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European GNSS Programmes Galileo and EGNOS. Edgar Thielmann European Commission June 2009. EUROPEAN COMMISSION. EGNOS. 2002. 2003. 2004. 2005. 2006. 2007. 2008. 2009. 2010. 2011. 2012. 2013. 2014. 2015. 2016. 2017. 2018. 2019.

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European gnss programmes galileo and egnos l.jpg

European GNSS ProgrammesGalileo and EGNOS

Edgar Thielmann

European Commission

June 2009

EUROPEANCOMMISSION



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2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

EGNOS TimelineRegional Infrastructure & Services

EGNOS

Programme

Phases

Operational Phase (Long Term Operations, Extensions, Replenishments)

IOP Phase

Definition Phase

IOP … Initial Operations


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EGNOS System Architecture

3 GEOSatellites

6 NavigationLand EarthStations

Users &ServiceProviders

2 Support

Facilities

4 MissionControlCentres

34 Ranging & Integrity MonitoringStations (RIMS)

GPS & GLONASS


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EGNOS Services

SLA … Service Level Agreement, EDAS … EGNOS Data Access Server


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EGNOS Services – Current Status

SIS … Signal in Space, SARPS … Standards and Recommended Practices, SoL … Safety of Life


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EGNOS Data Access Service (EDAS)

EGNOS data (real-time):

  • RIMS raw observations

  • SBAS messages

Phased approach:

  • Phase 1: prototyping (2008)

    • EDAS data free-of-charge

    • No guarantee/liability

    • 12 months duration minimum

  • Phase 2: commercial exploitation (from 2009)

    • Example of applications : road transport in urban areas

End users

Value-added

service provider

User-specific

information


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EGNOS Performance (January 2009)

Source: Service Management Report ESSP for January 2009

APV … Approach with vertical guidance


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EGNOS Programme Status

  • EGNOS is already broadcasting signals of excellent quality

  • 2009:

    • Assets have been transferred from ESA to the European Community in April 2009

    • First EGNOS operator contract as of 1st April 2009

    • OS declaration of "entry into service" planned for late 2009

    • EC has finalized the procurement and lease of an EGNOS transponder to replace ARTEMIS as of 2011

    • Procurement action ongoing for replacement of 2nd EGNOS transponder

    • Geographical service extension is under study

  • 2010:

    • SOL declaration of "entry into service" planned for mid-2010 (after certification milestone)

    • EC intends to launch tests to demonstrate the added value of EGNOS for different market segments

    • GSA web portal for user communities and developers of applications starting early 2010


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EGNOS Extensions

Eastern Europe

Middle-East

MEDA

Depending on the extension area, technical implementation may vary from:

  • Homogeneous extension with deployment of additional RIMS

  • Regional infrastructure including additional processing capabilities


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EGNOS enables a reduction in the decision height

Long-term

Aviation was first to recognise EGNOS benefits (mostly GA and smaller airports)

EGNOS competitive space

  • General operational benefits

    • Reduction in angle of approach (direct and curved)

    • Better lateral guidance

  • Allows for IFR-like operation in non ILS-equipped airports

  • Increase in airports capacity

  • Increase in safety

  • Increase in flight capability (e.g. helicopters)

  • Expensive land based navaids can be avoided

  • Enables their long term decommissioning => lower terminal charges


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Initial position of identified applications

  • LBS E112 / LBS non regulated

High

  • Road eCall

  • Road (RUC / PAYD)

  • Comm. Veh. Telematics

  • Civil Aviation (APV)

  • Farming (Precision Agriculture)

  • General Aviation

Segment attractiveness

(size, growth)

Medium

  • Multimodal Transport (Dangerous goods)

  • Specialist tracking (Livestock, City logistics)

  • A-SMGCS

  • HPP

  • Inland Waterways (Traffic Management Surveillance)

Low

  • Rail Freight

  • Rail Fleet Mgt

Low

Medium

High

EGNOS added value


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EGNOS potential (with appropriate market enablers)

  • LBS E112 / LBS non regulated

  • LBS E112 / LBS non regulated

High

  • Road eCall

  • Road eCall

  • Road (RUC / PAYD)

  • Road (RUC / PAYD)

  • Comm. Veh. Telematics

  • Comm. Veh. Telematics

  • Civil Aviation (APV)

  • Civil Aviation (APV)

  • Farming

  • Farming (Precision Agriculture)

Segment attractiveness

(size, growth)

  • General Aviation

  • General Aviation

Medium

  • Multimodal Transport

  • Multimodal Transport (Dangerous goods)

  • Specialist tracking

  • Specialist tracking (Livestock, City logistics)

  • A-SMGCS

  • A-SMGCS

  • HPP

  • HPP

  • Inland Waterways

  • Inland Waterways (Traffic Management Surveillance)

Low

  • Rail Freight

  • Rail Freight

  • Rail Fleet Mgt

  • Rail Fleet Mgt

Low

Medium

High

EGNOS ability to compete based on technical performance versus other GNSS solutions e.g. GPS, GPS+Galileo, dGPS in the corresponding application.

EGNOS ability to compete



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Galileo Implementation Plan

Full Operational Capability

27 (+3) Galileo satellites

2013

In-Orbit Validation

4 IOV satellites plusground segment

2010

Galileo System Testbed v2

2 initial test satellites

2005

Galileo System Testbed v1

Validation of critical algorithms

2003


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Galileo – 5 Services

Open Service

Free to air; Mass market; Simple positioning

Commercial Service

Encrypted; High accuracy; Guaranteed service

Safety of Life Service

Open Service + Integrity and Authentication of signal

Encrypted; Integrity; Continuous availability

Public RegulatedService

Search and Rescue Service

Near real-time; Precise; Return link feasible


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Galileo Performance Standards (Dual Frequency)

* Availability figures for global average


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Road Market : Road Tolling

  • Galileo / Egnos can bring :

    • Better accuracy

    • Better availability of the signal

    • Authentication to avoid spoofing

    • Service guarantee to operators

  • All receivers will use two or more constellations for better performance :

    • Galileo + GPS

    • Galileo + Compass

    • Galileo + Glonass

  • Standardization process to be achieved in the interoperability Directive


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Road Transport : Dangerous Goods

  • Proposal for an EC directive for real time tracking of dangerous materials

  • Aiming first at improving road safety and civil security

  • Should however benefit to hauliers as well as it will help smoothering traffic restrictions

  • Nuclear material as primary target

  • all other kinds of dangerous ggods concerned

Satellite navigation tracking:

position, date and time, speed, course, respect of pre-defined path, excluded zones, faster emergency operations, etc.


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Road Transport : Monitoring of coaches

  • New EC directive proposal based on real-time satellite tracking to avoid this :

    • Monitoring of the itinerary

    • Real time Access control

    • Monitoring the driving conditions

    • Real time info service

+ automatic eCall for emergency situations


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ADAS (advanced driver assistance systems)

  • Safety critical application

  • Needs total reliability and very high accuracy (up to 10 cm)

  • Galileo required with service guarantee

  • Certification process to be implemented : which agreed body to do it ?

  • To be on the market around 2020


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PRS applications : Justice & home affairs, civil protection

  • Offenders & Asylum seekers

    • Electronicdevices attached to offenders

    • Alerts when allowed perimeters are broken

    • Cut prison overcrowding

  • Emergency Services

    • Help emergency team operations

    • Provide route guidance in difficult terrains

  • Civil protection

    • Define and apply keep-away zones

    • Identify location to drop material

  • Police forces

    • Police fleet monitoring

    • Fight against piracy

    • Vehicule and individual traking and tracing


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Conclusions

EGNOS will soon enter into its operational phase

  • EGNOS Open Service in 2009

  • EGNOS Safety of Life Service in 2010

    Galileo is at the handover between the development (IOV) and deployment (FOC) phases

  • GIOVE-A, GIOVE-B missions on-going

  • FOC procurement started in July 2008

  • 4 IOV satellites in 2010

  • Full Operational Capability in 2013

    International coordination is an important feature

  • Ensure compatibility as a minimum

  • Achieve interoperability when desired