开放英语 Ⅰ⑴. ------ 许秋君 EMAIL: firstname.lastname@example.org Tel: 13738830535. Unit1 Talking about people. Aims:. 1 、动词 to be （ p3 ）. I am a student. You are a student. HeShe is a student. We are students. You are students. They are students.
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Iam a student.
You are a student.
He\Sheis a student.
We are students.
They are students.
I amnota student.
You arenota student.
He\Sheis not a student.
We arenot students.
You are notstudents.
They are not students.
Areyou a student? Yes, I am.\No, I am not.
Is he a student? Yes, he is.\No, he is not.
Are you students? Yes, we are.\No, we are not.
Are they students? Yes, they are.\No, they are not.
What is your name? My name is George.
Where are you from? I am from Ningbo.
How old are you? I am 26 years old.
I’m a student.
He’s a teacher.
I ama manager\teacher\student\worker.
I am an accountant\engineer\editor.
Rome was not built in a day.
I can only carry two at a time.
She is a friend of mine.
A car is waiting at the gate.
He was born in a small city in Zhejiang.
work for, work at, work in, work with
I work with Mary in the same office.
I work for a bank.
I work at a school.
I work in Ningbo.
You work in London.
He\She is from China.
We are teachers.
They are my parents.
It is my dog.
Your job is in London.
His\Her parents are from Italy.
Our house is very large.
Their parents live in a little village.
Its name is Mary.
Sally’s friend is Greek.
John’s father is Italian.
Mary’s son is 10 years old.
She loves children. 她爱孩子。
This surprises us. 这让我们感到震惊。
b. 以ch, sh, s, x, o结尾的词，需加-es:
wish---wishes miss---misses fix---fixes
c. 以辅音+y结尾的词，先变y为i, 再加-es:
一般情况加-s:brothers flowers schools books
以s, x, ch, sh结尾的词加-es:buses foxes watches dishes
a. 加-es: heroes potatoes tomatoes mosquitoes
以元音+o, oo结尾的词 zoos bamboos taboos
一些外来词 pianos solos tobaccos
一些缩写词 kilos photos memos
half---halves leaf---leaves self---selves
thief—thieves wolf---wolves shelf---shelves
wife---wives knife---knives life---lives
roofs proofs beliefs chiefs
man---men woman---women child---children
tooth---teeth foot---feet goose---geese
sheep aircraft goldfish deer
Chinese species means works(工厂)
hairs: He had a few white hairs.
fruits: There the most common fruits are pear, apple and peach.
fishes: He caught three little fishes.
I like playing the piano.
He likes watching TV.
They like eating banana.
My nationality is Chinese.
I work for an IT company\a bank.
I am a deputy manager.
My wife is a secretary\an accountant.
I live in a little town.
My parents’ job is engineer.
My landlord is the owner of the restaurant.
He is graduated from a local university.
行为动词的否定式由do not(don’t), does not(doesn’t)+动词原形构成：
I like swimming. I do not like swimming.
You like running. You do not like running.
He\She likes reading. He\She does not like reading.
Do you like swimming? Yes, I do.\No, I don’t.
Does he live in this city? Yes, he does.\No, he doesn’t.
Where do you have lunch? I have lunch…
What time do you go to school?
When do you have dinner?
never sometimes often usually always
He is always at home in the evening.他晚上总在家。
She is often late.她经常迟到。
Are you usually ill on planes?你经常晕机吗？
They sometimes stay up all night.他们有时彻夜不眠。
She never saw him again.她再也没有见过他。
I usually go to bed at eleven.我通常十一点睡觉。
I haveoften thought of you.
Do you usually go to school on foot?
Have you ever ridden a bike?
Always, we went on foot. 我们总是步行去。
We usually don’t get up until nine on Sundays.星期天我们通常九点才起床。
He always is late when we have an important meeting.我们有重要会议时，他总是迟到。
1）to possess(characteristics) 具有（特点）
I have black hair. He has a cut on his chin(下巴).
2）to possess(things) 拥有（东西）
He has a large house. Do you have any pets?
3）to eat\to drink吃、喝
We have coffee at 11. I usually have a sandwich for lunch.
5、动词to have, to go, to finish第三人称单数形式的变化：
I have I go I finish
youhave you goyoufinish
12:10 It is ten past twelve.
9:05 It is five past nine.
10:50 It is ten to eleven.
11:15 It is a quarter past eleven.
8:45 It is a quarter to nine.
6:30 It is half past six.
I often go to school at 8am.
I always go home at 5pm.
I usually go out for a walk at noon.
She arrives at 7 o’clock.
I have tea\coffee at breakfast time (lunchtime, dinnertime).
I go swimming on Tuesdays for two hours.
She likes apple for breakfast (lunch, dinner).
I work in the morning.
He works from 8am to 5pm.
Could you+ do sth?常用于表达请求。
Could you spell your name, please?
Yes, of course.
Could you tell me your telephone number, please?
Could you call me at 7o’clock, please?
Would you like sth?或者would you like to do sth?
Would you like to have a coffee? Yes, please.
Would you like a cup of coffee? No, thank you.
I’m pleased (glad) to meet you.
I never feel relaxed on planes (on a plane).
I really enjoy (like) flying.
I usually take a nap at home.
start—finish by train
I have a reservation for a single\double room?
Could you sign the register, please?
常用的表达方法是This is… , my…
Xiaoyan, this is Polly, my girlfriend.
Polly, this is Xiaoyan,my colleague from Shanghai.
可以用Would you like sth?或Would you like to do sth?这两种疑问方式表达建议，例如：
Would you like a drink? / some crisps?
Would you like to come to the shop one day?
Yes, please. No, thanks.\thank you.
Yes, I would, thanks. No, I wouldn’t, thanks.
提议 What would you like to drink?
应答I’d like a gin and tonic, please.
What would you like, Polly?
I’d like a glass of wine, thank you. I’d like some crisps.
主动提出自己做某事，常用I’ll (I will) +动词原形，如：
I’ll buy the drinks.
I’ll buy the book for you on my way home.
first second third fifth eighth ninth
twelfth twentieth thirtieth fortieth
first 1st second 2nd
third 3rd fourth 4th
I am an accountant. 我是一名会计。
I am the Chief Accountant for ABHK Bank.
These are the books I like.这些是我喜欢的书。
She is a receptionist. 她是一名接待员。
She is the receptionist. 她是接待员。
注：表达楼层时用定冠词the ground floor the first floor the second floor
this, that是单数形式，these, those是复数形式。
Xiaoyan, this is Polly, my girlfriend.
These people are my friends.
That is Frank near the door.
Those people in the car are his brothers and sisters.
This is my coffee and that’s yours.
These are my books. Those are yours.
These people are my friends. Those are my husband’s friends.
That is really stupid!
Those are no good at all.
I really don’t like this!
表示“在某处有/存在……”可以用there is/there are…结构。如果名词为复数，动词用are, 名词为单数，动词用is,
There is a man in the office.
There are two plants in the house.
疑问句要将is\are置于句首（Is there…?\Are there…?）,
Is there a fax in the office?
Are there any plants in the reception?
Is there a coffee machine in the office? Yes, there is.
Is there a TV in the office? No, there isn’t.
Are there desks in the reception? Yes, there are.
Are there fax machines in the reception? No, there aren’t.
I’llwork late. He can’t contact his wife.
prepare for invite reception(-ist)
personal business lift capital
fax machine water
They work in computers.
She lectures in French.
I work at a school.
She works in an office in London.
She works in the school near my office.
询问别人的工作，可以用what is your\his\her job?或动词to do.
What do you do? I’m an accountant.
What do they do? They work in a bank.
Have you got a book? No, I haven’t (got a book).
Do you have a TV? No, I\we don’t (have a TV).
Do you have any cousins?
Have you got any sisters?
I haven’t got any sisters.
I am waiting for an important call from my boss in Shanghai.
He’s talking to a customer.
My computer isn’t working.
I’m not eating lunch.
They aren’t working today.
Is he talking to a customer?
What are you doing?
Where is she having dinner?
What are they waiting for?
Li Jun is working on a new database at the moment, but right now she is sleeping.李俊正在建一个新的数据库，不过此刻她正在睡觉。
helpful retired married important lecture clerk on one’s own at the moment right now be responsible for train develop interview wait for on holiday (business) actually
询问一个词是什么意思，用动词to mean, 回答时主语可以用代词 it :
What does “sml”mean?
Sml-what does it mean?
It means small.
Does “avail”mean available? Yes, it does.
Does “pm”mean morning? No, it means afternoon.
It has got a garage /one bedroom.
It hasn’t got a garden. I haven’t got a car.
Has it got a garden? No, it hasn’t.
What about seeing this flat?
How about going to an estate agent?
Why don’t yougo to an estate agent?
Why don’t youcall them?
Well, I don’t know.
Yes, that’s a good idea.
询问价格时要用how much开头，动词用to cost或者to be.例如：
How much does the flat cost a month? It costs $500.
How much do they cost? They cost $50each.
How much is the flat? It is $500 a month.
How much is it a month?
How much are they? They are $50 each.
hunt cost rent repair understand look for talk about ring up face to face be interested in price problem excellent convenient quiet safe available noisy separate nervous expensive\dear attractive
What’s your job?
What’s his/her job?
What’s David’s mother’s job?
What do you do?
What does he/she/your mother do?
What do they do?
I’m an engineer. He is a lawyer. She is a doctor. They are teachers. They work in computers.
He is in medicine.
10.00 ten o’clock
10.15 a quarter past ten
10.20 twenty past ten
10.30 half past ten
10.40 twenty to eleven
10.45 a quarter to eleven
What time is it, please?
What is the time, please?
It is a quarter past six.
① Would you like sth (a coffee, some crisps)?
Yes, please. No, thanks.
Would you like to do sth (come to the party)?
Yes, I would, thanks.
No, I wouldn’t, thanks.
What would you like to do (drink, eat)?
I’d like a cup of coffee.
What would you like?
I’d like some crisps.
What about a cup of coffee?
What about seeing this flat?
How about sth/doing sth?
How about a break?
How about having lunch together?
Why don’t you/we do sth?
Why don’t you go to the estate agent?
Why don’t we have dinner together?
回答：Yes, that’s a good idea.
Well, I don’t know.
No, I’m afraid not.
hall living room dining room bedroom bathroom kitchen study toilet garage garden
big small large modern old-fashioned beautiful dirty busy noisy quiet bright excellent
It has/has got a garden.
It hasn’t got a garden. It doesn’t have a garden.
Has it got a garden? Yes, it has. No, it hasn’t.
Does it have a garden? Yes, it does. No, it doesn’t.
There is a large living room.
There are two big bedrooms.
There is a chair and two desks in the office.
There are two desks and a chair in the office.
How much is it/are they?
It is 500 dollars a month. /
They are 50 dollars each.
How much does it cost?
It costs 500 dollars.
How much do they cost?
They cost 50 dollars each.
It is very expensive for me.
It is much more expensive than that one.
I’mwaiting for an important call from my boss.
She is sitting in her office.
He is working in Paris.
They are having lunch.
My computer is not working.
I’m not reading.
They are not crying.