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Adult population in the city of Rome: Seeking for a labour market without age bounds. LAPs & RAPs Second Peer Review Exchanges Workshop Rome, 3 - 6 May 2006. Claudia Villante, FGB Alessandra Caretta, FGB. Outline of presentation. Adult population in Rome: an overview

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adult population in the city of rome seeking for a labour market without age bounds

Adult population in the city of Rome: Seeking for a labour market without age bounds

LAPs & RAPs

Second Peer Review Exchanges Workshop

Rome, 3 - 6 May 2006

Claudia Villante, FGB

Alessandra Caretta, FGB

outline of presentation
Outline of presentation
  • Adult population in Rome: an overview
  • National and Local facts and policies
  • Recommendations
slide4
1. Adult population in Rome

Substantial change in the demographic structure of population.

Labour ageing involve both economic and social consequences: it constrains labour supply and economic growth potential and increases the risk connected to the sustainability of social protection system

1 over45 by occupational condition
1. Over45 by occupational condition…

‘Early exit trend’. This trend – that has been most extreme in the continental welfare states and especially in the service sectors– has dominated the past three decades of many local labour markets.

1 and by age
1.… and by age

Old-out/young-in policy

Downsizing of companies

Training: low participation

“Black” economy

1 some significant groups
1. Some significant groups
  • High level professions
  • Low level professions
  • Unemployed
  • Inactive women

Breakingdown by household size

Plural Approach

1 unemployed
1. Unemployed

Innovative methodologies are crucial to plan new interventions for older people

Certification of Competences

Long life learning

1 over45 unemployed
1. Over45 unemployed
  • Why left last job:
  • The main reasons were dismissions and expired contracts;
  • Illness is also a significant factor

Managing of demografic change

but also

Managing restructuring process

  • Sectors of provenience:
  • construction and services
slide14
1. Inactives

Women leaving job, due to family charge

Women need training and assessment

2 main facts
2. Main facts
  • Ageing population (sharp presence of baby boomers, 15% of pop is aged 40-49ys)
  • The local economy is based on services and retail dinstribution
  • Over45 employment rate is 35.9%
  • 36.8% of adults (aged 45-64ys) is inactive or seeking a job
  • 53.8% of adult women is not-employed
  • Among the inactives (35.4% of over45) the percentage of women is more than 50%
  • Strong correlation between employment and education
2 national and local actions
2. National and Local actions

At national Level

At local Level

  • Restrictions to early retirement
  • Increase of age-retirement
  • Increasing the opportunities of flexible working models
  • Improving systems of education and training to be more in line with labour market needs
  • Improving actions to achieving a more balanced pattern of local development and employment.
  • Life long learning (EDA projects)
  • Other initiatives
2 lll governance
2. LLL: governance
  • Under the subsidiarity principle, regions along with MIUR (Regional School Directorate) are in charge of programming taking into account the municipalities point of view.
  • Inter-institutional Agreement of March 2000 allows Municipalities to develop policies on adult education having regard to the territorial needs.
2 eda http www educazionepermanenteroma it
2. EDA:http://www.educazionepermanenteroma.it
  • Municipality of Rome jointly with zones I, V, VI, VII, IX, XIII, XV is carrying out 5 projects funded by Region Lazio through ESF.
  • The five projects aim at:
    • Building and developing the Local Committee for adult education (EDA)
    • Planning EDA system at different local level (municipality and zones)
    • Increasing and improving the local educational provision
2 eda http www educazionepermanenteroma it1
2. EDA:http://www.educazionepermanenteroma.it
  • Promoting Local Commettee and supporting their work
  • Increasing local training offer
  • Integrating formal educational system, vocational training and non formal education

Main

objectives

  • To asset the Local Commettee as stable structure, managed by the local Government
  • To define a network between vocational training organisations, company, schools and employment services

Principal

Activities

slide20
2. Other initiatives: “Sportello lavoro over40”
  • Started on October 2005
  • Promoted by Associations “Atdal” and “Lavoro over 40” jointly with Municipio XVII
  • Offering job counselling to people aged more than 40 years
  • Developing a participating model on the territory of Rome between institution and worker needs
slide21
2. Main results
  • Around 100 beneficiaries coming from all the Municipality of Rome
  • Prevailing age group: 40-50ys
  • Male/Female 50%
  • Prevailing educational level: medium (diploma)
  • Most curricula present temporary job
  • Risk of social exclusion
  • Large presence of extra-EU immigrant workers (30 % )

Source: www.atdal.it e www.lavoro-over40.it

slide22
2. Beneficiaries profile

Education

low

high

Age groups

medium

Occupation

Permanent

Temporary

Source: www.atdal.it e www.lavoro-over40.it

3 recommendation
3. Recommendation

Local Committee for EDA: a good practice

Vocational, educational and labour systems integration finalized to an appropriate fulfillment of people training: the interventions have to consider specific strategies and actions based on each learning context feature.

Competences certification: plays a key role to let transit among different systems

Catching a large number of beneficiaries: the vulnerables groups meet main difficulties. Tools for individual demand are required (e.g. Learning Individual Account)

“Active Citinzenship”. Implementing basic and transversal competences especiallly for the vulnerables groups

3 w hat kind of policy
3. What kind of policy?
  • Promoting and supporting health of ageing labour force
  • Strengthening the training for adults, especially women
  • Promoting new approaches and new activities into the “services of employment” (Col) (e.g. re-employment individual projects, training individual projects, self employment)
  • Taylored interventions for specific clusters of beneficiaries.
recommendations
Recommendations

Policy for older people: design and implementation

Strategies and policy to activate labour force

Social Policy to guarantee active citizenship

Promote older Worker training

Early exit

Late exit

Re-entry

Retention

High quality of life

Social need

Provisions

To extend the good practice of EDA

Reform of Welfare State

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