Contract • An agreement between two or more parties for the doing or not doing of something specified • In a contract there are agreed upon rules/understandings that are to be followed and honored.
Criminal Law vs. Civil Law • Criminal law = when somebody breaks a law he/she is a criminal. They have committed a crime. If guilty, punishment is often in the form of loss of freedom (imprisonment) • Civil law = when someone violates a contract. The violator is NOT a criminal. The punishment is usually in the form of compensation or retribution (money or something given to make up for the loss)
Contracts (Related to Games) • If a professional athlete enters into a contract with the owners of a team, what does this obligate the athlete to do? • What does it obligate the owners of the team to do? • All people who enter into a game also enter into a contract with the other participants in that game.
Can you think of other examplesof contracts people enter into? What do people agree to do? In exchange for what? In all contracts, to get something, you must give up something.
Social Contract • Are there unwritten rules and understandings for people in a community? • How does the concept of a “contract” play out in your lives (in the classroom, school, community, world) • In a social contract, everyone promises to give up the absolute right to do anything he or she has a right to do. In return, everyone receives the security that rules and limits can provide.
EGE 9 Class Contract • If you entered into a social contract with Mr. Vavra and Mr. Warner what would you agree to do? • In exchange for what?
I Have A Dream • This year is the 50th anniversary of Martin Luther King’s famous speech on August 28, 1963 • What contract did he think had been broken?
I Have A Dream • In a sense we have come to our nation's capital to cash a check. When the architects of our republic wrote the magnificent words of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence, they were signing a promissory note to which every American was to fall heir. This note was a promise that all men, yes, black men as well as white men, would be guaranteed the unalienable rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. • It is obvious today that America has defaulted on this promissory note insofar as her citizens of color are concerned. Instead of honoring this sacred obligation, America has given the Negro people a bad check, a check which has come back marked "insufficient funds." But we refuse to believe that the bank of justice is bankrupt. We refuse to believe that there are insufficient funds in the great vaults of opportunity of this nation. So we have come to cash this check -- a check that will give us upon demand the riches of freedom and the security of justice.
One of the Most Famous Contracts • The year is 1620. There are a bunch of people on a boat. They are far away from home and stranded. They are landing in a place where they technically aren’t supposed to be. What kind of social contract will they have to come up with?
One of the most famous contracts • In the name of God, Amen. We, whose names are underwritten, the loyal subjects of our dread Sovereign Lord King James, by the Grace of God, of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, King, defender of the Faith, etc. Having undertaken, for the Glory of God, and advancements of the Christian faith and honor of our King and Country, a voyage to plant the first colony in the Northern parts of Virginia, do by these presents, solemnly and mutually, in the presence of God, and one another, covenant and combine ourselves together into a civil body politic; for our better ordering, and preservation and furtherance of the ends aforesaid; and by virtue hereof to enact, constitute, and frame, such just and equal laws, ordinances, acts, constitutions, and offices, from time to time, as shall be thought most meet and convenient for the general good of the colony; unto which we promise all due submission and obedience. • In witness whereof we have hereunto subscribed our names at Cape Cod the 11th of November, in the year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord King James, of England, France, and Ireland, the eighteenth, and of Scotland the fifty-fourth, 1620