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School of Sport, Performing Arts and Leisure. Andy Lane University of Wolverhampton Richard Lane OptimizeFX , Broxbourne, UK Helen Lane Winning Lane Ltd Correspondence to: A.M.Lane2@wlv.ac.uk.

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slide1

School of Sport, Performing Arts and Leisure

Andy Lane

University of Wolverhampton

Richard Lane

OptimizeFX, Broxbourne, UK

Helen Lane

Winning Lane Ltd

Correspondence to:

A.M.Lane2@wlv.ac.uk

Profiling optimal performance: A case study of peak performance in foreign exchange dealing and boxing environments

slide2

School of Sport, Performing Arts and Leisure

Andy Lane

University of Wolverhampton

Richard Lane

OptimizeFX, Broxbourne, UK

Helen Lane

Winning Lane Ltd

Correspondence to:

A.M.Lane2@wlv.ac.uk

Profiling optimal performance: A case study of peak performance in foreign exchange dealing and boxing environments

PURPOSE

This case study aims to explore emotional intelligence and emotional states associated with optimal performance in two high-performance environments.

slide3

School of Sport, Performing Arts and Leisure

Andy Lane

University of Wolverhampton

Richard Lane

OptimizeFX, Broxbourne, UK

Helen Lane

Winning Lane Ltd

Correspondence to:

A.M.Lane2@wlv.ac.uk

Profiling optimal performance: A case study of peak performance in foreign exchange dealing and boxing environments

  • METHODS
  • An experienced foreign exchange dealer whom also competed as an amateur boxer completed mood measures and offered qualitative in relation to optimal performance states related to each environment.
  • Mood was completed retrospectively
slide4

School of Sport, Performing Arts and Leisure

Andy Lane

University of Wolverhampton

Richard Lane

OptimizeFX, Broxbourne, UK

Helen Lane

Winning Lane Ltd

Correspondence to:

A.M.Lane2@wlv.ac.uk

Profiling optimal performance: A case study of peak performance in foreign exchange dealing and boxing environments

  • METHODS
  • Research in sport typically assesses athletes memories of emotional states before optimal and dysfunctional performance (see Hanin, 2000)
  • The present study utilised a similar approach but used a standardised questionnaire.
  • Interview data were used to supplement questionnaire data.
slide5

School of Sport, Performing Arts and Leisure

Andy Lane

University of Wolverhampton

Richard Lane

OptimizeFX, Broxbourne, UK

Helen Lane

Winning Lane Ltd

Correspondence to:

A.M.Lane2@wlv.ac.uk

Profiling optimal performance: A case study of peak performance in foreign exchange dealing and boxing environments

slide6

School of Sport, Performing Arts and Leisure

Andy Lane

University of Wolverhampton

Richard Lane

OptimizeFX, Broxbourne, UK

Helen Lane

Winning Lane Ltd

Correspondence to:

A.M.Lane2@wlv.ac.uk

Profiling optimal performance: A case study of peak performance in foreign exchange dealing and boxing environments

  • RESULTS
  • Emotional intelligence data indicate high scores for regulation of emotions, awareness of own emotions, and social skills (regulation of others emotions).
slide7

School of Sport, Performing Arts and Leisure

Andy Lane

University of Wolverhampton

Richard Lane

OptimizeFX, Broxbourne, UK

Helen Lane

Winning Lane Ltd

Correspondence to:

A.M.Lane2@wlv.ac.uk

Profiling optimal performance: A case study of peak performance in foreign exchange dealing and boxing environments

  • RESULTS
  • Results indicated comparative emotional profiles between optimal performance, although optimal boxing performance was linked with high calmness and happiness.
slide8

School of Sport, Performing Arts and Leisure

Andy Lane

University of Wolverhampton

Richard Lane

OptimizeFX, Broxbourne, UK

Helen Lane

Winning Lane Ltd

Correspondence to:

A.M.Lane2@wlv.ac.uk

Profiling optimal performance: A case study of peak performance in foreign exchange dealing and boxing environments

  • RESULTS
  • Tension was motivational when coupled with positive emotions, and de-motivational when experienced with depression (Lane & Terry, 2000). Findings indicate the potential transferability of emotional control training between sport and occupational environments.
slide9

School of Sport, Performing Arts and Leisure

Andy Lane

University of Wolverhampton

Richard Lane

OptimizeFX, Broxbourne, UK

Helen Lane

Winning Lane Ltd

Correspondence to:

A.M.Lane2@wlv.ac.uk

Profiling optimal performance: A case study of peak performance in foreign exchange dealing and boxing environments

slide10

School of Sport, Performing Arts and Leisure

Andy Lane

University of Wolverhampton

Richard Lane

OptimizeFX, Broxbourne, UK

Helen Lane

Winning Lane Ltd

Correspondence to:

A.M.Lane2@wlv.ac.uk

Profiling optimal performance: A case study of peak performance in foreign exchange dealing and boxing environments

discussion
Discussion
  • Sporting competition shares many desirable traits for success in business because athletes need to manage their emotions, be goal focused, engage in activities to prepare for high-level performance, and be able to manage immediate and sometimes unpleasant feedback
  • Sport performance differs to business performance in a number of ways (Jones, 2002). Sport performance is discrete in that there are boundaries regarding when the competition starts and ends, whereas in business, performance is far more open and not always clear who is the opposition, when the game starts, and how performance is evaluated.
slide12

School of Sport, Performing Arts and Leisure

  • However, the analogy between business and sport performance crystallises at a micro level, for example, giving a presentation to the board, making a sales pitch, or trading in financial markets. When business people see performance as analogous to sport performance, providing a framework in which there is a start and end of each ‘competition’, and deciding how success is to be defined, then skills learned playing sport begins to have direct relevance to skills in business.
  • The ability to manage emotions has been cited as a key aspect to both sport performance and business performance (Lane, 2007). Recent research has found that emotionally intelligent athletes can get themselves into a psychological state linked to optimum performance in different domains of their life (see Lane, 2007).
slide13

School of Sport, Performing Arts and Leisure

  • For individuals to be able to maximise the transfer of this regulation of emotion from sport to business, they need to be conscious of their ability to achieve this process.
  • In the case of the foreign exchange present above, foreign exchange trading has strong parallels with performance in sport – goal orientated, competitive, clear outcomes (win or lose) against clear opposition – the market. It is punctuated by a series of events or games of varying intensity and duration - an emotional rollercoaster especially as the reasoning behind short-term moves in the market are often difficult to pinpoint.
slide14

School of Sport, Performing Arts and Leisure

  • The ability to control emotions, remain calm and focus on the task in hand is as important in sport as it is in foreign exchange dealing. To illustrate this point, consider a trader who loses focus whilst quoting prices to clients. He/she may end up with an unprofitable foreign exchange exposure by missing a move in the market. In such conditions, when a trader is losing money, it is all too common to ‘overtrade’ in an attempt to recover losses quickly. The subsequent trading decisions are made under duress, with higher risk and often with less rationale than normal.
  • This is a situation that can easily snowball into a vicious circle of poor risk/reward resulting in losses that initiate further futile attempts to scramble money back. A strong parallel is the football team, who with only five minutes to go throw everything into their opponents’ half – a ‘do or die’ attitude.
suggestions

School of Sport, Performing Arts and Leisure

Suggestions
  • Use psychological skills such as imagery and positive self-talk to prepare for coping with pressure (both in terms of competition and work). Think of specific situations where you will need to be in control of your thoughts and emotions and mentally rehearse performing these situations.
  • Establish outcome (i.e., finishing times, winning contests, sales figures, performance targets) and process goals (i.e., running technique, swimming techniques, being relaxed under pressure) which are relevant and will bring about success
  • Be aware that performance occurs in a social context; discuss your goals with employers and coach. This means discussing issues related to achieving your goal, and explain that you are committed to achieve these goals.
slide17

School of Sport, Performing Arts and Leisure

Andy Lane

University of Wolverhampton

Richard Lane

OptimizeFX, Broxbourne, UK

Helen Lane

Winning Lane Ltd

Correspondence to:

A.M.Lane2@wlv.ac.uk

Profiling optimal performance: A case study of peak performance in foreign exchange dealing and boxing environments

CONCLUSIONS & RELEVANCE

  • This case study provides evidence that shows intense emotions in both sport and work situations.
  • Future research should develop strategies to enhance emotional control that transfer between situations.