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Biodiversity Clearinghouse Mechanism workshop, 11-12 Nov 2010, EEA, Copenhagen EU Clearinghouse on Climate Change Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation Andr é Jol European Environment Agency (Head of group vulnerability and adaptation). Europe’s key past and projected impacts.

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Biodiversity Clearinghouse Mechanism workshop, 11-12 Nov 2010, EEA, Copenhagen

EU Clearinghouseon Climate Change Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation

André Jol

European Environment Agency

(Head of group vulnerability and adaptation)

europe s key past and projected impacts
Europe’s key past and projected impacts
  • Most vulnerable areas
  • Southern Europe
  • Mountain areas (Alps, etc)
  • Coastal zones
  • River floodplains
  • Arctic region

Main biogeographic regions of Europe (EEA member countries)

commission white paper adapting to climate change
Commission White Paper Adapting to climate change

White Paper adopted on 1/4/2009

Commission staff working documentsaccompanying the White Paper

Impact Assessment and executive summary SEC(2009)387-388

Adapting to Climate Change: the Challenge for European Agriculture and Rural Areas SEC(2009)417

Human, Animal and Plant Health Impacts of Climate Change SEC(2009)416

Climate Change and Water, Coasts and Marine Issues SEC(2009) 386

Documents available on:

broad complementary adaptation approaches
Broad (complementary) adaptation approaches

“Grey” infrastructure approaches

Protective infrastructure and Contingency Plans/Measures – In the light of uncertainties, cost and effectiveness becomes issues

“Green” structural approaches

Strengthen resilience against climate change impacts by improving natural water retention and strengthening biodiversity. “Green infrastructure” (e.g. floodplains, land use changes to improve soil water retention, establishment of ecosystem connectivity etc.)

Advantage of complementary approach: improved potential for ecosystem services (fresh water, food, health), potential to improve cost-effectiveness, reduce costs for future generations and synergies with mitigation (ecosystem absorption of CO2) – possible “no regrets” measures

“Soft” non-structural approaches

Awareness raising, Institutional framework, Economic instruments, etc.

need for taking action at eu level
Need for taking action at EU level

Large difference in progress among the Member States. Initiatives and growing demand at regional and local level

Many climate change impacts AND adaptation measures have a cross-border dimension

Climate impacts and adaptation will affect single market and common policies.

Climate change vulnerabilities and adaptation trigger a new paradigm for solidarity

EU spending programmes could complement the resources spent by the Member States for adaptation.

Potential economies of scale for capacity building, research, information and data gathering, knowledge transfer, etc.

eu adaptation framework
Phase 1: 2009-2012 – Four PILLARS

Working in Partnership with EU, national, regional and local authorities






Evidence Base







policy areas



a combination










pillar i strengthening the knowledge base an essential step forward 1 2
Pillar I: Strengthening the Knowledge Base – an essential step forward (1/2)
  • Objectives:
    • Climate change and socio-economic scenarios across Europe
    • Better understand the territorial and sectoral distribution of vulnerability to climate change impacts
    • European wide data repository and a platform for knowledge transfer on impacts and adaptation measures (Clearing House Mechanism)
  • Build on on-going global, EU (FP6, FP7) and national research projects and studies
    • Further analysis of climate change impacts for major sectors at scales relevant to adaptation measures
    • Identification of the limits to resilience (human systems and ecosystems)
    • Investigation of how to use the ecosystem approach for adaptation efforts
pillar i strengthening the knowledge base an essential step forward 2 2 dg env projects
Pillar I: Strengthening the Knowledge Base – an essential step forward (2/2), DG ENV projects
  • Design of guidelines for the elaboration of Regional Climate Change Adaptation Strategies
  • Preliminary assessment of Climate Change vulnerability indicators at regional level (final report due in Nov 2009)
  • Land Use modelling implementation (Final Report Feb 2010)
  • Integrated Assessment Modelling of water-related scenarios and adaptation measures Start Nov 2009 (20 months).
  • Classification and costing of adaptation measures
pillar ii mainstream adaptation into key eu policy areas
Pillar II: mainstream adaptation into key EUpolicy areas

Step by step approach - based on solid scientific and economic analysis

What are the actual and potential impacts of climate change in the sector?

What are the costs of action/inaction?

How can adaptation objectives be embedded into current EU instruments? Which additional measures should be proposed for action at EU level?

How do proposed measures impact upon and interact with policies at other levels and in other sectors?

Key areas: Water, Coastal & Marine, Agriculture, Health, Transport, Energy etc.

Develop guidelines and further Adaptation Strategies outlining the action required

status of development of national adaptation strategies
Status of development of national adaptation strategies

Source: EEA, 2009; PEER, 2009

objectives of the eu clearinghouse
Objectives of the EU Clearinghouse
  • Facilitate the collection and dissemination of scientific information, data and case studies about climate change impacts and vulnerability, and adaptation policies and measures.
  • Assist an effective uptake of this knowledge by EU, national, regional, local or sectoral decision makers.
  • Provide a greater level of co-ordination sectoral policies and institutional levels
added value of the european clearinghouse
Added value of the European Clearinghouse
  • A portal of information and tools, with defined quality standards, seeking common approaches at EU level.
  • Information mainly from research institutes and public agencies.
  • Focus on harmonized & quality checked EU wide data at maximal resolution, useful for:
    • neighbouring countries
    • interregional areas (e.g. mountainous or coastal area)
    • areas with scope for action at EU level: CAP, Water, Coastal, Marine, Natura 2000, TEN, Energy, Health, etc.
  • Both an IT tool and a PARTNERSHIP
    • Common guidelines about information quality, formats and sources
    • encourage the systematic collection of reliable and up-to date information
  • Complement but not supersede national initiatives.
    • Could be a solution for countries that don't have the resources to develop such a platform
content of the clearinghouse
Content of the Clearinghouse
  • Climate change observations and scenarios
  • GMES - Essential climate variables
  • Link with GFCS + regional / national centers
  • Land-use, water, socio-economic observations, statistics and scenarios
  • Impacts & Vulnerability
  • Integration information on climate, land-use, water, ecosystems, socio-economic variables
  • Exposure to impacts, sensitivity and adaptive capacity
  • Detailed geographical and sectoral perspective
  • Vulnerability indicators, policy-oriented
  • Adaptation plans and strategies
  • Informationon existing adaptation strategies, key institutions and stekeholders
  • Joint activities between MS and third countries (research, adaptation measures)
  • Practical tools for the development of adaptation policy

Adaptation measures, actions

Extended database of measures

  • Typology
  • Assessment of environmental, social, economic impacts
  • Identifying no-regret measures
key partnerships and synergies
Key partnerships and synergies
  • CC Indicators
  • WISE
  • CHM Biodiv

IASG + WG Pillar 1

Contract Implementation phase 1



Data integration

(Climate, Soils, Forest, Floods, Droughts)




Member States


Knowledge portals

Research programmes



INTERREG projects


Other DGs

Other DGs

Calls x projects

Knowledge portal

Other Projects and Platforms (see annex 1)


Other institutions

Other institutions

7FP projects

some key requirements

Shared Environmental Information System (SEIS)

Interoperable Delivery of European eGovernment Services (IDABC)




Analytical tools

Generation of vulnerability assessments and indicators (EU or transnational level)

Meta-analysis of vulnerability assessments.

Database of adaptation measures

Tools for the impact assessment of adaptation measures

Some key requirements
  • Multilinguism
    • Multilingual technical glossary
    • Detailed level of information could also be available in a variety of languages
    • General information on CCIVA should be translated and give link to corresponding national platforms when available.
  • Standard functionalities
  • Quality control / quality assurance

EEA contributions/reports

  • Natural disasters (2004)
  • Overview on vulnerability and adaptation in member countries (2005)
  • Climate change and water (2007)
  • Costs of inaction to climate change (2007)
  • Impacts of climate change (2004, update 2008)
  • Water scarcity and droughts (2009)
  • CC and water resources in the Alps, case studies (2009)
  • Guidance on integrating CC in Water FWD river basin management plans (2009)
  • 2010: updated climate change indicators; support to GMES on data user needs analysis; report on past natural and technological disasters; some vulnerability indicators and disaster risk mapping; annual EIONET workshop; expert meetings
next steps and roadmap
Next steps and roadmap
  • Open call for tender November 2009, with Commission concept note as support document for tenderer
  • Project steering group (ENV/JRC/EEA, key countries, sectoral platforms, key research partners)
  • Impact and Adaptation Steering Group (Commission, countries) and Working Group «Knowledge Basis» to be set up early 2010
  • Phase 1 (available end 2011 at the latest)
    • Covers key requirements
    • First prototype available in January 2011: review to lay the ground for the definitions on the 2nd phase
  • Phase 2
    • Based on review phase 1 and agreement with MS and key partners
    • Design after careful evaluation of needs, resources and usefulness.
    • Impact assessment for proposal accompanying 2012 Communication
    • Validation by IASG