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And the War Ends

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  1. And the War Ends Ms. Bolognini

  2. The Confederacy Wears Down • Two victories cost South badly • Supplies and public support very low • Weak gov’t-no central authority • Lincoln appoints Grant head of army • Grant appoints William Tecumseh Sherman his right hand man • Belief in TOTAL WAR

  3. War of Attrition • Wear the South out through a “battle of attrition” by relentlessly attacking Lee and pushing toward Richmond. Grant make Why was this strategy more possible for the North? • William Tecumseh Sherman next in command • Sherman to move from Tenn. to Atlanta waging TOTAL WAR (destruction of everything in his path to take public support out of the war) • Both Sherman and Grant were strong adherents of the total war philosophy

  4. Grant and Lee in Virginia • Grant chases Lee throughout area of Virginia, the “Wilderness” near Fredericksburg-tough fighting • Grant willing to sacrifice lots of men & knew that Lee could not • Grant losses 60K men to Lee’s 32K • Loss of public support in North; Lincoln’s 1864 campaign suffers

  5. Battle of the Wilderness

  6. Sherman’s March to the Sea • 1864, public support in North falling due to human losses and indecisive battles • Lincoln/Johnson vs. McClellan • Looks like Lincoln might lose, but tide is turned with news of Sherman’s march to Atlanta (waging total war) • Lincoln wins; 212 to 21; 55% of popular vote • Sherman reaches Atlanta (September 2, 1864) and marches North taking Savannah (December 1864) and then heads towards Grant

  7. Sherman’s March to the Sea

  8. The Surrender at Appomattox • Grant and Sherman closing in on Lee • Davis abandons Richmond and burns city so Union could not take it (900 buildings &100s homes) • April 9, 1865-Lee met Grant at Appomattox Courthouse in VA to surrender • Grant allowed Confed. soldiers just to go home without charging them

  9. Lee Surrenders to Grant

  10. Results of the War Soldier Dead: 360K Union & 260K Confederate Soldiers Injured: 275K Union & 225K Confederate (amputees) $3.3 billion combined spending (budget!) Lincoln assassinated by John Wilkes Booth on April 14, 1865 at the Ford’s Theatre Booth escapes to Virginia; large manhunt; nation grieves He was shot dead 12 days later Lincoln dies; Andrew Johnson president