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Film Formalism

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  1. Film Formalism Stanley Kubrick as a Formalist Filmmaker

  2. Table of Contents 1) Stanley Kubrick 2) 2001: A Space Odyssey 3) Barry Lyndon

  3. Stanley Kubrick • Kubrick as Auteur (who stamps unmistakable personality and vision on his/her films) • Kubrick as formalist

  4. Stanley Kubrick • At the age of 16 his photos were published in the Look magazine. Employed as a photographer and contributed 600 photos to the magazine. • His formative years • Nurturing and demonstrating keen visual sense

  5. Stanley Kubrick • Kubrick’s first film • Self-financed short documentary, Day of the Fight (1951) • Documentary on prizefighters • Look magazine photojournalism = documentary film • Capturing mood and atmosphere - the primary aim of his documentary films

  6. Stanley Kubrick • Three documentary films (1951-2) • 13 feature films (1953-1999) • Fear and Desire (1953) the first feature - about four soldiers trapped behind the enemy line and their escape is sidetracked by a woman and an enemy general.

  7. Stanley Kubrick • Killer’s Kiss (1955) - a prizefighter intervenes when a girl is assaulted by her employer/lover. This incident brings the two together and the fighter is threatened to be killed. • The Killer (1956) getting out of prison, a man masterminds a race track heist but the scheme is complicated by various people.

  8. Stanley Kubrick • Paths of Glory (1957) - the bureaucracy of the French army execute three of its soldiers on charges of cowardice. • Though the narrative and the theme are simple, Kubrick manages to create powerful images by frequently using telephoto lenses. • Spartacus (1960)

  9. Stanley Kubrick • Kubrick’s self-exile to England • Lolita (1962) - the first work of an auteur. Controversial motif and his camera captures the danger and allure of lust. Kubrick discovered in this film Peter Sellers.

  10. Stanley Kubrick • Highly aesthetic composition • Eloquent photography • Powerful acting • Creative and masterful editing • Thought-provoking themes • The deciding factor

  11. Stanley Kubrick • Dr. Strangelove: or how I learned to stop worrying and love the bomb (1964) - Satire on the Cold War and the nuclear crisis • Peter Sellers

  12. Stanley Kubrick • 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968) - SF film

  13. Stanley Kubrick • Clockwork Orange (1971) - Adaptation of Anthony Burgess’ novel; satire on violence (personal and public)

  14. Stanley Kubrick • Barry Lyndon (1974) - a history film or costume drama

  15. Stanley Kubrick • Shining (1980) - Horror film

  16. Stanley Kubrick • Full Metal Jacket (1987) - the training of Vietnam recruits and the corruption of the narrator in the war. • Eyes Wide Shut (1999) -

  17. 2001: A Space Odyssey • Made in 1968, a year after Bonnie and Clyde • Took two and a half year and cost $10.5 million.

  18. 2001: A Space Odyssey • Mythic vision of the relationship between man and machine • Philosophical contemplation

  19. 2001: A Space Odyssey • Audacious visual design and use of colours • Bold use of music, Richard Strauss’ Also Sprach Zaratustra

  20. 2001: A Space Odyssey • Very bold Associative cut (graphic match) • Ellipsis of several million years from the prehistoric age to 2001

  21. 2001: A Space Odyssey • Simplified and geometrical set design and composition • Juxtaposition of Johan Strauss’ Blue Danube and the floating space station

  22. 2001: A Space Odyssey • Ridley Scott’s The Alien (1974) • Maze of corridors and cluttered lived-in space of the spacecraft, Nostromo

  23. 2001: A Space Odyssey • In Section II a monolith similar to the one which appeared in Section I is found. • In Section III a battle between astronauts and the super computer, HAL. • State of art composition and editing

  24. 2001: A Space Odyssey • Section IV: • The surviving astronaut’s hallucinatory trip through space and time

  25. 2001: A Space Odyssey • The astronaut arrives as an old man in a white bedroom furnished in Louis XVI style. • The final frame - his rebirth as embryonic Star-Child.

  26. 2001: A Space Odyssey • Being enigmatic, mystical and sensuous, what is 2001: A Space Odyssey about? • It resists interpretation. • The film is ‘… essentially a nonverbal experience … It attempts to communicate more to the subconscious and the feelings than it does to the intellect.’ Stanley Kubrick

  27. Barry Lyndon • The film almost equal to 2001 in historical importance • Historical drama made in 1975 and based on William Thackeray’s novel in the 19th century

  28. Barry Lyndon • Expressively lit and photographed • Most sensuous photography • Photographed by John Alcott, (Clockwork Orange and Shining)