Do Now 10/6/14: Copy the following: • Rule of law- The legal principle that law should govern a nation, and not arbitrary decisions by individual government officials or a monarchy. • Due process of the law- The legal requirement that the government must respect all of the legal rights that are owed to a person. • Individual liberty- Individual freedoms from government interference or control. • Limited government- A political system in which legalized force is restricted through delegated (given to others) and enumerated (listed one by one) powers. • Consent of the governed- The idea that a government's legitimacy and moral right to use state power is only justified and legal when derived from the people or society over which that political power is exercised.
Do Now 10/7/14 • The trial of King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette: Consider the alleged crimes that King Louis XVI and his wife Marie Antoinette have allegedly committed against the people of France. You will be their judge and jury. Write your answers in complete sentences and be ready to discuss. • In your opinion, what should they be on trial for? What crimes have they allegedly committed? • Are they guilty of these crimes? Why? • What should their sentence or penalty be? What implications might this penalty have on the nation of France?
Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen We will read the rights together. • Put #8on the top of your sheet so you know where it will go in the notebook. • As we read through each declaration, compare it to the US Bill of Rights on Page 73 or the Declaration of Independence introduction on page 80. If you can find an amendment or part of the Declaration that is similar, write its number to the left of the corresponding number on your paper. • When we are finished, underline the three declarations that you consider most important. • Explain, in a sentence or two why, at the bottom of your paper.
#7 Chapter 3.2 The French Revolution Unfolds What political and social reforms did the National Assembly institute in the first stage of the French Revolution?
Starving peasants took out their anger on the nobles • Many factions, or dissenting groups of people, struggled for power • Moderates looked to the Marquis de Lafayette for leadership, but a more radical group, the Paris Commune, took over the city’s government
Revolt • The storming of the Bastille along with the peasant revolts forced the National Assembly to act • Nobles gave up their privileges • In late August, the Assembly issued the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen • It proclaimed that all male citizens were equal • However, it did not grant equal rights to women • Journalist Olympe de Gouges wrote a declaration that did, but the Assembly did not accept it
In the meantime, the king hesitated to accept reforms • His queen, Marie Antoinette, angered many for spending money while people starved • Thousands of women marched to Versailles, where the royal family lived, and demanded the king to return to Paris
The National Assembly soon drafted the Constitution of 1791, which reflected Enlightenment goals, stating that all male citizens were equal under the law, and placing the Church under state control • Events in France caused debate all over Europe; some praised the reforms while rulers feared the French Revolution and worried that the rebellion would spread
What were some attempted improvements? • The horror stories told by French emigres who fled the revolution added to the fear • In October 1791, the newly elected Legislative Assembly took power but did little to improve conditions • Working class men and women called sans-culottes pushed for a more radical action
Some demanded a republic • The Jacobins, a revolutionary political club, supported the sans-culottes • The radicals soon controlled the Legislative Assembly • They were eager to spread the revolution and declared war against Austria and other European monarchies