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12th WaterNet | WARFSA | GWP-SA Symposium 26 Oct 2011, Maputo, Mozambique PowerPoint Presentation
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12th WaterNet | WARFSA | GWP-SA Symposium 26 Oct 2011, Maputo, Mozambique

12th WaterNet | WARFSA | GWP-SA Symposium 26 Oct 2011, Maputo, Mozambique

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12th WaterNet | WARFSA | GWP-SA Symposium 26 Oct 2011, Maputo, Mozambique

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  1. 12th WaterNet | WARFSA | GWP-SA Symposium 26 Oct 2011, Maputo, Mozambique CLICO(Climate Change, Hydro-Conflict and Human Security)Jakob RhynerUNU Institute for Environment and Human Security, Bonn

  2. UNU Facts and Figures • Founded in 1973 • At present 14 Institutes in 12 countries • 20 Associated institutions • (e.g. University of Bonn) • Staff: around 600

  3. United Nations University The Campus

  4. United Nations University The Twinning Concept UNU-FLORES Institute for Integrated Management of Material Fluxes and of Resources TU Dresden – Maputo 2nd Scoping Workshop Maputo, 24-25 Oct 2011

  5. Institute for Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS) Organized in 4 Sections: • EMSVA: Environmental Migration, Social Vulnerability & Adaptation Koko Warner • VARMAP: Vulnerability Assessment, Risk Management & Adaptive Planning • Joern Birkmann • EVES: Environmental Vulnerability & Ecosystem Services • Fabrice Renaud • EGECHS: Enhancing Graduate Educational Capacities for Human Security • Jörg Szarzynski (since 1 Oct 2011)

  6. Waterrelated EHS projects in Africa WASCAL – West African Science Service Center on Climate Change and Adapted Land Use (Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote d’Ivoire, Ghana, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Gambia, Togo, Senegal). BMBF Germany CLICO – Climate Change Hydro-Conflict and Human Security (UNU-EHS: Case study Niger). European Commission FP7

  7. Waterrelated EHS projects in Africa WASCAL – West African Science Service Center on Climate Change and Adapted Land Use (Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote d’Ivoire, Ghana, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Gambia, Togo, Senegal). BMBF Germany CLICO – Climate Change Hydro-Conflict and Human Security (UNU-EHS: Case study Niger). European Commission FP7

  8. The CLICO project • A three year project (2010 - 2012) financed by the European Commission which mobilizes 14 research teams from Europe, North Africa, Sahel and the Middle East. • It aims to fill this gap in knowledge over the social dimensions of climate change. • It examines whether hydro-climatic hazards such as droughts and floods intensify social conflicts or whether they catalyse cooperation in the Mediterranean, Middle East and Sahel,. • Eleven cases of hydro-conflicts will be studied ranging from Niger, Sudan, the Jordan and Nile basins to Cyprus, Italy and the Sinai desert. A large dataset of hydro-conflicts in the Mediterranean, Middle East and Sahel will be regressed against climatic, hydrological and socio-economic variables

  9. Focus of CLICO • Much of debate on climatechange and hydrologicalimpactfocuses on national security and potential forarmedconflict • In CLICO wecomplementthiswithattentionto the regional and localscales and with a concernfor the impacts of climatechange on vulnerable livelihoods. • CLICO takes a criticallookat the sources of vulnerabilitiesthatundermine human security and the governancearrangementsnecessarytoenhanceadaptation.

  10. CLICO Case Studies Mediterranean, Middle East and Sahel The island of Cyprus The Andalusia-Moroccobiosphere Sarnobasin, Italy Lower Ebro Basin, Spain Niger Alexandria, Egypt Sudan Seyhan Basin, Turkey Jordan Basin Sinai Desert, Egypt NileBasin, Ethiopia

  11. Niger Case Study • Analyzes the human security through the lens of ecosystem services • Divergent rural constituents: farmers and herders • Focus on the local and regional scale • Incorporatemulti-levelinstitutions

  12. Main Research Questions Q1: How have changes in ecosystem services, social vulnerability, and governance factors contributed to human insecurity amongst herders and farmers in Niger? Q2: How are conflicting adaptation mechanisms enhancing conflict or cooperation relative to the institutional, environmental and social dynamics?

  13. Methodology

  14. THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION! UNITED NATIONS UNIVERSITYInstitute for Environmentand Human Security (UNU-EHS)Hermann-Ehlers-Str. 1053113 Bonn, GermanyTel.: + 49-228-815-0200Fax: + 49-228-815-0299e-mail: rhyner@ehs.unu.eduwww.ehs.unu.edu