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开放英语 Ⅰ⑴. ------ 许秋君 EMAIL: icy0912@yahoo.com.cn Tel: 13738830535. Unit1 Talking about people. Aims:. 1 、动词 to be ( p3 ). I am a student. You are a student. He\She is a student. We are students. You are students. They are students.

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slide1

开放英语Ⅰ⑴

------许秋君

EMAIL: icy0912@yahoo.com.cn

Tel: 13738830535

slide4

1、动词to be(p3)

Iam a student.

You are a student.

He\Sheis a student.

We are students.

You arestudents.

They are students.

slide5

否定句:

I amnota student.

You arenota student.

He\Sheis not a student.

We arenot students.

You are notstudents.

They are not students.

slide6

一般疑问句:

Areyou a student? Yes, I am.\No, I am not.

Is he a student? Yes, he is.\No, he is not.

Are you students? Yes, we are.\No, we are not.

Are they students? Yes, they are.\No, they are not.

slide7

特殊疑问句:

What is your name? My name is George.

Where are you from? I am from Ningbo.

How old are you? I am 26 years old.

slide8

缩略形式:

I’m a student.

He’s a teacher.

They’re workers.

We’re friends.

slide9

2、不定冠词a\an(p3)

I ama manager\teacher\student\worker.

I am an accountant\engineer\editor.

slide10

不定冠词的基本用法

不定冠词主要用在可数名词单数前,表示:

1)“一个”

Rome was not built in a day.

I can only carry two at a time.

She is a friend of mine.

2)“某一个”(=a certain)

A car is waiting at the gate.

He was born in a small city in Zhejiang.

slide11

3、与work连用的介词

work for, work at, work in, work with

I work with Mary in the same office.

I work for a bank.

I work at a school.

I work in Ningbo.

slide12

4、代词

人称代词用于代替人或物:

slide13

I am David.

You work in London.

He\She is from China.

We are teachers.

They are my parents.

It is my dog.

slide15

My name is David.

Your job is in London.

His\Her parents are from Italy.

Our house is very large.

Their parents live in a little village.

Its name is Mary.

slide16

5、在名词后加-’s表示所属关系

Sally’s friend is Greek.

John’s father is Italian.

Mary’s son is 10 years old.

slide17

6、规则动词(-s词尾的加法):

1)在一般现在时中,主语为第三人称单数时,谓语需加-s, 如:

She loves children. 她爱孩子。

This surprises us. 这让我们感到震惊。

slide18

2)在加-s词尾时要注意下面几点:

a. 在一般情况下可直接加-s

work---works like---likes

come---comes feel---feels

b. 以ch, sh, s, x, o结尾的词,需加-es:

teach---teaches wash---washes

wish---wishes miss---misses fix---fixes

do---does go---goes

c. 以辅音+y结尾的词,先变y为i, 再加-es:

cry---cries apply---applies

fly---flies reply---replies

slide19

7、名词的单复数

1)一般名词的复数以加-s或-es的方式构成:

一般情况加-s:brothers flowers schools books

以s, x, ch, sh结尾的词加-es:buses foxes watches dishes

以辅音+y结尾的词变y为i再加-es:ladies countries

slide20

2)以o结尾的词:

a. 加-es: heroes potatoes tomatoes mosquitoes

b. 加-s:

以元音+o, oo结尾的词 zoos bamboos taboos

一些外来词 pianos solos tobaccos

一些缩写词 kilos photos memos

slide21

3)以-f或-fe结尾的词,通常变f为v, 再加-(e)s:

half---halves leaf---leaves self---selves

thief—thieves wolf---wolves shelf---shelves

wife---wives knife---knives life---lives

有些只加-s,

roofs proofs beliefs chiefs

slide22

4)不规则的复数形式

man---men woman---women child---children

tooth---teeth foot---feet goose---geese

mouse---mice ox---oxen

slide23

5)单复数同形

sheep aircraft goldfish deer

Chinese species means works(工厂)

slide24

6)特殊情况:

hairs: He had a few white hairs.

fruits: There the most common fruits are pear, apple and peach.

fishes: He caught three little fishes.

slide25

8、动词like的用法

表示喜欢做某事,结构为like+doing:

I like playing the piano.

He likes watching TV.

They like eating banana.

slide26

9、需重点记忆的课后单词

nation—national

My nationality is Chinese.

I work for an IT company\a bank.

I am a deputy manager.

My wife is a secretary\an accountant.

I live in a little town.

My parents’ job is engineer.

My landlord is the owner of the restaurant.

He is graduated from a local university.

slide30

1、行为动词的否定形式

行为动词的否定式由do not(don’t), does not(doesn’t)+动词原形构成:

I like swimming. I do not like swimming.

You like running. You do not like running.

He\She likes reading. He\She does not like reading.

在口语中通常用缩略形式don’t\doesn’t, 在正式的文体中不用缩略形式。

slide31

2、行为动词疑问句的构成及其简略回答

行为动词作谓语的一般疑问句需用助动词do\does,并将其置于主语之前。通常只需要简略回答,用do\does代替句中的行为动词。

Do you like swimming? Yes, I do.\No, I don’t.

Does he live in this city? Yes, he does.\No, he doesn’t.

特殊疑问句要将疑问词置于句首

Where do you have lunch? I have lunch…

What time do you go to school?

When do you have dinner?

slide32

3、频度副词

1) 常见的频度副词从0%----100%排列:

never sometimes often usually always

2) 频度副词在句子中有不同的位置:

在动词to be之后:

He is always at home in the evening.他晚上总在家。

She is often late.她经常迟到。

Are you usually ill on planes?你经常晕机吗?

在实意动词之前:

They sometimes stay up all night.他们有时彻夜不眠。

She never saw him again.她再也没有见过他。

I usually go to bed at eleven.我通常十一点睡觉。

slide33

在助动词之后(have, do),实意动词之前:

I haveoften thought of you.

Do you usually go to school on foot?

Have you ever ridden a bike?

有时为了强调,可放在句首或助动词及动词to be之前:

Always, we went on foot. 我们总是步行去。

We usually don’t get up until nine on Sundays.星期天我们通常九点才起床。

He always is late when we have an important meeting.我们有重要会议时,他总是迟到。

slide34

4、动词to have的不同含义

1)to possess(characteristics) 具有(特点)

I have black hair. He has a cut on his chin(下巴).

2)to possess(things) 拥有(东西)

He has a large house. Do you have any pets?

3)to eat\to drink吃、喝

We have coffee at 11. I usually have a sandwich for lunch.

slide35

5、动词to have, to go, to finish第三人称单数形式的变化:

I have I go I finish

youhave you goyoufinish

he\she\ithashe\she\it goeshe\she\itfinishes

we\they havewe\theygowe\theyfinish

slide36

6、12小时表达法

①表示整点过1—30分用past(晚于,过):

12:10 It is ten past twelve.

9:05 It is five past nine.

②表示离整点还差1—29分用to(在……之前)

10:50 It is ten to eleven.

③表示“一刻钟”可用a quarter

11:15 It is a quarter past eleven.

8:45 It is a quarter to nine.

slide37

④表示“半小时”常用half:

6:30 It is half past six.

⑤表示“午前”用am,

 表示“午后”用pm,

 表示“在中午”用at noon:

I often go to school at 8am.

I always go home at 5pm.

I usually go out for a walk at noon.

slide38

7、介词at, for, in, from…to…

at 表示在某点时间(在…时刻)

She arrives at 7 o’clock.

I have tea\coffee at breakfast time (lunchtime, dinnertime).

for表示在某段时间(或作为…)

I go swimming on Tuesdays for two hours.

She likes apple for breakfast (lunch, dinner).

in表示在…期间

I work in the morning.

from…to…表示从某点到另一点的持续时间

He works from 8am to 5pm.

slide39

8、提出请求

Could you+ do sth?常用于表达请求。

Could you spell your name, please?

Yes, of course.

Could you tell me your telephone number, please?

No, sorry…

Could you call me at 7o’clock, please?

Certainly.

slide40

9、表达建议

Would you like sth?或者would you like to do sth?

常用来表达建议。

Would you like to have a coffee? Yes, please.

Would you like a cup of coffee? No, thank you.

slide41

10、需重点记忆的单词

I’m pleased (glad) to meet you.

I never feel relaxed on planes (on a plane).

I really enjoy (like) flying.

I usually take a nap at home.

start—finish by train

I have a reservation for a single\double room?

Could you sign the register, please?

slide43

1、介绍他人

常用的表达方法是This is… , my…

Xiaoyan, this is Polly, my girlfriend.

Polly, this is Xiaoyan,my colleague from Shanghai.

slide44

2、提议与应答

可以用Would you like sth?或Would you like to do sth?这两种疑问方式表达建议,例如:

Would you like a drink? / some crisps?

Would you like to come to the shop one day?

肯定回答 否定回答

Yes, please. No, thanks.\thank you.

Yes, I would, thanks. No, I wouldn’t, thanks.

slide45

提议还可以用以what 开头的疑问句表达,例如:

提议 What would you like to drink?

应答I’d like a gin and tonic, please.

What would you like, Polly?

I’d like a glass of wine, thank you. I’d like some crisps.

主动提出自己做某事,常用I’ll (I will) +动词原形,如:

I’ll buy the drinks.

I’ll buy the book for you on my way home.

slide46

3、序数词

多数序数词由基数词直接加-th构成,如:

six---sixth eleven---eleventh

eighteen---eighteenth hundred---hundredth

以下词例外:

first second third fifth eighth ninth

twelfth twentieth thirtieth fortieth

简写形式,如:

first 1st second 2nd

third 3rd fourth 4th

slide47

4、不定冠词a/an和定冠词the的区别

不定冠词a/an与可数名词的单数搭配,指某一类人或事物中的非特指的“任何一个”。定冠词the与可数名词的单、复数和不可数名词搭配,指独一无二的事务或已被提到的人或物。例如:

I am an accountant. 我是一名会计。

I am the Chief Accountant for ABHK Bank.

我是ABHK银行主任会计师。

These are the books I like.这些是我喜欢的书。

She is a receptionist. 她是一名接待员。

She is the receptionist. 她是接待员。

注:表达楼层时用定冠词the ground floor the first floor the second floor

slide48

5、指示代词this, these, that, those

this, that是单数形式,these, those是复数形式。

通常this(these)指离说话人较近的物品,that(those)指离说话人家较远的物品。指示代词既可以单独使用,也可以与名词连用。例如:

Xiaoyan, this is Polly, my girlfriend.

These people are my friends.

That is Frank near the door.

Those people in the car are his brothers and sisters.

slide49

指示代词可以用于表达对比的意义。(说话是伴随用手指点的动作。)

This is my coffee and that’s yours.

These are my books. Those are yours.

These people are my friends. Those are my husband’s friends.

指示代词可用于强调。例如:

That is really stupid!

Those are no good at all.

I really don’t like this!

slide50

6、there is\there are句型的使用

表示“在某处有/存在……”可以用there is/there are…结构。如果名词为复数,动词用are, 名词为单数,动词用is,

例如:

There is a man in the office.

There are two plants in the house.

疑问句要将is\are置于句首(Is there…?\Are there…?),

例如:

Is there a fax in the office?

Are there any plants in the reception?

slide51

对一般疑问句的回答通常用简略形式,例如:

疑问句 回答

Is there a coffee machine in the office? Yes, there is.

Is there a TV in the office? No, there isn’t.

Are there desks in the reception? Yes, there are.

Are there fax machines in the reception? No, there aren’t.

slide52

7、重点单词

I’llwork late. He can’t contact his wife.

prepare for invite reception(-ist)

personal business lift capital

fax machine water

slide55

1、谈论工作

谈及工作领域,用介词in.

He’sin medicine.

They work in computers.

She lectures in French.

谈及工作地点,用介词at\in, 还要注意用a\an或the.

I work at a school.

She works in an office in London.

She works in the school near my office.

slide56

询问别人的工作,可以用what is your\his\her job?或动词to do.

What do you do? I’m an accountant.

What do they do? They work in a bank.

slide57

2、to have got和to have的用法

表示“拥有”的时候,两者意思是一样。

在疑问句和否定句中的用法:

Have you got a book? No, I haven’t (got a book).

Do you have a TV? No, I\we don’t (have a TV).

any通常用在疑问句和否定句中:

Do you have any cousins?

Have you got any sisters?

I haven’t got any sisters.

slide58

3、现在进行时

①表示此刻或说话时正在发生的事情或正在进行的动作。

结构是:主语+to be+doing:

I am waiting for an important call from my boss in Shanghai.

He’s talking to a customer.

否定形式是在动词to be后面加not:

My computer isn’t working.

I’m not eating lunch.

They aren’t working today.

slide59

一般疑问句是将to be放在主语前面:

Is he talking to a customer?

特殊疑问句如下:

What are you doing?

Where is she having dinner?

What are they waiting for?

slide60

②表示这段时间正在进行的活动。

Li Jun is working on a new database at the moment, but right now she is sleeping.李俊正在建一个新的数据库,不过此刻她正在睡觉。

slide61

4、重点单词

helpful retired married important lecture clerk on one’s own at the moment right now be responsible for train develop interview wait for on holiday (business) actually

slide63

1、澄清意思

询问一个词是什么意思,用动词to mean, 回答时主语可以用代词 it :

What does “sml”mean?

Sml-what does it mean?

It means small.

还可以用一般疑问句:

Does “avail”mean available? Yes, it does.

Does “pm”mean morning? No, it means afternoon.

slide64

2、复习to have, to have got(unit4)

It has got a garage /one bedroom.

It hasn’t got a garden. I haven’t got a car.

Has it got a garden? No, it hasn’t.

slide65

3、提出建议

可以用以下几种句型:

What about seeing this flat?

How about going to an estate agent?

Why don’t yougo to an estate agent?

Why don’t youcall them?

回答:

Well, I don’t know.

Yes, that’s a good idea.

slide66

4、询问价格

询问价格时要用how much开头,动词用to cost或者to be.例如:

How much does the flat cost a month? It costs $500.

How much do they cost? They cost $50each.

How much is the flat? It is $500 a month.

How much is it a month?

How much are they? They are $50 each.

slide67

5、重点单词

hunt cost rent repair understand look for talk about ring up face to face be interested in price problem excellent convenient quiet safe available noisy separate nervous expensive\dear attractive

slide69

1、谈论工作

What’s your job?

What’s his/her job?

What’s David’s mother’s job?

What do you do?

What does he/she/your mother do?

What do they do?

I’m an engineer. He is a lawyer. She is a doctor. They are teachers. They work in computers.

He is in medicine.

slide70

2、时间表达法

10.00 ten o’clock

10.15 a quarter past ten

10.20 twenty past ten

10.30 half past ten

10.40 twenty to eleven

10.45 a quarter to eleven

What time is it, please?

What is the time, please?

It is a quarter past six.

slide71

3、表达提议

① Would you like sth (a coffee, some crisps)?

Yes, please. No, thanks.

Would you like to do sth (come to the party)?

Yes, I would, thanks.

No, I wouldn’t, thanks.

What would you like to do (drink, eat)?

I’d like a cup of coffee.

What would you like?

I’d like some crisps.

slide72

② What about sth/doing sth?

What about a cup of coffee?

What about seeing this flat?

How about sth/doing sth?

How about a break?

How about having lunch together?

Why don’t you/we do sth?

Why don’t you go to the estate agent?

Why don’t we have dinner together?

回答:Yes, that’s a good idea.

Well, I don’t know.

No, I’m afraid not.

slide73

4、描述住处

1)相关词汇

hall living room dining room bedroom bathroom kitchen study toilet garage garden

big small large modern old-fashioned beautiful dirty busy noisy quiet bright excellent

slide74

2) have/have got

It has/has got a garden.

It hasn’t got a garden. It doesn’t have a garden.

Has it got a garden? Yes, it has. No, it hasn’t.

Does it have a garden? Yes, it does. No, it doesn’t.

slide75

3) there be句型

There is a large living room.

There are two big bedrooms.

就近原则

There is a chair and two desks in the office.

There are two desks and a chair in the office.

slide76

5、询问价格

How much is it/are they?

It is 500 dollars a month. /

They are 50 dollars each.

How much does it cost?

It costs 500 dollars.

How much do they cost?

They cost 50 dollars each.

It is very expensive for me.

It is much more expensive than that one.

slide77

6、现在进行时

说话是正在进行的动作或发生的事情

I’mwaiting for an important call from my boss.

She is sitting in her office.

He is working in Paris.

They are having lunch.

否定式:

My computer is not working.

I’m not reading.

They are not crying.