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How Ironic!. Situational : something happens that we wouldn’t expect to happen. Example: a fire station burns down.

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Situational: something happens that we wouldn’t expect to happen

Example: a fire station burns down

Definition: a contrast between what is expected and what actually happens contradiction between appearance and reality, between expectation and outcome, or between meaning and intention.

Example: a fire station burns down

irony

Dramatic: the reader knows something the characters do not

Verbal: what is said is different than what is meant

Home Alone: We know that Kevin has planted traps every where, but the thieves don’t!

“You got straight A’s on your report card? I’m so disappointed!”

situational irony
Situational Irony
  • Occurs when something happens that contradicts our expectation.
  • Rock trio ZZ Top is famously associated with the chest-length beards of guitarist Billy Gibbons and bassist Dusty Hill. The group's drummer, who only has a mustache, happens to be named Frank Beard.
  • A man jumps over a giant waterfall like Niagara Falls in a barrel and survives, only to take a clean-up shower where he slips on the soap and dies from trauma.
  • Arnold Schwarzenegger, an actor famous for his violence in film, campaigning against violence in video games in general - which ironically includes those featuring his own characters.
  • Rapper Ice-T, once famous for his “Cop Killer” album, now plays a cop on Law & Order: SVU.
  • An anti-technology website.
verbal irony
Verbal Irony
  • Occurs when someone says something that deliberately contradicts what that person actually means.
  • You have a six-foot tall friend who you call “shorty.”
  • You planned six months in advance for good weather on your wedding day. It is suddenly raining and hailing. You step outside and say, “Oh good! I was hoping it would rain.”
dramatic irony
Dramatic Irony
  • In Cinderella, the prince goes searching for the “princess” who lost her slipper at the ball. The prince does not know that she is a poor girl, almost a slave to her stepsisters and stepmother. It is ironic because we know the owner of the shoe is Cinderella, a poor girl, but he thinks it is a girl that comes from great wealth.
identify the following examples of irony as situational dramatic or verbal
Identify the following examples of irony as situational, dramatic, or verbal…

George breaks a date with his girlfriend so he can go to a ball game with the guys. At the concession stand, he runs into his girlfriend with another guy.

a situational irony
A: SITUATIONAL IRONY
  • We do not expect George to see his girlfriend with another guy.
situational irony1
SITUATIONAL IRONY

We don’t expect a FITNESS CENTER to have an escalator because they cause you to burn FEWER calories.

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You are watching a horror movie. You know that the boogey man is waiting for the main character in the closet, but the character doesn’t know and unknowingly opens the closet door.
a dramatic irony
A: DRAMATIC IRONY
  • You, as the audience, know something that the main character does not.
a situational irony1
A: Situational Irony
  • You wouldn’t expect to see a Pepsi delivery man drinking a Coke!
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As you walk outside into the pouring rain, your friend sarcastically comments, “What lovely weather we’re having today.”
a verbal irony
A: VERBAL IRONY
  • Your friend is saying that it is lovely weather but what she means is just the opposite. It is a very dreary day.
situational irony2
SITUATIONAL IRONY

The guy is calling the protestors stupid, but he spelled, “morons” wrong!

a situational irony2
A: SITUATIONAL IRONY
  • We wouldn’t expect a POLICE STATION to get robbed. They investigate robberies!
situational
SITUATIONAL

The van drove into a “School of Safe Driving .” Hahahahahaha! We wouldn’t expect that.

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Your date for the school dance shows up in ripped jeans and a stained t-shirt. With a smirk, you say, “Oh! I see you dressed up for the occasion.”
a verbal irony1
A: VERBAL IRONY
  • What you’ve said is different than what you mean. You mean that your date hasn’t bothered to dress up at all, but that isn’t what you said!
situational irony3
SITUATIONAL IRONY
  • It is ironic that a McDonald’s sign is beside a sign about obesity!
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When watching a talk show, the audience knows why a person has been brought on the show. However, the person in the chair does not know that he/she is going to be reunited with a long

lost friend.

a dramatic irony1
A: DRAMATIC IRONY
  • The audience knows information that a character does not! (We know why the person has been brought on the show, but he/she doesn’t!)
situational1
SITUATIONAL
  • Would you expect someone that lives here to specialize in complete home repair?