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一、单词

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  1. 一、单词

  2. 同音词指的是声、韵、调完全相同,而意义完全不同的一组词。同音词指的是声、韵、调完全相同,而意义完全不同的一组词。 1、too, to, two 2、by, buy, bye • 3、see, sea 4、no, know • 5、here, hear 6、there, their • 7、eye, I 8、flour, flower • 9、wear, where 10、for, four • 11、son, sun 12、its, it’s • 13. whose who’s 14. dear, deer • 15. hair, hare, 16. pair, pear • 17.aunt, aren’t 18. be, bee • 19. tail, tale

  3. 名词复数: match 1.fox brush dish class potato 2.tomato 3.leaf knife shelf 4.fly body family library 5.mouse sheep child tooth 注意: piano toy donkey noise radio

  4. 反义词----形容词类 • big(大的)--- little(小的) large(大的)--- small(小的) • bad(坏的)---good(好的) beautiful(美的)--- ugly(丑的) • cold(冷的)--- hot(热的) cool(凉爽的)----- warm(温暖的) • dry(干燥的)----wet(潮湿的) clean(干净的)---dirty(脏的) • early(早的)--- late(迟的) fast(快的)--- slow(慢的) • happy(高兴的)--- sad(悲伤的)young(年轻的)---old(年老的) • new(新的)---old(旧的) quiet(轻的)--- loud(响的) • quiet(安静的)--- noisy(吵的) busy(忙的)-----free(闲的) • short(矮的)---tall(高的) short(短的)---long(长的) • thin(瘦的)----- fat(肥的) heavy(重的)---slim(清瘦的) • thick(厚的)----- thin(薄的) hard(硬的)---soft(软的) • smooth(光滑的)---rough(粗糙的) full(饱的)---hungry(饿的) • full(满的)---empty(空的) lazy(懒惰的)---hard-working(努力的) • clever(聪明的)--- silly/foolish/stupid(笨的) • high 高的 -- low 低的 rich (富有的)--poor(贫穷的) • lucky幸运的—unlucky 不幸的 kind (友善的)–unkind(不善良的)

  5. 反义词 动词类: • come(来)---- go(去) open(开)----- close(关) • turn on(开)----turn off(关) stand(站)----- sit(坐) • take(拿走)--- bring(带来) buy(买)----sell(卖) 介词、副词类: • inside(里面)-- outside(外面) in(里)-- out(外) • in front of(前面)---behind(后面) • up(向上)------ down(向下) • left(左面)---- right(右面)here (这里)---there (那里)

  6. 现在分词 • 1)直接在动词后加ing • read—reading, drink—drinking, • eat—eating, listen—listening, • sweep—sweeping, jump—jumping • rain—raining, sail—sailing, • sleep—sleeping,climb—climbing, • do—doing, fight—fighting • fly—flying, play—playing, • cook—cooking, watch—watching, • sing—singing, wash—washing,

  7. 现在分词 • 2) 以e 结尾的动词,去掉e 再加ing • make—making, ride—riding, • dance—dancing, write—writing, • take—taking, dive—diving, • live—living, come—coming, • have—having, drive—driving • hike---hiking, ice-skate----ice-skating • cycle—cycling, chase----chasing • share—sharing, shake—shaking, • give—giving, save---saving, • close—closing, taste—tasting,

  8. 现在分词 3)重读闭音节(只有一个元音一个辅音时)要双写结尾的辅音字母再加ing • hop—hopping, swim—swimming, • run—running, sit—sitting, • put—putting, get—getting, • mop—mopping, shop—shopping, • begin—beginning, jog----jogging, • dig—digging, cut—cutting, • set—setting, skip—skipping • clap—clapping

  9. 三单 • 1.多数在动词后加s play—plays like—likes • 2.以s,x,sh,ch,o结尾的动词加es go—goes wash--washes • 3.以辅音字母加y结尾,把y改i再加es fly—flies • 写出下列动词的第三人称单数形式 • teach__________ wash__________ • guess__________ watch__________ • go__________ do___________ • have__________ • study__________ fly__________ • cry__________ play__________

  10. 人称代词: 主格: 宾格: 物主代词: I me my him his he she her her you your you it its it we us our they them their

  11. 宾格: 1.动词后加宾格 Listen to ___ (she), she is singing. Put ___ (they) in your bag.

  12. 2.介词后加宾格 Alice is sitting behind ___ (he). The tree is in front of ___ (we).

  13. 物主代词: _____ (it) ears are big . ___ (it) name is Foggy. This is ___ (he) recorder. ___ (they) teacher is old.

  14. 二、词组

  15. the Chens 陈家 the Chen family 陈家 are 1.The Chens ____ at the beach. are 2.The Chen family ____ watching TV. is 3.The Chen family ____ big.

  16. in the tree 在树上 The monkey is playing in the tree. There are some boys in the tree.

  17. on the tree 长在树上 There are many apples on the tree. The leaves on the tree are yellow and brown.

  18. on the beach 在沙滩上 at the beach 在海边 • Look, the boys are playing volleyball __________. • The Tan family are swimming and playing happily ___________.

  19. at the top of 在…顶上 • 在山顶上 2. 在树顶上 • BUT: 在屋顶上 • on the roof

  20. play the + 乐器 recorder play the piano violin guitar triangle play + 球类运动 play soccer tennis basketball badminton

  21. Put… on /in/ behind… 把…放在某个地方 1.Don’t ___ my book ___ the ground. It’s dirty. 2.___ your math book ___ your desk. It’s English lesson.

  22. be worried about 为…担心 1.I ______ tomorrow’s Maths test. 2. My mother ______ me because I hurt my right leg yesterday.

  23. be (also) called… 被称为… 1.Football ______ soccer. 2. Table tennis is also called ________. 3. Yao Ming ______Little Giant.

  24. 表示时间的介词短语 in spring, in January, in 2009 in the morning/afternoon/evening on Monday, on June 23rd at six, at noon, at night

  25. 时间表达法

  26. 固定用法 like doing shopping Kitty likes __________(购物). 划线提问:What does Kitty like doing? Do you like ___________(游泳)? No, but I like __________(打网球).

  27. 注意以下表达法: 两班的学生 pupils in Class Two 上海的天气 the weather in Shanghai 沙滩上的长凳上 on the bench on the beach

  28. 三、句型

  29. 现在进行时态:表示现在(说话瞬间)正在进行或发生的动作。现在进行时态:表示现在(说话瞬间)正在进行或发生的动作。 格式:主语+be+动词ing now Look, Listen, It’s (时间) 1.Look, these children _______ (dig) holes. are digging

  30. 3. The girl is in the hall. The girl is dancing. (二合一) The girl is dancing in the hall. 4. They ___________ (not sleep) in the bedroom. They _________ ( play) in the park. aren’t sleeping are playing

  31. Ella is shaking a big treein the forest. 1 2 3 1.Whois shaking a big tree in the forest? 2.What is Ella doing in the forest? 3.Where is Ella shaking a big tree?

  32. 一般现在时:表示经常发生的事情 • 时间状语:often, usually, always, every day, at…在几点钟, on Monday, in spring • 只有第三人称单数用动词三单,其余动词均用原形 (1) 主语为第三人称单数: The sun shines. The wind blows. My grandmother goes swimming on Monday. (2) 主语为第一,二人称及复数: Leaves fall in autumn. We eat breakfast at seven o’clock.

  33. 一般现在时 肯定句,否定句及一般疑问句: 1) I go to school early in the morning. I don’t go to school early in the morning. Do you go to school early in the morning? Yes, I do. / No, I don’t. 2) Her teacher wants juice. Her teacher doesn’t want juice. Does her teacher want juice? Yes, she does. / No, she doesn’t.

  34. 一般现在时特殊疑问句 1.My Mum goes shoppingon Monday. 1 2 1.What does your Mum do on Monday? 2.When does your Mum go shopping? 2.They play badmintonin the gym. 1 2 1.What do they do in the gym? 1.Where do they play badminton?

  35. There be 句型 • “there be...”句型是表示什么地方有什么东西的常用基本结构。 • Be 动词取决于最接近be动词的名词数量。 • 例如: • There is some ice on the lake. 湖上有些冰。 • There are three students in the classroom. 教室有三个学生。 • There is a rubber and three rulers on the desk. 书桌上有一块橡皮和三把尺。

  36. 单数:There is 复数:There are There are some apples on the tree. (单数) There is an apple on the tree.

  37. 1 2 There be 句型特殊疑问句: There is an apple on the tree. 1. How many applesare there on the tree? 2. What’s on the tree?

  38. have/has got句型 单数:has got 复数:have got 1. My sister has got some puzzles. 2. ___ (have) the boy got a toy? No, but I ___(have).

  39. 祈使句句型 • 以动词原形,please或者是don’t开头的句子,注意这些句子是表达命令或者要求的。 • 如Bring me a bowl, please. • Please open the door. • Don’t turn off the light.等。 这些句子是没有主语的,所以全都用动词原形。

  40. can/ can’t 句型 格式:can/can’t+动词原型 1. Can Milly ___ (shake) the tree? 2. Can you ___ (drive)? No, but I can ____ (ride).

  41. 3.Ella can shake a big treein the forest. 4. ___ can he ___? He can paint.

  42. 3个用动词原形的地方 1.can/ can’t + 动词原形 Can your friend ___ (fly) an aeroplane? No, but he can ____(sail) the boat.

  43. 3个用动词原形的地方 2.祈使句 (1)Don’t ___ (make) a noise in the classroom. (2) ___ (open) the window. I am hot.

  44. 3个用动词原型的地方 3. Let (1)Let’s ___ (make) a cake for Kitty. (2) It’s raining now. Let her ___ (play) at home.

  45. 特殊疑问句 whose 格式:whose+名词 1. Mog is Milly’s friend. 2. These are my old brushes. 3. Your ears are big.

  46. 特殊疑问句who 1. Mog is Milly’s friend. 2.___ your friend? Kitty is. 3. Ella is shaking the tree.

  47. 特殊疑问句How does/ do 单数:How does _____? 复数:How do ______? 1. My rubber feels small and hard. 2. These grapes taste sour.

  48. 3. ___ ___ your apple ___? It ___ nice. 4. ___ ___ these oranges ___? They ___ sweet.

  49. 特殊疑问句 how many 1. ___ ___ ____ in Class Two ___ pets? Four pupils have pets. 2.One child in Group Three ____ soldiers. But five ____ in Group Four ____ soldiers.

  50. How many 比较How much 1. ___ ___ masks are there? ___ ___ one mask. 2.. ___ ___ is the mask? ___ ___ three yuan. 1. ___ ___ are those toys? ___ ___ 10 yuan each.