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  1. SPÉ 1ÈRE PRODUCTION: 2013/2 THE NEW POPE Lucía Moreno, Agustina Di Lelle, Florencia Miño, Araukana Weiss and Julia de Ípola

  2. PLAN: The pope resigns 2. Popes in Rome 3. Popes in Avignon 4. Electing a new pope 5. Habemuspapam: Francis

  3. 1. BREAKING NEWS: THE POPE RESIGNS The Pope Benedict XVI, said he willresign at theend of themonth ,because of hisadvancedage (85 yearsold). He isthefirst pope who has steppeddown in nearly 600 years. "Strength of mind and body are necessary, strengthwhich in thelastfewmonths has deteriorated in me totheextentthat I havehadtorecognize my incapacitytoadequatelyfulfilltheministryentrustedto me," saidBenedict. TheCatholicworldstartedtospeculateaboutwhowouldreplacehim and ifthe new pope isgoingto be fromthedevelopingworldoronefromEurope. Butthatdecisionwillnot be made byBenedict. He willleavehis post onFebruary 28 By Agustina Di Lelle Main Page

  4. VATICAN CITY It was established as an independent state in 1929 by the Lateran Treaty. Vatican City State is distinct from the Holy See, which dates back to early Christianity and is the main episcopal see of 1.2 billion Latin and Eastern Catholic adherents around the globe. Ordinances of Vatican City are published in Italian; official documents of the Holy See are issued mainly in Latin. The two entities have distinct passports: the Holy See, not being a country, issues only diplomatic and service passports, whereas Vatican City State issues normal passports. In each case, very few passports are issued. The new pope willbe the 266th (Rome and Avignon). Main Page

  5. ROME It is the city with the highest concentration of historical and architectural riches in the world. Its historical centre, layering nearly three thousand years of antiquity, is an invaluable testimony to the European western world’s cultural, artistic and historical legacy and in 1980 it was, together with the Holy See’s property beyond the confines of the Vatican State, added to UNESCO’s World Heritage List. In addition to the municipal emblem, there is the Capitoline wolf, the bronze statue depicting the legendary she-wolf suckling the twins Romulus and Remus; the Colosseum, ancient Rome’s largest amphitheatre, which was also listed in 2007 as one of the seven wonders of the modern world, the dome of St. Peter’s Basilica in the Vatican, dominating the entire city and symbolizing Christianity. Main Page By Julia de Ípola

  6. AVIGNON PAPACY • The Avignon Papacy was the period from 1309 to 1376, during which seven successive popes resided in Avignon, in modern-day France, rather than in Rome.This periodisdivided in two : • 1309 -1378 legitimatepapacy , the pope in Avignon is the leader of the Catholic Church • 1378 -1418 illegitimatepapacy in opposition with the Papacy in Rome because of the Western Schism By Araukana Weiss Main Page

  7. Among the popes whoresided in Avignon, subsequentCatholichistoriographygrantslegitimacy to these: Pope Clement V: 1305–1314 (curiamoved to Avignon March 9, 1309) Pope John XXII: 1316–1334 Pope Benedict XII: 1334–1342 Pope Clement VI: 1342–1352 Pope Innocent VI: 1352–1362 Pope Urban V: 1362–1370 (in Rome 1367-1370; returned to Avignon 1370) Pope Gregory XI: 1370–1378 (left Avignon September 13, 1376) The two Avignon-basedantipopeswere: Clement VII: 1378–1394 Benedict XIII: 1394–1423 (expelledfrom Avignon in 1403) Main Page

  8. 4. ELECTING A NEW POPE Vatican conclave rules and rituals Main Page

  9. Who votes? • Elected by the College of Cardinals meeting in Conclave . • Only cardinals under age 80 are eligible. • In this case 115 men fit the bill and will vote Main Page

  10. Whatisthe ritual? • Cardinals gather in the Pauline Chapel of the Apostolic Palace and file into the Sistine Chapel chanting the Litany of Saints and the Latin hymn "Veni Creator," imploring saints and the Holy Spirit to help them pick a pope. • Each cardinal places his hand on a book of the Gospels and pledges "with the greatest fidelity" never to reveal the details of the conclave Main Page

  11. How do they vote? • Each cardinal writes his choice on a paper inscribed with the words "Eligo in summenpontificem," or "I elect as Supreme Pontiff’’ • They approach the altar one by one and say: "I call as my witness, Christ the Lord who will be my judge, that my vote is given to the one who, before God, I think should be elected". • The ballots are then bound together with a needle and burned in the chapel stove along with a chemical to produce either black or white smoke. Main Page

  12. What happens once the Pope is elected? • Once a cardinal has been elected pope, the master of liturgical ceremonies enters the Sistine Chapel and the senior cardinal asks "Do you accept your canonical election as Supreme Pontiff?“ • White smoke pours out of the Sistine Chapel chimney and bells of St. Peters toll. • In a change for this conclave, the new pope will stop and pray in the Pauline Chapel for a few minute. Main Page

  13. Preceding him to the balcony the protodeacon, who announces "HabemusPapam!" Latin for "We have a pope" and then introduces him to the world in Latin. • The new pope then emerges and delivers his first public words as pope. Main Page

  14. 5. BREAKING NEWS: HABEMUS PAPAM: Francis By Florencia Miño Main Page

  15. Jorge Bergoglio Francis, was born as Jorge Mario Bergoglio in Argentina on December 17th 1936. Bergogliois the 226th pope of the Catholic church. He was elected on March 13th 2013. He studied at Theological Faculty of San Miguel. He received licentiate in philosophy. He became a Jesuit on Dec. 13, 1969. No Jesuit priest has ever served as pontiff. Besides Spanish, Bergoglio also speaks Italian and German. Main Page

  16. Becomes a bishop He was ordained titular bishop of Auca and auxiliary of Buenos Aires on June 27, 1992. He became archbishop of Buenos Aires on Feb. 28, 1998. On Nov. 30, 1998, ‘’he became Ordinary for Eastern-rite faithful in Argentina who lack an Ordinary in their own rite.’’ Main Page

  17. Becomes a cardinal He was proclaimed cardinal by Pope John Paul II on Feb. 21, 2001. He participated in conclave that elected Pope Benedict XVI in 2005. He served as president of the Bishops' Conference of Argentina from November 2005 to November 2011. Main Page

  18. Theworld has a new Pope On March 13th, 2013 Jorge Mario Bergoglio, was elected Supreme Pontiff on the second day of the Conclave, on the fifth ballot. New Pope Francis: Main Page