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Chhattisgarh – Profile Agro Climatic Zones Northern Hills Zone • Falls under eastern plateau and Hills Zone sub-divided into three agro climatic zones. • Geog. area 137.90 lakh ha. (4.15 % of the country) • Net sown area 47.70 lakh ha. (35 % of its geog. area) • 57 % soil is medium to light. • Forest cover 63.55 lakh ha. (46 % of its geog. area) • Average rainfall 1325 mm. Chhattisgarh Plains Zone Bastar Plateau Zone
Chhattisgarh - An Overview • Farm families: 32.55 lakh (33% ST, 12 % SC). • 54% Marginal Farmers own 15% land • 22% Small Farmers own 19% land. • 24% Others own 66% land. • Average land holding: 1.6 ha • Rice is a major kharif crop which occupies 75% of the total kharif cropped area (47.80 lakh ha.). Other cereals 2%, Pulses 9%, Oilseeds 7% & Other crops 7%. • Area under Rabi crops 16.14 Lakh ha. which constitutes only 34 % of the net sown area. • Net irrigated area 12.82 lakh ha (27 %) • Cropping intensity 134 %. 76% Small / Marginal Farmers own 34% land
Source wise Irrigation (Area in Lakh ha.) Agro Climatic Zones Northern Hills Zone Chhattisgarh Plains Zone Bastar Plateau Zone
Productivity State vis-à-vis National Unit-kg/ha.
Contd… Seed Replacement Rate of Major Crops Unit : %
Achievement during Last Three Years & Proposed Programme Kharif Crops – Area Coverage Unit-000 Ha.
Achievement during Last Three Years & Proposed Programme Kharif Crops – Production Unit-000 MT
Achievement during Last Three Years & Proposed Programme Kharif Crops – Productivity Unit-kg/ha.
Achievement during Last Three Years & Proposed Programme Rabi Crops – Area Coverage Unit-000 Ha.
Contd… Rabi Crops – Area Coverage Unit-000 Ha. Note:- 33 Tehsils of 8 districts were drought affected during 08-09. Adversely affected area and production.
Achievement during Last Three Years & Proposed Programme Rabi Crops – Production Unit-000 MT
Contd… Rabi Crops – Production Unit-000 MT
Achievement during Last Three Years & Proposed Programme Rabi Crops – Productivity Unit-kg/ha.
Contd… Rabi Crops – Productivity Unit-kg/ha.
SWOT ANALYSIS 1. STRENGTHS • Higher average rainfall (1325 mm. per annum) • Varied soil types suitable for various crops. • Adequate electricity. • Availability of labour force. • Rich in biodiversity. • Availability of natural resources perennial river and nalas.
2. WEAKNESS • Dominance of SC / ST / Small and marginal economically weaker families. • Fragmented land holding. • Erratic rainfall. • Low irrigation (27 %). • Light soils having low fertility and water holding capacity. • Broad cast method of sowing. • Low adoption of farm mechanization.
3. OPPORTUNITIES • Positive and helping attitude of Central & State Govt. towards Agriculture Sector. • Vast scope for crop diversification. • Area expansion under assured irrigation. • Scope to Improve SRR. 4. THREATS • Drought and erratic rainfall. • Diversion of agri. land to non agricultural purposes. • Depleting ground water. • Crop menace by stray cattle and wild animals.
Road Map for Balance Period - Strategies Area : Additional target Kh. 0.64 + R 5.68 = 6.50 lac ha. (9.5 %) • Not much scope for horizontal expansion durirng kharif. • However, Thrust on utilization of land. • Emphasis on diversion of upland rice with suitable pulses & oilseeds. • Utilization of rice bunds for growing Arhar & Sesamum (Til). • Intercropping of Arhar, Moong, Urd with traditionally grown minor millets (kodo-kutki) • Additional area under assured irrigation 2,34,400 ha.
Production : Additional target Kh. 12.36 + R 2.94 = 15.30 lac MT. (25 %) • Quality Seed Production & Distribution Unit-in Qtls.
Seed Replacement Rate of Major Crops Unit : %
Seed Availability - Kharif 2009 Unit-in Qtls.
Allocation of Seed Minikit During Kharif 2009 Unit- in Nos.
NUTRIENT CONSUMPTION Unit-000' MT
Credit in Agriculture Sector Unit-Rs. In crore
Consumption of Pesticides Unit-MT (Tech.Grade)
PROMOTIONS OF FARM MACHANIZATION Unit- No.
Agriculture Infrastructure Development Existing – STL - 4, FTL - 1, PTL - 1, SATA - 1, FTC - 3, Govt.Farm-17
Special Initiatives taken by Chhattisgarh Govt. • Crop loan @3 % per annum through co-operative banks . • Additional Bonus @Rs. 220/- per quintal for paddy. • Bonus @Rs. 25/- per quintal to sugarcane growers. • Farm Mechanization : • VAT exempted on Agriculture Implements. • 25 % additional subsidy for agricultural implements. • Irrigation : • Assistance up to Rs. 50,000/- per pump for inerzization. • Additional 30 % subsidy for SC / ST and 10 % for others under MIP. • Seed : • Budget provision of 10.52 crores to promote production and distribution of quality seed. • Other : • “Khalihan Agni Durghatna Rahat Yojna”- assistance up to Rs. 10,000
National Resource Management watershed development (1) NWDPRA :- 10th Plan period up to 2006-07
National Resource Management watershed development 11th Plan period up to 2006-07 River Valley Project/Flood prone River
Issues for consideration • Under ISOPOM GOI released Rs. 887.77 lakhs as against the approved work plan of Rs. 2120.91 lakh (Rs. 1575.68 lakh Central Share + Rs. 545.23 lakh State Share) during year 2008- 09. Rs. 244 Lakh (Central Share) is required for pending payments. • Unit Cost fixed by GOI under MIS should be revised according to the prevailing market rate.
RICE • Thrust Area :- • Thrust on production and distribution of quality seeds to increase SRR. • Thrust for line sowing instead of rainfed broadcast paddy. • Promotion for transplantation and SRI method in irrigated areas. • Seed Treatment Campaign. • Use of Lime in acidic soils & Zinc sulphate in deficient areas. • Promotion for use of Green Manuring, Organic Manure, Bio-fertilizers & Balance fertilizer. • Farmers Field School. • Area expansion under hybrid and mid duration varieties to promote double cropping.
MAIZE • Thrust Area :- • Promotion for use of Hybrid and H.Y. varieties. • Summer maize in place of summer paddy. • Thrust on use of balance fertilizer, micro-nutrients. • Line sowing and inter culture operation.
ARHAR (TUR) • Thrust Area :- • Utilization of rice bunds for growing Arhar. • Use of Rhizobium culture and Seed Treating Material. • Use of H.Y. quality seed.
Moong, Urd • Use of yellow mosaic resistant HYV. • Seed treatment and use of Rhizobium culture. • Seed treatment and use of bio-fertilizer. • Promotion of NPK as basal dose.
SOYBEAN • Thrust Area :- • Use of quality seed and Rhizobium culture, seed treatment. • Timely sowing and need based plant protection. • Proper drainage and timely weed control .
Wheat • Encouraging timely sowing of wheat. • Adoption of the high temperature tolerant wheat verities. • Balanced use of fertilizer and soil amelioration (Gypsum).
Gram • Early sowing in Kharif fallow sloppy fields. • Emphasis on multi resistance high yielding varities. • More emphasis on use of trichoderma verdi, balance use of fertilizer, micro nutrient & bio-fertilizer. • Emphasis on IPM practices, Farmers Field School, Farmer Training.
LATHYRUS • Promotion for sown crop instead of Utera. • Use of new released HYV-Ratan, Mahatiwra. • Seed treatment and plant protection.
LINSEED • Timely sowing of multiple resistance high yielding verities. • Use of sprinkler irrigation before flowering for higher productivity. • Use of gypsum as a source of sulpher for higher oil percentage.