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Let me tell you about. Let me tell you about. The Present Perfect. (De Voltooid Tegenwoordige Tijd). Let me tell you about. The Present Perfect. De PRESENT PERFECT wordt gevormd door:. have/has. +. voltooid deelwoord. I have You have He has She has It has We have You have

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Let me tell you about...

The Present Perfect

(De Voltooid Tegenwoordige Tijd)

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Let me tell you about...

The Present Perfect

De PRESENT PERFECT wordt gevormd door:

have/has

+

voltooid deelwoord

I have

You have

He has

She has

It has

We have

You have

They have

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Let me tell you about...

The Present Perfect

Explanation in Dutch 1:

De Present Perfect gebruik je:

A. als iets in het verleden begon en nog niet voorbij is, bijv.:

Hij woont al 20 jaar in Vlaardingen.

He has lived in Vlaardingen for 20 years.

B. als er iets gebeurd is waarvan je nu het resultaat ziet. Er staat niet bij wanneer het gebeurd is, bijv.:

Sorry voor de rommel. Ik heb mijn fiets gerepareerd.

Sorry for the mess. I have repaired my bike.

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Let me tell you about...

The Present Perfect

Explanation in Dutch 2:

De Present Perfect gebruik je NIET:

C. als er bij staat wanneer het gebeurd is, want dan gebruik je de Past Simple.

 DUS:

Het heeft gesneeuwd. = It has snowed.

(er staat NIET bij wanneer het heeft gesneeuwd)

 MAAR:

Gisteren heeft het gesneeuwd. = Yesterday it snowed.

(er staat WEL bij wanneer het heeft gesneeuwd)

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Let me tell you about...

The Present Perfect

Exercise 1: Find the verbs in the Present Perfect

(Zoek de werkwoorden die in de voltooid tegenwoordige tijd staan.)

1. Tom is looking for his key. He can’t find it. He has lost his key.

2. Are Harry & Sally here? No, they have gone out.

3. The road is closed. There has been an accident.

4. Ow! I’ve cut my finger!

5. The police have arrested two men in connection with the robbery.

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Let me tell you about...

The Present Perfect

Check your answers:

(Controleer je antwoorden)

1. Tom is looking for his key. He can’t find it.

He has lost his key.

2. Are Harry & Sally here? No, they have gone out.

3. The road is closed. There has been an accident.

4. Ow! I’ve cut my finger!

5. The police have arrested two men in connection with the robbery.

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Let me tell you about...

The Present Perfect

RULE 1: Regular verbs

  • The Present Perfect ends in -ed:
  • I work in a travel agency now. Before that I …………………………… in a shop for two years.
  • We ……………………… here since 1989.
  • The car ……… just ………………, its engine is still running.

have worked

have lived

has

stopped

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Let me tell you about...

The Present Perfect

Regular verbs - Spelling rules

Als het hele werkwoord eindigt op:

A. medeklinker +y? Dan verandert de -y in -ied.

Example: Today I study. Yesterday I studied.

B. medeklinker waar een korte beklemtoonde klinker voor staat?

Dan wordt de medeklinker verdubbeld.

Example: Today I stop. Yesterday I stopped.

C. stomme -e? Deze -e valt weg de uitgang -ed wordt toegevoegd.

Example: Today I like you. Yesterday I liked you.

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Let me tell you about...

The Present Perfect

Exercise 2: Find 5 examples of A, B & C and write them in your notebook.

(Vind 5 voorbeelden van A,B & C en schrijf ze in je schrift)

A. medeklinker +y? Dan verandert de -y in -ied.

B. medeklinker waar een korte beklemtoonde klinker voor staat?

Dan wordt de medeklinker verdubbeld.

C. stomme -e? Deze -e valt weg de uitgang -ed wordt toegevoegd.

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Let me tell you about...

The Present Perfect

RULE 2: Irregular verbs

Many verbs are . Then the Present Perfect does not end in -ed.

irregular

Examples:

forget

He told me his name but I it.

have forgotten

see

I him lately.

haven’t seen

go

Jim is on holiday. He to Italy.

has gone

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Let me tell you about...

The Present Perfect

List of irregular verbs

Example:

NED ENG PAST SIMPLEPERFECT

1 zijn be was/were have been

2 buigen bend bent have bent

3 beginnen begin began have begun

Click here for a complete list in WORD

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Let me tell you about...

The Present Perfect

?

?

?

?

Questions

?

In questions we let the subject and have/has change positions.

Example:

go

Normal: I have gone on holiday.

Question: Have I gone on holiday?

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Let me tell you about...

The Present Perfect

!

!

!

!

Negatives

!

In negatives we just put ‘not’ between have/has and the perfect.

Example:

go

Normal: I have gone on holiday.

Negative: I haven’t gone on holiday.

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Let me tell you about...

The Present Perfect

SO

AFFIRMATIVE QUESTION NEGATIVE

I have worked Have I worked I haven’t worked

She has seen Has she seen? She hasn’t seen

They have gone Have they gone? They haven’t gone

Exercise 3: Now try to make 5 examples yourself and write them in your notebook.

(Maak zelf 5 voorbeelden en schrijf ze in je schrift)

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Let me tell you about...

The Present Perfect

Exercise 4: Make 6 sentences with the Present Perfect of the following verbs:

(Maak 6 zinnen met de voltooid tegenwoordige tijd van de volgende werkwoorden)

begin / choose / take / go / drive / eat

Example:

begin:

I have begun to do my homework but I

haven’t finished yet.

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Let me tell you about...

The Present Perfect

Exercise 5: Make questions of these 6 sentences

(Maak nu vragen van deze 6 zinnen)

Example:

I have begun to do my homework.

Question: Have I begun to do my homework?

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Let me tell you about...

The Present Perfect

Exercise 6: Make negatives of the 6 sentences you made in exercise 3.

(Maak de 6 zinnen van oefening 3 negatief)

Example:

I have begun to do my homework.

Negative: I haven’t begun to do my homework.

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Let me tell you about...

The Present Perfect

Exercise 7: Fill in the Past Simple or the Present Perfect

(Vul de verleden tijd of de voltooid tegenwoordige tijd in)

Yesterday it snowed / has snowed.

Last year I went / have gone to England.

The streets are wet. It rained / has rained.

Last night we had / have had a fight in front of our house

All the children are silent now. The noise stopped / has stopped.

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Let me tell you about...

The Present Perfect

Exercise 7: The RIGHT answers!

Yesterday it snowed.

Last year I went to England.

The streets are wet. It has rained.

Last night we had a fight in front of our house

All the children are silent now. The noise has stopped.

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Let me tell you about...

The Present Perfect

Useful WEBSITES for extra information and lots of exercises ...

http://www.digischool/en/grammatica/tenses.htm

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And now you know something about...

The Present Perfect

… don’t you?