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SEMINAR ON SUPERCHARGER. Content. Supercharger , the engine booster. Why supercharger ?? How it works ??? Working diagram of supercharger. Classification of supercharger. History. Roots supercharger. Twin-Screw Supercharger. Centrifugal Supercharger. Drives used in Supercharger.

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content
Content..
  • Supercharger , the engine booster.
  • Why supercharger ??
  • How it works ???
  • Working diagram of supercharger.
  • Classification of supercharger.
  • History.
  • Roots supercharger.
  • Twin-Screw Supercharger.
  • Centrifugal Supercharger.
  • Drives used in Supercharger.
  • Supercharger, An edge over turbocharger
  • Nothing is perfect.
  • Conclusion.
supercharger the engine booster
Supercharger,The Engine Booster

A supercharger is an equipment that compresses the air being delivered to an engine, allowing the combustion chamber to be overfilled without enlarging

the space.

The higher concentration of

oxygen provided by a super-

charger is matched with a larger

amount of fuel from the fuel injectors

thus boosting the power of the

engine.

A typical supercharger

why supercharger
Why Supercharger??
  • Increases the power of an engine.
  • A supercharger spinning at 50,000 RPM translates to a boost of about six to nine pounds per square inch(psi).
  • Increases the torque produced.
  • An efficiently working supercharger can achieve the same speed in one third time.
  • Necessary in aero-planes as they have less oxygen at high altitudes.
  • Ensures complete combustion of the fuel.
  • Reduces pollution to some extent.
principle of working
Principle of working

“More fuel + More air = Bigger explosion = Greater horsepower”.

NOTE:

  • But we cannot simply pump more fuel into the engine.
  • The chemically correct mixture – (14 : 1 :: air : fuel) – is essential for an engine to operate perfectly.
  • Thus superchargers provides more air by compressing air above atmospheric pressure , hence providing more fuel into the charge & would make for a more powerful explosion .
  • Thus: Increased Power , Torque and Speed is achieved.
classification of superchargers
Classification of Superchargers

Based on method of compression, Superchargers can be classified as:-

1. Positive-displacement type, which deliver a nearly-fixed volume of air per revolution at all speeds and a fairly constant level of boost regardless of engine speed.

2. Dynamic compressors rely on accelerating the air to high speed and then exchanging that velocity for pressure by diffusing or slowing it down & deliver increasing boost with increasing engine speed.

history
History

The Roots supercharger is the oldest design of supercharger.

  • Philander and Francis Roots patented the design in 1860 as a

machine that would help ventilate mine shafts.

  • In 1900, Gottleib Daimler for the first time included a Roots

supercharger in a car engine.

slide10

Roots supercharger

As the meshing lobes spin, air trapped in the pockets between the lobes is carried between the fill side and the discharge side & Large quantities of air move into the intake manifold and "stack up" to create positive pressure.

  • Roots superchargers are usually large and sit on top of the engine.
  • Roots superchargers are the least efficient supercharger for two reasons:-
  • 1.)They add more weight to the vehicle.
  • 2.)They provide air in discrete bursts instead of
  • providing in a smooth and continuous manner.

Working:-

Working of a roots supercharger

twin screw supercharger
Twin-Screw Supercharger
  • A twin-screw supercharger operates by pulling air through a pair of meshing lobes that resemble a set of worm gears.
  • A twin-screw supercharger compresses the air inside the rotor housing (That's because the rotors have a conical taper, which means the air pockets decrease in size as air moves from the fill side to the discharge side).
  • As the air pockets shrink,
  • the air is squeezed into a smaller space.

Working of a twin-screw supercharger

slide12

Contd…

  • Thus twin-screw superchargers are more efficient compared to roots supercharger.
  • They cost more because the screw-type rotors require more precision in
  • the manufacturing process.
  • They also make a lot of noise.
  • The compressed air exiting the discharge outlet creates a whine or
  • whistle that must be checked with noise suppression techniques.

Twin-screw supercharger

centrifugal supercharger
Centrifugal Supercharger
  • A centrifugal supercharger works by powering an impeller

(a device similar to a rotor) at very high speeds to quickly draw

air into a small compressor housing.

  • Impeller speeds can reach ‘50,000 to 60,000 RPM’.
  • Centrifugal superchargers are

the most efficient and the most

common induction systems.

  • They are small, lightweight and

attachable to the front of the

Engine.

slide14

Working:-

  • As the air is drawn in the hub of the impeller, centrifugal force causes it to radiate outward.
  • The air leaves the impeller at high speed, but low pressure.
  • A diffuser converts the high-speed , low-pressure air to low-speed ,
  • high-pressure air.
  • Thus pressurized air is achieved.

Working of a centrifugal supercharger

drives used in supercharger
Drives used in supercharger

Mechanical:-

  • Belt (V belt, Toothed belt & Flat belt).
  • Gear drive.
  • Chain drive.

Exhaust gas turbines:-

  • Axial turbine.
  • Radial turbine.

Other:-

  • Electric motor.
supercharger an edge over turbocharger
Supercharger, An edge over turbocharger
  • Superchargers do not suffer lag:- Superchargers have no lag time because they are driven directly by the crankshaft, whereas Turbochargers suffer from lag because it takes a few moments before the exhaust gases reach a velocity that is sufficient to drive the impeller/turbine.
  • Modification of the exhaust system:- Installing a turbocharger requires extensive modification of the exhaust system, but superchargers can be bolted to the top or side of the engine , that makes them cheaper to install and easier to service and maintain.
slide17

Contd….

Shutdown procedure:-

No special shutdown procedure is required with superchargers as they are not lubricated by engine oil . They can be shut down normally. Turbochargers must idle for about 30 seconds or so prior to shutdown so the lubricating oil has a chance to cool down.

nothing is perfect
Nothing is perfect
  • It derives power from the engine itself: Crankshaft drives superchargers so they steal some of the engine's horsepower. A supercharger can consume as much as 20 percent of an engine's total power output.

(But because a supercharger can generate as much as 46 percent additional horsepower, I think the trade-off is worth it).

  • An added strain on the engine: Supercharging puts an added strain on the engine, which needs to be strong to handle the extra boost and bigger explosions.
  • An extra expense : Heavy-duty components , design complexity & maintenance add an extra burden on the expenses.
conclusion
Conclusion
  • Despite their disadvantages, superchargers are still the most cost-effective way to increase horsepower.
  • Superchargers can result in power increase of 50 to 100 percent, making them great for racing, towing heavy loads or just adding excitement to the typical driving experience.
  • It is a must use component in an airplanes.
  • With the use of high octane premium-grade gas , I think it is a miracle invention for speed junkies.
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