Australia. Australia Day - January 26th. January 26 th , marks the arrival of the First Fleet in 1788, when Captain Arthur Phillip colonized NSW. Each year, we celebrate our national day on this historic date. Vegemite. Beach. Indigenous. Australia Day. Thong Throwing. BBQs. Patriotism.
January 26th, marks the arrival of the First Fleet in 1788, when Captain Arthur Phillip colonized NSW. Each year, we celebrate our national day on this historic date.
In 1901, the Commonwealth of Australia was formed. Until this time, Australia used Britain's flag, the Union Jack. A competition was held to find the design for Australia's own flag. Five designers shared the prize because they came up with similar ideas for the Australian flag.
In the top left hand corner is the Union Jack. This shows that Australia is part of the British Commonwealth. Beneath the Union Jack is a large white star with seven points. The points represent the six states and the territories. Originally this star had six points. The seventh point, for the territories was added in 1908.
On the right hand side are the stars of the Southern Cross. The southern Cross was chosen because it can always be seen in the Australian sky at night.
The Aboriginal Flag was designed by Harold Thomas, an artist and an Aboriginal, in 1971. The flag was designed to be an eye-catching rallying symbol for the Aboriginal people and a symbol of their race and identity. The black represents the Aboriginal people, the red the earth and their spiritual relationship to the land, and the yellow the sun, the giver of life.In the late 1960s, Aborigines stepped up their campaign for indigenous land rights through protest marches, demonstrations, banners and posters. The protests increased in the early 1970s and Harold Thomas noticed they were often outnumbered by non-Aborigines with their own banners and placards. He decided they needed to be more visible and the idea of the flag was born.The Aboriginal flag was first raised in Victoria Square in Adelaide on National Aboriginal Day in 1971, but was adopted nationally by Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders in 1972 after it was flown above the Aboriginal "Tent Embassy" outside of the old Parliament House in Canberra.
Australia is home to some of the worlds most amazing natural wonders, including the world famous Uluru and The Great Barrier Reef.
Sydney Opera House
Sydney Harbour Bridge
75% of Australia is dry and arid land.
Australia boasts some of the best beaches in the world, for both their beauty and surf.
Australia consists of 6 states and 2 territories, each with their own capital city.
The capital city of Australia is Canberra.
Population of Australia - 22,908,193 (as of 18 May 2012)
Australia’s population has more than doubled since 1960,
when we had a population of 10,000,000.
1788 Captain Arthur Phillip unfurls the British flag at Sydney Cove and proclaims British sovereignty over the eastern seaboard of Australia .1808 First recorded celebrations on 26 January .1817 Governor Macquarie recommends the adoption of the name Australia for the entire continent, replacing New Holland .1818 Governor Macquarie holds the first official celebrations on 26 January, marking thirty years of white settlement .1836 First Anniversary Regatta held on Sydney Harbour. This is now the Australia Day Regatta, the oldest continuous sailing regatta in the world .1838 Celebrations held to mark the fiftieth anniversary of Phillip's landing and the commencement of the traditional Australia Day public holiday in New South Wales .1888 Centenary celebrations for Anniversary Day across the nation Centennial Park permanently reserved for public use.
1901 January 1, Federation of the Commonwealth of Australia. 1931 Australia Day adopted in Victoria. 1935 Commonwealth Government and all States and Territories except NSW adopt Australia Day as the official title for our national day. Instead NSW called it Anniversary Day.1938 150th Anniversary celebrations across the nation 1946 All States and Territories celebrate the 26 January as Australia Day.1960 Sir Macfarlane Burnet the first Australian of the Year. 1968 Lionel Rose becomes the first Aboriginal Australian of the Year.
2004 - Present7.5 million + people attend Australia Day ceremonies nationally. This figure is unlikely to fall.
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