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Management of hypertension - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Management of hypertension
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  1. Management of hypertension By Dr. SajidHussain

  2. objectives • Recall the etiology of hypertension. • List the major classes of antihypertensive drugs. • Name at least two drugs of each group. • Describe the mechanism of action of these drug groups. • List major adverse effects and contraindications of these drugs. • Discuss the stepped care strategy in hypertension management.

  3. Categories of hypertension

  4. Classification of hypertension

  5. Etiology / causes of hypertension

  6. Cardiovascular risk factors

  7. Target organ damage

  8. Drugs used to treat hypertension

  9. Drugs used to treat hypertension (contd.)

  10. Drugs used to treat hypertension (contd.)

  11. Hypokalemia Hyperuricemia hyponatremia

  12. Bradycardia Impotency bronchospasm Flushing Headache Reflex tachycardia Ankle edema

  13. Subclass MOA effecs clinical applications toxicity

  14. Stepped care strategy for hypertensionA-ACE inhibitors, B-beta blockers, c-calcium channel blocker, D- Diuretics See next slide

  15. Preferred antihypertensive in secondary hypertension

  16. References: Katzung’s basic and clinical pharmacology Harrisons internal medicine- Internet resource