african energy f utures n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
African Energy F utures PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
African Energy F utures

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 25

African Energy F utures - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

African Energy F utures. Mafalda Duarte African Development Bank. Outline. Africa Today Global and Africa’s Income I nequality Global and Africa’s Environmental Degradation Additional Challenges due to Climate Change How to Support Transformation What is needed Innovative finance

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'African Energy F utures' - seth

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
african energy f utures
African Energy Futures

MafaldaDuarteAfrican Development Bank



  • Africa Today
  • Global and Africa’s Income Inequality
  • Global and Africa’s Environmental Degradation
  • Additional Challenges due to Climate Change
  • How to Support Transformation
  • What is needed
  • Innovative finance
  • Opportunities in the Post-Rio+20 Landscape

Africa Today:

Continued and robust growth…but mostly driven by commodity prices


Africa Today:

Business climate is improving…but private sector still faces bottlenecks


Africa Today:

Poverty is falling but unequally

substantial but uneven progress
Substantial But Uneven Progress

Global Income Inequality

Source: World Bank, World Development Indicators; OECD, DAC Statistics


Africa Today:

Massive infrastructure deficit


Africa Today:

Regional integration and intra-regional trade needs deepening

global environmental d egradation
Global EnvironmentalDegradation

Climate Change

Ocean acidification

Chemical pollution

(not yet quantified)

Stratospheric ozone



aerosol loading

(not yet quantified)







Biodiversity loss



Global freshwater


Change in land use

Source: Rockström et al., Nature (2009)


Additional Challenges

Due to

Climate Change

Pictures: AfDB

impacts on water resources
Impacts on water resources
  • Warming expected to increase up to 1.4 ° C by 2020; 5.1 ° C by 2080
  • Increase in temperature = greater evapostranspiration; e.g. 1° C warming results 10% reduction in surface runoff (Morocco)
  • Changes in variability - more severe, intense, prolonged droughts and floods
  • Changes in groundwater recharge
  • By 2020, up to 250 million people in Africa are projected to be exposed to increased water stress
impact on agriculture
Impact on Agriculture
  • Changes in pests, diseases, growing seasons, land-use
  • Temperature-induced crop yield losses of up to 16% per 1° C
  • Overall reductions of up to 22% across 5 crops
  • By 2020, yields from rain-fed agriculture could be 50% less in some countries, affecting food security and exacerbating malnutrition
impact on coastal zone and marine resources
Impact on Coastal Zone and Marine Resources

African Cities at Risk

  • 19 big cities (1 million +) in LECZ*
  • Mombasa: 17% city below 0.3m
  • Banjul:most below 1m
  • Egypt: 2 million people below 0.5m
  • Abidjan, Lagos at high risk
  • Marine Resources at Risk
  • 22 of 33 coastal countries “highly vulnerable” to CC impacts on fisheries are in Africa

How to Support Transformation

  • Infrastructure development

$30-50 Billion Annual Gap

2% of Lost Annual

GDP Growth

• Improve transport & logistics chains

• Meet rising demand for energy

• Enhance water resources

• Expand broadband telecommunications

• Integrate urban infrastructure


How to Support Transformation

  • Regional integration
  • Only 12% of Africa’s Trade is Intra-Regional
  • Hard infrastructure
  • Support soft infrastructure
  • Trade and Customs procedures
  • Movement of labor and capital
  • One stop border posts

How to Support Transformation

  • Private sector development

50 million MSMEs

22% Access to Finance

Low productivity

  • Improve investment and business climate
  • Expand access to infrastructure
  • Promote enterprise development
  • Improve access to finance
  • Scale up support to MSMEs

How to Support Transformation

  • Governance & accountability

20% live in fragile states

Weak institutions

Poor service delivery

  • Build accountability: public spending, delivery
  • Support anti-corruption initiatives
  • Strengthen debt-management capacity
  • Promote fiscal decentralization
  • Bolster property rights, access to justice
  • Improve natural resource management

How to Support Transformation

  • Skills & technology

250 million Africans

between 15 and 24

15 million new job seekers annually

  • Build skills: science, technology, engineering
  • Support women in technical & scientific study
  • Support innovation & entrepreneurship
  • Develop networks of excellence and mentoring programs
innovative f inance
Innovative Finance
  • Focus on upfront financing:
    • Need for new sources, but also project preparation finance and risk-management schemes
    • Borrowing constraints
    • SMEs and local governments
  • Green finance, but also:
    • Leverage public and IFI resources: engage private banks; Fund-of-funds; buy down interest rates
    • Local public finance
    • Payment for environmental services
opportunities in the post rio 20 landscape
Opportunities in the Post-Rio+20 Landscape
  • SDGs and the post-2015 int’l development agenda
    • “Shared prosperity” and the challenge and imperative of integrating sustainability into the poverty-centric MDG framework
  • Natural Capital Accounting (NCA) + WAVES
    • UN Statistical Commission adopted a System for Environmental-Economic Accounts, and 60+ countries embraced NCA at Rio
  • Data, tools and knowledge
    • Clear demand from advanced and developing countries for better information and methods and opportunities to share good (and failed) practices

Thank You!!

Mafalda Duarte