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ART DECO. HISTORY. The " Art Deco " period occurred roughly between the two World Wars, or from 1920 to 1939. Many actually stretch this period from 1900 to the 1950s, but, as with many other art movements, even work of today is still being influenced by the past. ART DECO.

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HISTORY

The "Art Deco" period occurred roughly between the two World Wars, or from 1920 to 1939. Many actually stretch this period from 1900 to the 1950s, but, as with many other art movements, even work of today is still being influenced by the past.

ART DECO

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The initial movement was called Style Moderne. The term Art Deco was derived from theInternational Paris Exposition of 1925, though it wasn't until the late 1960s that this term was coined by art historian Bevis Hillier.

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Popular sculptors:Lee Lawrie, Rene Paul Chambellan, Paul Manship, C. Paul Jennewein, and Joseph Kiselewski.

Architects:Albert Anis, Ernest Cormier, Banister Flight Fletcher, Bruce Goff, Charles Holden, Raymond Hood, Ely Jacques Kahn, Edwin Lutyens, William van Alen, Wirt C. Rowland, Giles Gilbert Scott, Joseph Sunlight, Ralph Walker, Thomas Wallis, and Owen Williams.

Interior and Furniture designers:Tamara de Lempicka, Eileen Gray, Jule Leleu, Santiago Martinez Delgadoand Émile-Jacques Ruhlmann

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The Art Deco period did not just affect architecture, but all of the fine and applied arts. Furniture, sculpture, clothing, jewelry, and graphic design were all influenced by the Art Deco style.

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Parisian Art Deco Bar

A remarkable mahogany Art Deco bar of exceptional proportion beautifully crafted of polished mahogany mounted with polished chrome accents and a mirrored top.

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Frankart

1922

nude lady sculpture ashtray

classic gun metal/black paint solid cast metal and cold painted

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Art Deco Reclining Circus Lady Lamp Holding Shade

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Art Deco Nude Lady Elevator Shade Lamp 1920's

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Art Deco was an opulent style, and its lavishness is attributed to reaction to the forced austerity imposed by World War I

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Lalique Vase

René Lalique 1920

A stylish Art Deco ice bucket, an essential piece for any cocktail set up. According to world traveler and epicurean 'Trader' Vic, ice is "the first requisite of good mixing" and a warm cocktail is "revolting." Circa 1935.

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ART DECO

Original Art Deco Fireplace

"Beau Brownie"

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The Aristocrats (1920s) Professor Otto Poertzel. This is one of the best examples of Art Deco sculpture and conjures up the archetypal woman of the periodtall, slender and extremely chic.

ART DECO

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ART DECO

Silver tea & Coffee service

(1934-39) H.G.Murphy

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This movement was, in a sense, an amalgam of many different styles and movements of the early 20th century, including Constructivism, Cubism, Modernism, Bauhaus,Art Nouveau, and Futurism. Its popularity peaked during the Roaring Twenties.

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Although many design movements have political or philosophical roots or intentions, Art Deco was purely decorative. At the time, this style was seen as elegant, functional, and ultra modern.

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Among them were the "primitive" arts of Africa, Egypt, and Aztec Mexico, as well as Machine Age or streamline technology such as modern aviation, electric lighting, the radio, the ocean liner and the skyscraper.

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The SS Ile de France

Ocean Liner

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A parallel movement called Streamline Moderne, or simply Streamline, followed close behind. Streamline was influenced by the modern aerodynamic designs emerging from advancing technologies in aviation, ballistics, and other fields requiring high velocity.

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CHARACTERISTICS

Popular themes in Art Deco were trapezoidal, zigzagged, geometric, and jumbled shapes, which can be seen in many early pieces.

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Corresponding to these influences, Art Deco is characterized by use of materials such as aluminium, stainless steel, lacquer, inlaid wood, sharkskin (shagreen), and zebraskin. The bold use of stepped forms and sweeping curves (unlike the sinuous, natural curves of the Art Nouveau), chevron(‘V’ shape) patterns, and the sunburst motif are typical of Art Deco.

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chevron(‘V’ shape) patterns

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Some of these motifs were ubiquitous — for example, sunburst motifs were used in such varied contexts as ladies' shoes, radiator grilles, the auditorium of the Radio City Music Hall, and the spire of the Chrysler Building.

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sunburst motif

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ART DECO

"18 Rabbit" -- with a real Maya king effigy

Peter Clark designed the Great Stage at Radio City Music Hall

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ART DECO

New York – Manhatten - Empire States Building

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Chrysler Building

New York 1928-1930 

William Van Allen

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Golden Gate Bridge

Irving Morrow designed the overall shape and the Art Deco ornamentationand chose the famous "International Orange" color.1937

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Helsinky Railway Station – 1919

First Building in Art Deco Style

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Tower Theater in Sacramento, California, built in 1938

Union Terminal in Cincinnati, Ohio.

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Delano, National hotel fronts on Collins Ave. - Miami Beach

Town hall in Coronel Pringles, Argentina by Francisco Salamone.

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Bioshock

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Simcity

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Nokia’s Art Deco Designs

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SOURCES

www.wikipedia.org

www.greatbuildings.com

Encarta 98 Encyclopedia

www.decodime.com

www.nokia.com

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037607 TUBA ÖZKOPARAN

038833 M.EMRE ÇEKMEGELİOĞLU

037810 ALPER DOĞRU

ART DECO