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Yahweh shall roar from Zion. The Prophecy of Amos. Class 1: A Faulty Foundation. Layers of Bible prophecy. Timeline. 763 – Solar eclipse --- Earthquake. Amos. Overview of Amos. Introduction 1:1–2 Eight Pronouncements of Judgment 1:3–2:5 on Damascus 1:3–5 on Gaza 1:6–8

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yahweh shall roar from zion

Yahweh shall roar from Zion

The Prophecy of Amos

Class 1: A Faulty Foundation

timeline
Timeline

763 – Solar eclipse

---

Earthquake

Amos

overview of amos
Overview of Amos
  • Introduction 1:1–2
  • Eight Pronouncements of Judgment 1:3–2:5
    • on Damascus 1:3–5
    • on Gaza 1:6–8
    • on Tyre 1:9, 10
    • on Edom 1:11, 12
    • on Ammon 1:13–15
    • on Moab 2:1–3
    • on Judah 2:4, 5
    • on Israel 2:6-16
overview of amos1
Overview of Amos
  • Three Summons 3:1–5:17
  • Two Woes 5:18–6:14
  • Five Visions of Judgment 7:1–9:10
    • the Locusts 7:1–3
    • the Fire 7:4–6
    • the Plumb Line 7:7–9
    • the Summer Fruit 8:1–14
    • the Altar 9:1-10
  • Promise of Restoration 9:11–15
breakdown of classes
Breakdown of Classes
  • Class 1: A Faulty Foundation
  • Class 2: Rejecting God’s Providence
  • Class 3: A Byway to Bitterness
  • Class 4: Prayer of the Remnant
  • Class 5: Judging all Nations
  • Class 6: The tabernacle of David
jeroboam i s new religion
Jeroboam I’s New Religion

Jeroboam the son of Joash king of Israel did that which was evil in the sight of the Lord: he departed not from all the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin.

syrian oppression
Syrian Oppression
  • II Kings 8:11-12
    • “And he settled his countenance stedfastly, until he was ashamed: and the man of God wept. And Hazael said, Why weepeth my lord? And he answered, Because I know the evil that thou wilt do unto the children of Israel: their strong holds wilt thou set on fire, and their young men wilt thou slay with the sword, and wilt dash their children, and rip up their women with child.”
syrian oppression1
Syrian Oppression
  • II Kings 10:32-33
    • “In those days the LORD began to cut Israel short: and Hazael smote them in all the coasts of Israel; from Jordan eastward, all the land of Gilead, the Gadites, and the Reubenites, and the Manassites, from Aroer, which is by the river Arnon, even Gilead and Bashan.”
the lord began to cut israel short
“the LORD began to cut Israel short”
  • Amos 1:3 – 2:2
    • “because {the Syrians} have threshed Gilead with threshing instruments of iron:”
    • “because {the Philistines} carried away captive the whole captivity, to deliver them up to Edom”
    • “because {Tyre} delivered up the whole captivity to Edom, and remembered not the brotherly covenant”
the lord began to cut israel short1
“the LORD began to cut Israel short”
  • Amos 1:3 – 2:2
    • “because {Edom} did pursue his brother with the sword, and did cast off all pity, and his anger did tear perpetually, and he kept his wrath for ever”
    • “because {the Ammonites} have ripped up the women with child of Gilead, that they might enlarge their border”
    • “because he burned the bones of the king of Edom into lime”
yahweh shall roar from zion1

Yahweh shall roar from Zion

The Prophecy of Amos

Class 2: Rejecting God’s Providence

the lord gave israel a saviour
“the LORD gave Israel a saviour”
  • “In the days of Uzziah king of Judah”
    • Uzziah and Azariah are one and the same individual – a relatively good king of Judah – but took it upon himself to be priest
    • History recorded in II Kng 14:21-22; II Kng 15:1-7; II Chr. 26; Isa. 1:1 & 6:1; Zec. 14:5
    • II Chr. 26 particularly details the strength of his armies and how he extended the kingdom of Judah
the lord gave israel a saviour1
“the LORD gave Israel a saviour”
  • “And in the days of Jeroboam son of Joash”
    • History recorded in II Kng. 14:23-29 – (parenthetical to the reign of Uzziah – demonstrates parallels in Judah and Israel)
    • Expanded borders like not since the days of Solomon
    • Created a wealthy class – Hosea spoke at same time to Israel in the north.
slide19
Amos
  • “the burden bearer”
  • “From among the herdmen of Tekoa” Amos 1:1
  • “I was no prophet, neither was I a prophet’s son; but I was an herdmen, and a gatherer of the sycamore fruit” Amos 7:14
tekoa
Tekoa
  • “From among the herdmen of Tekoa” Amos 1:1
    • Tekoa – a town in Judah six miles south of Bethlehem
    • Means trumpet – to blast a wind instrument
    • Jehoshophat declared “Believe in the Lord your God, so shall ye be established; believe his prophets, so shall ye prosper.” – II Chr. 20:20
    • Tekoa was a place that one would sound the alarm from when there were invading armies – Jer. 6:1
judgment against the haters of israel
Judgment against the Haters of Israel
  • Damascus
    • Threshed Gilead with threshing instruments of iron
      • With Roman-Gogian confederacy
      • Interesting reference – Laban the Syrian overtakes Jacob in Gilead – Gen. 31:25-29
    • I will not turn away the punishments
    • I will send a fire
judgment against the haters of israel1
Judgment against the Haters of Israel
  • Gaza
    • Carried away the whole captivity delivering them to Edom
      • Participate in the captivity of Jerusalem – Zech. 14:2
  • Tyrus
    • Shut up the captivity to Edom and remember not from whence they came – allied with Israel
judgment against the haters of israel2
Judgment against the Haters of Israel
  • Edom
    • Insatiable Anti-Semitism – “pursued his brother with the sword” “did cast off all pity”
      • Attitude displayed with Gog and in Europe
  • Ammon
    • Violence and cruelty in the pursuit of self interest – “casualties of war”
  • Moab
    • “Burned the bones of the king of Edom into lime”
    • Context: II Kings 3 – same motivation
poor of the land
Poor of the Land
  • Exo. 22:23-27
    • first occurrence of “poor”
    • not to exact usury
    • not to keep their coat through the night
poor of the land1
Poor of the Land
  • Deu. 15:9-11
    • Beware lest you have an evil thought
    • the poor will never cease from the land
    • the Sabbath principle “the year of release”
  • Deu. 24:18-22
    • Remember that you were bondmen
    • Spirit of the law – Boaz (Ruth 2:15-16)
them that are at ease
“Them that are at ease”
  • Business Life
    • Sold the righteous for silver 2:6
    • Sold the poor for a pair of shoes 2:6; 8:6
    • Pant after the dust on the head of the poor 2:7
    • Oppress the poor 4:1
    • Crush the needy 4:1
    • Tread upon the poor and take from him burdens of wheat 5:11
    • Falsify balances - dishonest & lack integrity in business 8:5
them that are at ease1
“Them that are at ease”
  • Daily Living
    • Winter and summer homes 3:15
    • Houses of ivory - great houses 3:16
    • Bring and let us drink 4:1
    • Lie upon beds of ivory and stretch out upon couches 6:4
them that are at ease2
“Them that are at ease”
  • Daily Living
    • That eat lambs out of the flock and calves of the stall - decadence in eating 6:4
    • Pop music 6:5
    • Drink wine in bowls 6:6
    • Anoint themselves with chief ointments 6:6
    • Desired that the feasts and Sabbath end to continue their work 8:5
them that are at ease3
“Them that are at ease”
  • Religious Life
    • Man and his father go in to the same maid 2:7
    • Lay down upon pledged clothing - no mercy in business dealings 2:8
    • Drink the wine of the condemned 2:8
    • Gave Nazarites wine to drink 2:12
them that are at ease4
“Them that are at ease”
  • Religious Life
    • Commanded the prophets to stop prophesying 2:12
    • Turned judgment into wormwood (bitter) 5:7
    • Hate rebuke and him that speaketh uprightly 5:10
    • Put far away the evil day 6:3
    • Are not grieved for the affliction of Joseph 6:6
the earthquake
The Earthquake
  • Amos 1:2 – The habitations of the shepherds shall mourn, the top of Carmel shall wither
  • Amos 3:15 – will smite their houses
  • Amos 4:3 – ye shall go out at the breaches
  • Amos 6:11 – smite the great house with breaches
    • fragments – literally fall in pieces
    • the little houses with clefts = fissures or cracks
the earthquake1
The Earthquake
  • Amos 8:8 – shall not the land tremble – rise up wholly as the flood of Egypt
    • drowned = to sink
  • Amos 9:1 – posts may shake, cut {the lintel} in the head
    • lintel – safest place to stand in an earthquake
  • Amos 9:5 – LORD God of hosts – touch the land – melt
    • melt = dissolve (liquefaction)
yet have you not returned unto me
“Yet have you not returned unto me”
  • 4V6 “And I also have given you cleanness of teeth in all your cities, and want of bread in all your places”
  • 4V7-8 “And also I have withholden the rain from you, when there were yet three months to the harvest: and I caused it to rain upon one city, and caused it not to rain upon another city: one piece was rained upon, and the piece whereupon it rained not withered. So two or three cities wandered unto one city, to drink water; but they were not satisfied”
yet have you not returned unto me1
“Yet have you not returned unto me”
  • 4V9 “I have smitten you with blasting and mildew: when your gardens and your vineyards and your fig trees and your olive trees increased, the palmerworm devoured them”
  • 4V10 “I have sent among you the pestilence after the manner of Egypt: your young men have I slain with the sword, and have taken away your horses; and I have made the stink of your camps to come up unto your nostrils”
  • 4V11 “I have overthrown some of you, as God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah, and ye were as a firebrand plucked out of the burning”
contempt of god s law
Contempt of God’s Law
  • Lev. 26:14-20
  • Degrees of trial
    • v14 – not hearken – punishment in the land (7 X more)
    • v18 – not yet hearken – severe drought
    • v21 – walk contrary – reduce their population
    • v23 – still not reformed – take away into captivity
    • v27 – still not hearken and walk contrary – eat your children – land desolate
  • Then shall the land enjoy her Sabbaths
ye have not returned
Ye Have not returned
  • Isa. 9:13-14 “For the people turneth not unto him that smiteth them, neither do they seek the LORD of hosts. Therefore the LORD will cut off from Israel head and tail, branch and rush, in one day.”
  • Jer. 5:3 “O LORD, are not thine eyes upon the truth? thou hast stricken them, but they have not grieved; thou hast consumed them, but they have refused to receive correction: they have made their faces harder than a rock; they have refused to return.”
  • Hag. 2:17 “I smote you with blasting and with mildew and with hail in all the labours of your hands; yet ye turned not to me, saith the LORD.”
yahweh shall roar from zion2

Yahweh shall roar from Zion

The Prophecy of Amos

Class 3: A Byway to Bitterness

the creator
The Creator
  • Formed the mountains
    • Formed first used in Gen. 2:7 – “formed man”
  • Created the wind
  • Knows the thoughts of man
  • Created cycle of day and night
  • Above the earth
  • Created the stars
i am pressed under you
“I am pressed Under You”
  • “Behold, I am pressed under you, as a cart is pressed that is full of sheaves.” 2:13
  • “I hate, I despise your feasts” 5:21
  • “I abhor the Excellency of Jacob” 6:8
  • “Behold, the days come, saith the Lord GOD, that I will send a famine in the land, not a famine of bread, nor a thirst for water, but of hearing the words of the LORD:” 8:11
yahweh shall roar from zion3

Yahweh shall roar from Zion

The Prophecy of Amos

Class 4: Prayer of the Remnant

a people for his name
A people for his name
  • “I will be gracious to whom I will be gracious, and will shew mercy on whom I will shew mercy.” Exodus 33:19
  • “then began men to call upon the name of the LORD.” and “then began men to call themselves by the name of the LORD.” Genesis 4:26
god would that all men be saved
God would that all men be saved
  • However:
    • “I have no pleasure in the death of the wicked; but that the wicked turn from his way and live:” Ezekiel 33:11
    • “{God, our Saviour} will have all men to be saved, and come unto the knowledge of the truth.” I Timothy 2:4
abram sarai
Abram & Sarai

יהוה

אֱלֹהִים

Israel

Jacob

elohim sabbaoth
Elohim Sabbaoth
  • Army of mighty ones
    • Executes judgment and mercy
  • Occurs only in Psalm 80 and Amos
    • Psa.80 “Why hast thou broken down… they which pass by do pluck her up?”
    • Psa.80 “how long wilt thou be angry”
the second exodus
The second exodus

The Second Exodus

  • Insert map of Europe and Middle East
  • Arrows showing Jews comings from all nations
  • Arrows showing Jews coming out of Europe and around both sides of the Mediterranean into Israel.
yahweh shall roar from zion4

Yahweh shall roar from Zion

The Prophecy of Amos

Class 5: Judging all Nations

roaring of a lion
Roaring of a Lion
  • Joel 3:16
    • “Yahweh shall roar out of Zion” – Amos 1:2
  • Rev. 10:1-3
    • “And cried with a loud voice, as when a lion roareth: and when he had cried, seven thunders uttered their voices.”
  • Pro. 19:12
    • “the king’s wrath is as the roaring of a lion.”
the voice of thunder
The Voice of Thunder

Saints (cloud of witnesses)

Jesus

Calling out

a people

for His name

Judgment of the saints

Doctrine

Nations

thunder
Thunder
  • Thunder & Lightening
    • One of the plagues of Egypt
    • Revelation 4, 6, 8, 10, 11, 14, 16, 19
    • Judgments of peoples
  • 7 thunders – Revelation 10:1-3
    • Thunders (Amos 1&2)
  • Lightening – Luke 17:24
    • Revelation of the

multitudinous Christ

to the world

    • Psalm 144:6
roaring
Roaring
  • Who is the lion? Rev. 5:5
    • “behold, the Lion of the tribe of Juda, the Root of David, hath prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof.”
  • Jer. 25:30
    • “The LORD shall roar from on high, and utter his voice from his holy habitation; He shall mightily roar upon his habitation; He shall give a shout, as they that tread the grapes, against all the inhabitants of the earth.” – Isa. 42:13
utter his voice from jerusalem
Utter his voice from Jerusalem
  • “The LORD will roar from Zion”
    • Amos 1:2 & Joel 3:16; Rev. 10:3
  • “for there will I sit to judge all the {nations} round about (in a circuit)”
    • Joel 3:16
  • “So shall ye know that I am the LORD your God dwelling in Zion, my holy mountain: then shall Jerusalem be holy, and there shall no strangers pass through her any more.”
    • Joel 3:17
utter his voice from jerusalem1
Utter his voice from Jerusalem
  • “I will send a fire on Magog”
    • Eze. 39:6
  • “the LORD hath a sacrifice in Bozrah, and a great slaughter in the land of Edom”
    • Isa. 34:6; 63:1
  • “and {the saints with Christ} will waste the land of Assyria and the land of Nimrod”
    • Mic. 5:6
the hope set before us
“The hope set before us”
  • “For the LORD taketh pleasure in his people: he will beautify the meek with salvation. Let the saints be joyful in glory: let them sing aloud upon their beds. Let the high praises of God be in their mouth, and a twoedged sword in their hand; To execute vengeance upon the heathen, and punishments upon the people; To bind their kings with chains, and their nobles with fetters of iron; To execute upon them the judgment written: this honour have all his saints. Praise ye the LORD. “
    • Psalm 149:4-9
the hope set before us1
“The hope set before us”
  • “And it shall come to pass in that day, that the LORD shall punish the host of the high ones that are on high, and the kings of the earth upon the earth. And they shall be gathered together, as prisoners are gathered in the pit, and shall be shut up in the prison, and after many days shall they be visited. Then the moon shall be confounded, and the sun ashamed, when the LORD of hosts shall reign in mount Zion, and in Jerusalem, and before his ancients gloriously.”
    • Isaiah 24:17-23
the hope set before us2
“The hope set before us”
  • “And he that overcometh, and keepeth my works unto the end, to him will I give power over the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron; as the vessels of a potter shall they be broken to shivers: even as I received of my Father.”
    • Rev. 2:26
  • “for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation; and hast made us unto our God kings and priests: and we shall reign on the earth.”
    • Rev. 5:9-10
the hope set before us3
“The hope set before us”
  • “And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb is the light thereof. And the nations of them which are saved shall walk in the light of it: and the kings of the earth do bring their glory and honour into it.”
    • Rev. 21:23-24
yahweh shall roar from zion5

Yahweh shall roar from Zion

The Prophecy of Amos

Class 6: The tabernacle of David

proclamation against the nations
Proclamation against the nations
  • Dilemma: Many of the nations no longer exist
  • Two possibilities
    • Represent nations that inhabit the same territories as these ancient nations
    • Represents other nations who exhibit their character
  • Damascus – 1v3-5
    • Capital of Syria
  • Gaza – 1v6-8
    • Capital of Philistia
  • Tyre – 1v9-10
  • Edom – 1v11-12
  • Ammon – 1v13-15
  • Moab – 2v1-3
  • Judah – 2v4-5
  • Israel – 2v6->
territorial interpretation
Territorial Interpretation
  • Damascus
  • Gaza
  • Tyre
  • Edom
  • Ammon
  • Moab
  • Syria
  • Palestine
  • Lebanon
  • Jordan
  • Jordan
  • Jordan

Problem – three ancient nations in modern territory of Jordan who stands by Israel’s side in the last days

– Isa. 16:4-5 w. I Sam. 22:3-4; Jer. 40:11-12

characteristic interpretation
Characteristic Interpretation
  • Syria & Lebanon
  • Palestinians
  • Babylon
    • Cp. Eze. 27; Rev. 18
  • Nations that hate Israel – Gog & Catholic Europe
  • People = nations consumed in their pursuit of self-interest
  • Water = nations that deny Israel’s unique status
  • Damascus (City)
  • Gaza (City)
  • Tyre (and Zidon)
  • Edom
  • Ammon
  • Moab
david s conversion
David’s Conversion
  • Began killing gentiles
    • I Sam. 18:7 – “David hath slain his tens of thousands”
    • I Chr. 28:2-3 – “thou shalt not build an house for my name, because thou hast been a man of war, and hast shed a multitude of blood”
  • Ended converting gentiles
    • II Sam. 18:2 – Ittai the Gittite – captain over a third of his followers – from Gath!
david s conversion1
David’s Conversion
  • Ended converting gentiles
    • II Sam. 15:32; 16:16 – spy for David against Absolom – from Archi (Josh 16:2)
    • II Sam. 15:18 – Cherethites, Pelethites, Gittites – 600 men from Gath
    • Psa. 101:6 “faithful of the land, walketh in a perfect way”
  • Mighty men of valour
    • Zelek the Ammonite
tabernacle of david
Tabernacle of David
  • House of worship for all nations
    • Isa. 2:1-5 “the LORD’S house”
    • Isa. 27:13 “the holy mount at Jerusalem”
    • Psa. 68:15-16 “the hill which God desireth to dwell in”
    • Jer. 3:17 “Jerusalem the throne of the LORD”