Mexico • Mexico is home to many styles of music: • Mariachi – from Jalisco • Son Jarocho –from Veracruz • Son istmeno– from Oxaca and Chiapas • Banda • Does music in the U.S, vary by region? How?
Mariachi • Mariachi music is characterized by: • Instruments like the vihuela and guitarron • The unique trajes de charro • The Mariachi’s “cry” • Let’s listen to the Mariachi son “El Cascabel” and complete the Music Review Journal.
Son Jarocho • SonJarocho is a song style from Veracruz • The music is characterized by the jarana (8 string guitar), the requinto (4 string guitar), and the arpa (a 32 string harp) • Listen to “La Bamba” by TlenHuicani and complete the column for Music Selection A • Next, Listen to the Ritchie Valens version and complete column for Music Selection B.
Banda • Banda music is influenced by German culture (polka “oom-pahs”) • Most Banda songs are “corridos” which describe life on the border • If Banda music has accordion it is called norteño. Why?
Banda and Polka • Banda music is influenced by German Polka music. • We are going to listen to one of each. Put the Banda in Music Selection A and the German Polka in Music Selection B
Mexican American Music • Part 1 • Part 2
The Caribbean • Reggae – Jamaica • Compas – Haiti • Merengue – Dominican Republic • Calypso – Trinidad and Tobago
Reggae • The most famous reggae musician is Bob Marley • Reggae comes from a mixture of Mento (Jamaican folk music), Ska, and Rocksteady • Reggae music is characterized by guitar chords on beats 2 and 4 in 4/4 time.
Calypso and the Steel Drum • Moderate tempo and pretty melodies • The steel drum is the trademark sound of calypso • Created after World War II out of empty oil drums • Soca was created by Garfield Blackman to bring back the popularity of Calypso. Soca has a heavy beat and funky bass line. • Indian instruments – the sitar and tabla – were added in the 1970’s to create soca Chutney
Calypso and Soca • We will hear two styles from Trinidad and Tobago • Calypso is know for the steel drum • Soca features a heavy bass drum beat and funky bass rhythm • Let’s compare and contrast “JuJu Warrior” (8) and “Miss Tourist” (9) fill out the front side and complete a venn diagram on the back.