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PEAC1001 Lecture 10. Cancer, diabetes, and other health threats. Cancer. Tumors \_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_ tumors Likely not cancerous, a protective membrane keeps the growth to a minimum Slow growing \_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_ tumors Also called carcinomas Uncontrolled growth  spreads Death to tissue

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  • Tumors
    • __________ tumors
      • Likely not cancerous, a protective membrane keeps the growth to a minimum
      • Slow growing
    • ____________ tumors
      • Also called carcinomas
      • Uncontrolled growth  spreads
      • Death to tissue
      • Cancerous
breast cancer
Breast cancer
  • Does affect both men and women
  • Symptoms
    • Lumps and/or thickening or swelling of the breasts
  • Mammograms
    • X-ray test to check for abnormalities that could be cancerous
  • Women over ___ years of age should have a mammogram each year
  • Treatment is advancing, but not very effective if detected later into disease progression
colon rectal cancer
Colon-rectal cancer
  • Affects men and women
  • Highest among African Americans
  • Symptoms: cramping in lower abdomen, urge to have a bowel movement, blood in stool
  • Decrease risks by having a high fiber diet and physical activity
  • Screening tests: fecal blood test, sigmoidoscopy, colonoscopy (most accurate)
lung cancer
Lung cancer
  • _______ cause of cancer-related death for both men and women
  • Greatest risk is _______
  • Symptoms: persistent cough, chest pain, reoccurring pneumonia, spit streaked with blood
  • Detection via X-ray or sputum samples
prostate cancer
Prostate cancer
  • Most common form of cancer in men
  • All men have 17% chance of diagnosis in their lifetime
  • More African Americans are diagnosed than any other sub-group
  • Symptoms: urination problems, pain, blood in urine
  • Treatment is highly effective
uterine and ovarian cancers
Uterine and ovarian cancers
  • Account for ____% of all deaths among women
  • Most important risk factor: human papillomavirus (HPV)
  • Other risk factors: sex at young age, too many sexual partners, and smoking
  • PAP test screens for this
  • Treatment is to remove affected area
skin cancer
Skin cancer
  • Most _________ cancer
  • Curable, not usually included in cancer statistics
  • Melanoma: deadly if not detected early
    • 10 more frequent in whites
  • Risk factors include sun exposure
  • Treatment is to remove the cancerous areas
  • Always check new skin areas to ensure cancer-free skin

**Blood sugar is abnormally high**

  • Normal glucose levels: 50-100mg per 100ml of blood
  • Pre-diabetes: glucose levels range from 101-125
  • _________: the hormone that regulates blood sugar, produced by the pancreas
diabetic types
Diabetic types
  • Type I (5% before age 30)
    • Metabolic disease
    • Body does not produce enough insulin
    • _________________or taken orally
    • CONSTANT regulation
  • Type II (95%)
    • Metabolic disease
    • Non-insulin dependent
    • Can be controlled via lifestyle changes
    • Most common form
    • Risk factor is limited activity and obesity
consequences of type ii
Consequences of Type II
  • 6th cause of death in the US
    • -behind #5, accidents/injuries
  • Shortened lifespan
  • Heart disease, high blood pressure
  • Kidney failure, requiring dialysis
  • ____________
  • Lower limb amputation
health threats accidents injuries
Health threats: Accidents & injuries
  • Claim more lives than chronic and infectious diseases among people 40 years and younger
  • Have decreased within the last decade

-occupational safety


-advanced medical care

cooper clinic s profiles for people who avoid checkups
Cooper Clinic’s Profiles for People Who Avoid Checkups

Gambler – don’t think of their health until a serious problem occurs

Queens of denial – they never think anything is ever wrong with them

Martyr – busy taking care of others and neglect their health

Busy bees – too busy to take the time and seek medical checkups

Shamans – buy into the latest health fad and avoid professional attention

Informers – these people argue with health professionals and then give up making appointments

Economist – cost of preventative exams is too high and do not go

question 1
Question #1

Which type of diabetes is the most important to constantly monitor?

  • Type I
  • Type II
question 2
Question #2

Colon-rectal cancer is most common in ________________________:

  • Hispanics
  • Caucasians
  • African Americans
  • Native Americans