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Enemy Propaganda Adolf Hitler Mussolini Tokyo Rose Japanese and Nazi Propaganda By: Mary DeRiso, Brittany Eustace, Laura DuMont, Rory Kotter, and Gary Hammell
Adolf Hitler • Hitler was born on April 20, 1889, at Braunau-am-Inn, Austria, his father, had risen from a poor peasant background to become an Austrian customs official and was able to provide his son with a secondary education. Poor school marks prevented him from obtaining the customary graduation certificate. In 1913, Hitler moved to Munich in the hope both of evading Austrian military service and of finding a better life in the Germany he had admired so much.
Hitler was the leader of the German Nazi party. From 1933 until his death, he was the dictator of Germany. Hitler’s plan was to become noticed by Germany and most of Europe. He wanted the Germans and Europeans to trust him, so that he could take advantage of them, and conquer them. His rule resulted in the destruction of the German nation-state and its society, in the ruin of much of Europe’s traditional structure, and in the extermination of about 6 million Jews.
In April 1940, German troops conquered Norway, Denmark; in May and June they swept through the Netherlands, Belgium, and France. On June 22, a triumphant Hitler forced France to sign an armistice at Compiegne, the site of the armistice of 1918. Hitler was now at the peek of his career. He had proved himself a superior military commander, and he began to build his New Order in Europe. As Hitler reached the end of the war, Goebbels, Bormann, and Eva Braun, whom he had married, remained with him. Hitler and Eva committed suicide on April 30, 1945.
Mussolini • Benito Mussolini, was the prime minister of Italy from 1922 till 1943. In 1925 Mussolini, ended democracy in Italy by dismissing the Italian Parliament. Mussolini had also begun the fascist party. The party’s main beliefs were in Fascism, which called for a single-party state, total compliance, patriotic nationalism, and aggressive militarism. On October 25, 1936, Mussolini and Hitler announced a Rome-Berlin alliance.
The Italians attempted to surrender to the Allies in 1943, but German forces invaded. The German forces finally gave in on May 2, 1945. For the Allies, the Italian Campaign involved some of the hardest warfare in World War II. It cost the United States some 114,000 casualties. By the end of the war, the Italian economy was devastated and over 300,000 Italian men and boys were killed.
On April 28th 1945, a Communist partisan drove Mussolini to a nearby villa. The partisan ordered him out of the car and leveled a machine gun at them. The gun jammed. Then Mussolini, holding back the lapels of his jacket, said, "Shoot me in the chest." The partisan fired twice, and the Duce was dead.
Tokyo Rose was born in Los Angeles California in 1916. She lived in the US through her school carrier and went to the University of California and graduated in 1940. In 1941 she decided to go to Japan with two reasons; one was to visit her sick aunt and to
Tokyo Rose would broadcast a radio program that would get to the U.S. soldiers. On this radio program she would tell the soldiers that they were losing and that they were doing nothing and saying they were worthless.
Japanese war Posters This poster shows a Japanese soldier trampling over British and American flags. The poster was issued by the army ministry, and the writing reads, “Fire and never quit!”
Just like the United States depicted the Japanese to be ape-like in their propaganda, the Japanese depicted the Americans similarly. In the poster on the left, an American is shown as a demonic figure with skulls around his neck. In the poster on the right President Roosevelt is depicted as a monster with a horn sticking out of his head. He is also sitting on a grieving Statue of Liberty. This is meant to show the United State’s weakness.
President Roosevelt is shown with the hands and feet of a monster with a single horn protruding from his head. He sits atop the "Grieving Statue of Liberty," the title of the picture. She grieves because in the President's one hand, he waives the banner of democracy while in the other he grips the stick of dictatorship. It represents how despicable the United States is, and promotes the US’s weakness.
There were also many posters that encouraged people to help out with the war efforts. This poster shows a man handing ammunition to a German soldier. It encourages people to make weapons for the army. The text reads, “Build weapons for the front.” This poster shows a woman holding a piece of clothing, which encourages people to help with a clothing drive. The words read, “Get rid of old clothes and shoes!”
Bibliography • www.teacheroz.com • www.fbi.gov/libref/historic/famcases/rose/rose.htm • www.calvin.edu/academic/cas/gpa/posters1.htm • www.calvin.edu/adademic/cas/gpa/posters2.htm • www.msu.edu/~navarro6/srop.html • www.pbs.org