essential question n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Essential Question PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Essential Question

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 12

Essential Question - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

What powers were granted & denied to the national govt under the Articles of Confederation?. Essential Question. Chapter 8 Section 1 Pt I. The Articles of Confederation. When the Continental Congress met in 1776, they began to plan the new national govt.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Essential Question' - sera

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
early disagreements

When the Continental Congress met in 1776, they began to plan the new national govt.

  • The delegates agreed that the govt. should be a republic
  • However, disagreements btwn large & small states were common
    • Small states claimed each state should have one vote
    • Large states argued that voting should be based on population
Early Disagreements
the northwest territory

Delegates also argued over claims in the lands west of the Appalachians

    • This largely unsettled land was known, at the time, as the “Northwest Territory”
    • Several states that bordered this unsettled land claimed it as their own including:
      • VA, NC, SC, GA
    • Even states that DID NOT share a border also claimed western lands including:
      • NY, CT, MA
        • These claims caused major controversy amongst the states
The Northwest Territory

The Cont. Congress, after much debate, finally approved the first plan for the new govt. in 1781

    • The Articles of Confederation would be run by a “Confederation Congress”
      • The Congress would be made up of freely elected representatives from each of the 13 states
      • Each state received one vote
powers granted

The states left the following powers to the Congress:

  • Conduct foreign affairs
  • Declare war & make peace
  • Issue or borrow money
  • Control Western territories
  • Manage Native American affairs
  • Run the postal service
Powers Granted
powers denied

The Confed. Congress, however, was severely limited b/c it lacked the power to:

    • Establish an Executive Branch (No President)
    • Enforce national laws
    • Enact and collect taxes
    • Regulate trade
    • Establish federal courts
    • Amend the Articles of Confed.
  • All these powers were reserved for the states & their govts
    • This left the CC w/o sufficient power to govern effectively
      • In essence, the states mirrored Europe (small nation-states that all competed with one another)
Powers Denied
land ordinance of 1785

The Confederation Congress adeptly wrote laws on the division & governing of the newly acquired territories known as the Land Ordinance of 1785

    • This law stipulated that surveyors would stake out six square-mile plots, called townships, in these lands
      • Each township would be split into 36 square-mile plots, which could be purchased for $640/ plot
Land Ordinance of 1785
northwest ordinance

The law passed by the Confed. Congress that set up the governing of the NW Territory became known as the NW Ordinance

    • The law possessed many democratic features:
      • When each territory had 5,000 adult males, men who owned 50 acres of land could elect an assembly
      • When the pop. reached 60,000 people, the territory could apply to become a state
        • Slavery was outlawed
        • River travel was open to all
        • Freedom of religion & trial by jury were guaranteed
Northwest Ordinance
shays rebellion

One major issue the Confed. Congress had was an inability to levy taxes

    • The national govt. relied on the states for $, often which the states were not willing to send
      • This issue came to a head in a major way in Jan 1787 in MA
  • MA’s refusal to grant debt relief to its citizens led to an uprising known as Shays’ Rebellion
    • Led by former CA soldier, Daniel Shays, his followers marched on a federal arsenal, or weapons warehouse
    • Shays & his men were quickly met and dispersed by 1000 state militia
Shays' Rebellion
summary test question

Which of the following had the most power under the Articles of Confederation?

    • National Govt
    • State Govts
    • Federalists
    • Anti-Federalists
Summary/Test Question
summary test question1

Under the A of C, Congress could not tax. How did this weaken the national govt?

    • Congress could not borrow $
    • Congress could not settle disputes btwn the states
    • Congress could not issue $
    • It made Congress dependent on the states for $
Summary/Test Question