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Vocabulary Unit 6. Level D 9 th Grade Vocabulary Workshop. atone. (v.) to make up for Syn. – expiate, make amends for. bondage. (n.) slavery; any state of being bound or held down Syn. – servitude, captivity, subjection Ant. – freedom, liberty, independence. credible. (adj.) believable

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vocabulary unit 6

Vocabulary Unit 6

Level D

9th Grade Vocabulary Workshop

atone
atone
  • (v.) to make up for
  • Syn. – expiate, make amends for
bondage
bondage
  • (n.) slavery; any state of being bound or held down
  • Syn. – servitude, captivity, subjection
  • Ant. – freedom, liberty, independence
credible
credible
  • (adj.) believable
  • Syn. – plausible, acceptable, likely
  • Ant. – unbelievable, implausible
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defray
defray
  • (v.) to pay for
  • Syn. – settle, bear the cost, foot the bill
diligent
diligent
  • (adj.) hardworking, industrious, not lazy
  • Syn. – assiduous, sedulous
  • Ant. – lazy, indolent, cursory
doleful
doleful
  • (adj.) sad; dreary
  • Syn. – sorrowful, mournful, melancholy
  • Ant. – cheerful, blithe, jaunty
ghastly
ghastly
  • (adj.) frightful, horrible; deathly pale
  • Syn. – dreadful, appalling, gruesome, grisly
  • Ant. – pleasant, agreeable, attractive
hamper
hamper
  • (v.) to hold back
  • Syn. – hinder, obstruct, impede, inhibit
  • Ant. – facilitate, ease, smooth the way
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hew
  • (v.) to shape or cut down with an ax; to hold to
  • Syn. – chop, hack, fell, adhere, conform
impoverished
impoverished
  • (adj.) poor, in a state of poverty; depleted
  • Syn. – poverty-stricken, destitute, indigent
  • Ant. – rich, wealthy, affluent, prosperous
incessant
incessant
  • (adj.) never stopping, going on all the time
  • Syn. – ceaseless, constant, uninterrupted
  • Ant. – occasional, sporadic, intermittent
intricate
intricate
  • (adj.) complicated; difficult to understand
  • Syn. – complex, convoluted
  • Ant. – simple, uninvolved, uncomplicated
lucid
lucid
  • (adj.) easy to understand, clear; rational, sane
  • Syn. – limpid, intelligible
  • Ant. – murky, muddy, obscure, unintelligible
posthumous
posthumous
  • (adj.) occurring or published after death
  • Syn. – postmortem
  • Ant. – prenatal
  • A posthumous award
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prim
  • (adj.) overly neat, precise, proper, or formal; prudish
  • Syn. – fussy, fastidious, squeamish
  • Ant. – dowdy, frumpy, sloppy, untidy
sardonic
sardonic
  • (adj.) grimly or scornfully mocking, bitterly sarcastic
  • Syn. – caustic, mordant, acerbic, wry
  • Ant. – bland, mild, saccharine, good-natured
superfluous
superfluous
  • (adj.) exceeding what is sufficient or required, excess
  • Syn. – surplus, supererogatory
  • Ant. – necessary, essential, vital, indispensable
  • Eliminate

Superfluous clutter

supplant
supplant
  • (v.) to take the place of, supersede
  • Syn. – replace, displace, oust
  • Computers have supplanted typewriters at school and work
taunt
taunt
  • (v.) to jeer at, mock (n.) an insulting or mocking remark
  • Syn. – ridicule, deride
  • Ant. – cheer, applaud, acclaim
tenacious
tenacious
  • (adj.) holding fast; holding together firmly; persistent
  • Syn. – obstinate, stubborn, dogged
  • Ant. – yielding, weak, gentle, lax, slack