Culture and Literacy Master Teacher 06
Master Teacher 06 Topics • Culture and Social Identity • Reading in a Language Not Your Own • Reading for Spanish speakers • Vocabulary Development • Writing Text: Teaching English as a Second or Foreign Language (third edition) by Marianne Celce-Murcia
Participant Goals and Interest • Vocab activities to help remember and memorize • LD Reading – • Speaking and listening – • Communication skills (fluency) • Accuracy • Reading – reciprocal teaching • Transition
How did you get your name? • (see hand-out)
Language and Culture Same and Different
Culture and Social Identity Toward Cross-cultural Competence • Community Building and Discussion • What’s in a Name? • Venn Diagrams to catch differences and similarities • Stages of Acculturation • Factors in shaping degrees of acculturation • Need to belong/assimilation • Oppositional • Integration • Cross-cultural competence • What do you do? • What do you say?
Dimensions of Culture • Aesthetic - high culture – music, art, museums, history • Socio-cultural – linked to customs and institutions; celebrations; beliefs • Semantic – culture embodied in language • Street culture • Sports metaphors • Semiotics – signs and symbols, gestures (e.g., hand signals) • Pragmatic – what language is appropriate for what context? Negotiating ad finding your ways between cultures
Stages of Acculturation Euphoria • Excitement, enthusiasm, and optimism Culture Shock • Anxiety to panic; possible hostility Anomie • personal state of isolation and anxiety resulting from a lack of social control and regulation; but also gradual recovery of equilibrium; acknowledgement of positive and negative aspects of both cultures Acceptance and Adaptation • Acceptance of a new culture • Recovery of self-confidence and identity
Stages of Grief The stages Kuebler-Ross identified are: • Denial (this isn't happening to me!) • Anger (why is this happening to me?) • Bargaining (I promise I'll be a better person if...) • Depression (I don't care anymore) • Acceptance (I'm ready for whatever comes)
Minorities and Acculturation • New immigrants and refugees (foreign-born) • push/pull factors • Established immigrants and indigenous groups • Voluntary assimilation vs. forced assimilation • Marked (ethno-linguistic markers) vs. unmarked • Strong relationship between ethnic conflict and marginalization • Voluntary assimilation vs. forced assimilation • Resistance and opposition of ”caste like” minorities • In discussion culture, there is a danger of mixing up socio-economic level with culture and race • Ideology: Focus on individual (changes in behaviors and values vs. focus on social change (providing access and opportunity).
Multi-cultural vs. anti-racist Teaching • Kumbaya and pot lucks vs. hitting topics head-on • Discrimination – legal and otherwise • What does the law say? • Sexual harassment? What is it? What is it not? • Options and consequences • The need to problematize – multiple perspectives • Dealing with prejudices • When students bring in examples • When students make comments and express negative attitudes
What do you do, what do you say? • You are an hour late for a party – you still have to drive 30 minutes • You drive to an important job interview. On the way, a dog (a German shepherd) runs across the street. You hit the dog. • Your supervisor at work asks you to have a cup of coffee in the cafeteria. You do not like him/her. • Your friend asks. Do you think this dress makes me look fat? • An acquaintance says: Nice watch. How much did it cost? • You notice that a neighbor has black and blue marks all over her. • You are a K-12 teacher; you notice that a 6 year old student has dark purple marks on her back and you suspect abuse. • You are late for a very important meeting. There is only one parking spot left. It is in a handicapped zone. • Your friend makes more money than you. He always picks up the check when you have lunch or dinner. • Someone is talking very loudly on the cell phone in a restaurant. • Your 15 year daughter announces that she is pregnant. She has a boyfriend but she is not married. • You find out that your husband/wife maintains a second marriage in Juarez. There are children.