Integration of Information Systems for the Benefit of Researchers and Policymakers A Need for a European Approach and Coordination? Erik Arnold European Parliament, Brussels 26 March 2013
Why are we interested in information and measurement? • Drive from the New Public Management for performance measurement • Increased effort to link research with innovation • A need for output data to feeding the growing use of performance-based research funding systems • More use of evaluation in managing and measuring funding programmes • Increased autonomy of research-performing institutions leads to a desire for more management information at institutional level • Open access to the results of publicly-funded research • ICT systems increasingly enable access to, and research use of, others’ research materials
Stakeholders’ use of research information Based upon: Expert Group on Assessment of University-Based Research, Assessing Europe’s University-Based Research, European Commission, DG Research, 2010
Types of system are proliferating • Research information systems • Institutional level • Funder or national level • Indicator systems and databases at national and European level • National research evaluation databases • International bibliometric databases • Web of Science, Scopus • Web-based publication databases • Scholar Google – a game-changer? • Open access repositories • Others, eg • CV and patent databases
Use of bibliometrics in performance-based funding Based on Diana Hicks, 'Overview of models of performance-based research funding systems', Performance-based Funding for Public Research in Tertiary Education Institutions: Workshop Proceedings, OECD Working Party on Research Institutions and Human Resources (RIHR), 2010
Why would we need better systems? • Better measurement of the broad impacts of research • Support better evaluation methods • More data availability • Better, more sophisticated indicators • Improved understanding of research and innovation systems • Availability of fine-grained, internationally comparable data • Obtain input data (especially funding), not just outputs • Enable policy coordination and measurement at a trans-national level
Questions for today’s workshop • Is our view on the current landscape of systems for research-related information collection correct? Did we miss out something? • Is it desirable to interconnect the various types of information? Is it practical? What would be/are the benefits? • Is interconnection of national systems at European level desirable? Is it practical? What would be the benefits? • Is there a coordination deficit at European level? • Where should coordination come from?
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