Surat-ul-Mumtahinah:verses (10-11,12-13). By Shama Afreen Nida Nisha Samana Misbah. SURAT-UL-MUMTAHINAH:VERSES(10-11) AYAAH(60:10,60:11) When women embraced islam. AHL-UL-KITAB.
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When women embraced islam
O you who believe! When there come to you believing women refugees, examine (and test) them: Allah knows best as to their Faith: if ye ascertain tat they are Believers, then send them not back to the Unbelievers. They are not lawful (wives) for the Unbelievers, nor are the (Unbelievers) lawful (husbands) for them. But pay the Unbelievers what they have spent (on their dower), and there will be no blame on you if ye marry them on payment of their dower to them. But hold not to the guardianship of unbelieving women: ask for what ye have spent on their dowers, and let the (Unbelievers) ask for what they have spent (on the dowers of women who come over to you). Such is the command of Allah: He judges (with justice) between you. And Allah is Full of Knowledge and Wisdom.
And if any of your wives deserts you to the Unbelievers, and ye have an accession (by the coming over of a woman from the other side), then pay to those whose wives have deserted the equivalent of what they had spent (on their dower). And fear Allah, in Whom ye believe.
As a condition in the Trety of AL-Hdaybiyah the pagans insisted on a particular condition.If anyyone from them escaped Makkah and reached the Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H)he would havr to return the person bak to them.However,if a Muslim left Islam and escaped Madina to Makkah they would not have to return the person to the Muslims.This condition was hard on the Muslims to accept but the Kuffar insisted,so the Prophet agreed
After the Treaty was signed,several Muslim men escaped from the Quraysh but the Prophet (P.B.U.H) was forced to let the Qurays take them back.Then Ummu-Kulthoom,the daughter of Uqbah,escaped and fled to madina.When Quraysh came asking for her,Allah revealed these verses stating that women are exempt from being returned if they are found to be sicere Muslims.
Regarding the test in the verse, Ibn Abbas said that when a woman would come to the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him, he would make her take an oath. She had to swear that she did not leave Makkah because she hated her husband and that she only migrated out of a love for Allah and his Messenger.
Women making the pledge of allegiance
O Prophet! When believing women come to thee to take the oath of fealty to thee, that they will not associate in worship any other thing whatever with Allah, that they will not steal, that they will not commit adultery (or fornication), that they will not kill their children, that they will not utter slander, intentionally forging falsehood, and that they will not disobey thee in any just matter,- then do thou receive their fealty, and pray to Allah for the forgiveness (of their sins): for Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
O ye who believe! Turn not (for friendship) to people on whom is the Wrath of Allah, of the Hereafter they are already in despair, just as the Unbelievers are in despair about those (buried) in graves.
the Arabic word for major sins is kab’ir plural of kabeerah.the worst of al kaba’ir are moubiqaat ,or destructive sins. according to Imam Ibn Hajir Al-Asqalani,the Kaba’ir are those sins that fit the following criteria:
Sariqah:stealing,especially stealing the money of the orphans and the weak.
Shrub-ul-Khamr:drinking wine and consuming other intoxicants like marijuana and cocaine.