vaqueros (Cowboys) worked there
17 3 continued
17.3 Continued…

The Roundup:

  • Vaqueros most important jobs were rodeo and branding
  • They branded to see and show which cattle was theirs so no one would steal them
  • This is still done in today’s cattle farming!
17 4 the cowboy
17.4 The Cowboy
  • American cowboys gained their skills from the Mexican Vaqueros

Cowboy Clothes and Gear:

  • Cowboy hats = sombreros
  • Cowboys chaps = chaperreras
  • Cowboys boots = botas
  • Cowboys ponchos
  • Vaqueros created the horn on the saddle
  • Vaqueros also created the la riat
17 4 continued
17.4 Continued…

Cowboy Lingo:

  • The terms Americans Cowboys use come from Spanish Words
  • Example: Ranch came from Rancho
  • Who did American cowboys gain their skills from?
  • Describe what Spanish cattle looked like?
  • What did Vaqueros do to their cattle to show that they belonged to them?
  • Vaquero is Spanish for what English word?
  • Something that is passed down from past generations is called a what?
  • Draw Cowgirl Buzz and label the 5 items that she got from the Mexican Vaqueros.
  • What were the three things that the Mexicans gave to Americans during the gold rush?
  • When the Spanish came to Mexico what did they find instead of gold?
17 5 sheep raising
17.5 Sheep Raising

Two types of sheep raised:

1) Merios

2) Churros

The Spanish Sheep Raising System:

  • Americans started raising sheep when they saw how much money could make

Americans adopt the Spanish System:

  • Because of increased sheep raising American wool production went from 5 to 22 Million pounds of wool in 18 years
17 6 irrigated farming
17.6 Irrigated Farming
  • When the farmers moved west they had to use irrigation because it did not rain as much as the East

The Mexican Style of Irrigation:

  • They brought water from streams by creating dams
  • They would fill up a square of crops with water and when was filled they would make a hole to spread the water to the next square of crops
17 6 continued
17.6 Continued…

America’s Fruit Basket:

  • Mexicanos introduced Americans to many fruits that could not be produced in the East
  • Grapes, Olives, Apples, Peaches, Lemons, Limes, and Oranges
17 7 mexican food
17.7 Mexican Food

The Food Revolution:

  • Spanish came to Mexico for gold but instead found Indian Food
  • Corn, Tomatoes, Chocolate, Peanuts, Vanilla, Beans, Squash, Avocados, Coconuts, Sunflower Seeds, and Chili Peppers
  • Spain took foods from Mexico, but also brought some of theirs
17 7 continued
17.7 Continued…

A New Style of Cooking:

  • When they combined Spanish and Indian food came up with Mexican food
  • When Americans adopted Mexican food to their culture started combining it with American foods called “Tex-Mex”
  • When farmers moved west, why did they use irrigation systems?
  • What were the two types of Spanish sheep?
  • What two types of food were combined in order to make Mexican food?
  • When Americans combined their food with Mexican food it became known as what?
  • What was the main reason that the Spanish started raising sheep?
  • In a paragraph explain how the Mexicano irrigation system works.
17 8 spanish style architecture
17.8 Spanish-style Architecture
  • Homes were created to suit hot, dry climates of Southwest

Adobe Building:

  • Wood was hard to get a hold of so used adobe bricks
  • Adobe: mixture of earth, grass, and water baked in the sun
  • Covered homes with red clay tiles
  • Most homes had a patio and a veranda
  • Newcomers adopt the Spanish Style
17 8 continued
17.8 Continued…

Advantages of Adobe Houses:

  • Cooler in summer and warmer in winter
  • Can be made from local materials
  • 1930’s nearly 1 million adobes were made
  • Homes, court-houses, trading post, and post offices
17 9 mexican laws
17.9 Mexican Laws
  • American Legal tradition came from English Law
  • Mexicano Legal tradition came from Spanish Law

Mining Law:

  • Because of all of the miners, America came up with the “laws of the mines” based on the Mexican mining laws
  • These laws moved throughout America
17 9 continued
17.9 Continued…

Water Law:

  • East Law: Water that was on a farm or moved through a farm was that farmer’s water and could be used anyway they wanted
  • Mexican/West Law: water belonged to everyone and anyone could use it
17 9 continued1
17.9 Continued…

Community Property Law:

  • East Law: Anything that a woman “owned” belonged to her husband
  • Mexican/West Law: “Community Property” anything that a couple owns will be split in half if that couple separates
  • This law still is in most Western U.S. States
17 10 mexicano entertainments
17.10 Mexicano Entertainments

Music and Dancing:

  • Mexicano music influenced country and western music in the Southwest
  • Most important influence was the Corridor (A dramatic story accompanied by guitars)
  • Mexican dances have also influenced America ( La Bamba, Fanadango, and Jota)
17 10 continued
17.10 Continued…

Fiestas and Rodeos:

  • Largest religious fiesta is the one that honors Our Lady of Guadalupe, the patron saint of Mexico
  • Largest celebrated holiday is El Cinco de Mayo (the Fifth of May)
  • Rodeos are a big part of Mexican tradition and that has also spread into American culture
  • What is the largest celebrated holiday in Mexico?
  • In order to make an Adobe brick, what three materials are needed?
  • What are the two advantages of an Adobe house?
  • Adobe homes were created to suit what types of climates in the Southwest?
  • Who have Mexican dances influenced?
  • The Largest Religious holiday in Mexico is to honor Our Lady of what?
  • In a paragraph please explain the difference between the Water Laws in the East and the Mexican /West.
  • In a paragraph please explain the difference between the Community Property Laws in the East and the Mexican/West.